Author : Dr. Maryam Mosleh / Otolaryngologist, Head and Neck Surgeon.
We have 2 types of rhinoplasty techniques:
As the names describe, open rhinoplasty has an incision under the bridge of nose which is usually very small and not detectable after a short period. But close rhinoplasty is incision less.
Although close rhinoplasty seems better technique to many patients, for most noses, we prefer open rhinoplasty cause in this technique surgeon can change the shape of the nose more accurate.
Read more about : Type of face lift
The question is which noses are better candidates for close technique and which is better for open one?
All noses can be candidates for open technique but for close one, the best candidates are who have major problem in their dorsum of nose such as big hump and minor problems in their tip of nose.
There are 2 types of nose that patient according to their races have:
The one that needs augmentation, means they have small nose and they want a bigger one. East Asian usually needs this kind of surgery.
Read more about : Ethnic rhinoplasty
When we decides that which technique is good for patients, now we have to evaluate the nose.
The most important factor for rhinoplasty is the skin of nose. The patient with very thick or very thin skin are not a good candidates for surgery. Although there are lots of technique for these kinds of nose, at the end, the patients are often not happy with the result.
Other evaluations such as septum, airway, cartilages and nasal bone should be done before surgery to make sure of the best result.
Read more about : Rhinoplasty surgery , Before and after surgery Videos
Read more about : Nose job simulator
Read more about : Deviated septum surgery
When a doctor decides to do the surgery, the patient should let the surgeon know his or her expectations. That’s why I always recommend the patients to look at the mirror carefully and with accuracy to find out what they don’t like about their noses.
In this way surgeon can decide whether the expectation are achievable during surgery or not. Most surgeons do not like the patients to bring the photo of their desired nose, but to me, I prefer to take a look at the photo to find out what they expect and what kind of nose they really want. In this way I know whether we can do it or not. Communication between surgeon and patient before surgery is very important and can change the outcome of surgery.
Professional photo from different angles of nose is very helpful for both patient and surgeon. Most patients don’t like to look at their photos but I think they should look at it carefully to find out all the asymmetries and problems of their noses before surgery. In this way they would be more realistic.
It is better to quit smoking 10 days prior to surgery. The patients should discuss the all medication and diseases that they have. Because this surgery is not urgent and many medication and diseases can affect the result of it. So, be honest with your doctor.
Last step of pre operation evaluation is lab data and CT scan of face and sinuses.
For minimal changes, especially in revision rhinoplasty, we can use local anesthesia by blocking nerves around the nose, but mostly we prefer general anesthesia. Don’t be afraid of general anesthesia, It is very deep, comfortable sleep that you may never get it in your life!
Apart from the technique, surgeon separate the skin from bone and cartilages under it and by making change in shape of them, the final shape of nose will be granted. At the end of surgery, we use plastic cast on the nose to maintain the shape of nose.
Read more about : Signs of infection after rhinoplasty
Read more about : Crying after rhinoplasty
Read more about : When can i touch my nose after rhinoplasty?
Read more about : How long should i tape my nose after rhinoplasty?
What will you experience after surgery?
What and When:
When you can find out the final shape of your nose?
The nose will change shape every day. Everyday! Don’t rely on the shape and irregularity of nose after surgery. Time usually will resolve them.
To be realistic, you will find out the shape of the nose 1 year after surgery. Only after at least 1 year you can think of revision surgery if you are not happy with the result.