Types of nose jobs

Types of nose jobs

Author : Dr. Maryam Mosleh  /  Otolaryngologist, Head and Neck Surgeon.

Types of Rhinoplasty Surgery

What are the different types of rhinoplasty?

We have 2 types of rhinoplasty techniques:

  1. close
  2. open

As the names describe, open rhinoplasty has an incision under the bridge of nose which is usually very small and not detectable after a short period. But close rhinoplasty is incision less.

Although close rhinoplasty seems better technique to many patients, for most noses, we prefer open rhinoplasty cause in this technique surgeon can change the shape of the nose more accurate.

Read more about : Type of face lift

The question is which noses are better candidates for close technique and which is better for open one?

All noses can be candidates for open technique but for close one, the best candidates are who have major problem in their dorsum of nose such as big hump and minor problems in their tip of nose.

Read more about :

1. Open Rhinoplasty

2. Closed Rhinoplasty

3. Nonsurgical Rhinoplasty

4. Revision Rhinoplasty

There are 2 types of nose that patient according to their races have:

 The one that needs augmentation, means they have small nose and they want a bigger one. East Asian usually needs this kind of surgery.

  1. The one that needs reduction, means they have big nose and we should makes some cuts to make it smaller. Most Middle East patient needs this kind of surgery.

Read more about : Ethnic rhinoplasty 

When we decides that which technique is good for patients, now we have to evaluate the nose.

The most important factor for rhinoplasty is the skin of nose. The patient with very thick or very thin skin are not a good candidates for surgery. Although there are lots of technique for these kinds of nose, at the end, the patients are often not happy with the result.

Other evaluations such as septum, airway, cartilages and nasal bone should be done before surgery to make sure of the best result.

Read more about : Rhinoplasty surgery , Before and after surgery Videos 

Read more about : Nose job simulator

Read more about : Deviated septum surgery

Before surgery:

When a doctor decides to do the surgery, the patient should let the surgeon know his or her expectations. That’s why I always recommend the patients to look at the mirror carefully and with accuracy to find out what they don’t like about their noses.

In this way surgeon can decide whether the expectation are achievable during surgery or not. Most surgeons do not like the patients to bring the photo of their desired nose, but to me, I prefer to take a look at the photo to find out what they expect and what kind of nose they really want. In this way I know whether we can do it or not. Communication between surgeon and patient before surgery is very important and can change the outcome of surgery.

Professional photo from different angles of nose is very helpful for both patient and surgeon. Most patients don’t like to look at their photos but I think they should look at it carefully to find out all the asymmetries and problems of their noses before surgery. In this way they would be more realistic.

It is better to quit smoking 10 days prior to surgery. The patients should discuss the all medication and diseases that they have. Because this surgery is not urgent and many medication and diseases can affect the result of it. So, be honest with your doctor.  

Last step of pre operation evaluation is lab data and CT scan of face and sinuses.

During surgery:

For minimal changes, especially in revision rhinoplasty, we can use local anesthesia by blocking nerves around the nose, but mostly we prefer general anesthesia. Don’t be afraid of general anesthesia, It is very deep, comfortable sleep that you may never get it in your life!

Apart from the technique, surgeon separate the skin from bone and cartilages under it and by making change in shape of them, the final shape of nose will be granted. At the end of surgery, we use plastic cast on the nose to maintain the shape of nose.

Read more about : Signs of infection after rhinoplasty

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Read more about : When can i touch my nose after rhinoplasty?

Read more about : How long should i tape my nose after rhinoplasty?

After surgery:

What will you experience after surgery?

  1. Bruising and edema: if the surgeon crack your nasal bone (osteotomies), which is very common in this surgery, you will have edema and bruising around your eye for few days. Ice pack is very very important for this complication. More Icepack in the first 3days results in less bruising and edema. It is better to sleep on 2-3 pillows under your head. Head elevation can reduce bruising and edema.
  2. Pain:  Most patients doesn’t experience much pain in their site of surgery. Sometimes patients complains about a minor pain in their throat which is caused by intubation during surgery. Warm water and soups can alleviate the pain.
  3. Nasal Obstruction: This will be reduced by frequent irrigation of the nasal cavity with normal salin. After the surgery the nose is filled with clots, sutures and secretion. With irrigation, nasal airway will be cleaned and normal nasal respiration will be gained.
Taking care of nose after surgery:

What and When:

  1. Sleeping with head elevation: 3 days
  2. Sleeping on the flanks: after removing cast. Which is usually 7-10 days after surgery.
  3. Trauma: never, never, never. Be careful with your nose. Even a slight trauma can change the result. I usually recommend the patients to use their plastic cast on their noses in situations that chance of trauma is high.
  4. Eating, talking, and smiling: you can do all of these from day 1! Just don’t laugh so hard. No need to be obsessive with your nose.
  5. Sport: you have to walk after surgery. Don’t just sleep. Walking inside the house can cause your edema go away sooner. You can start mild activity and sport after 1 month. But lifting heavy weights, jumping in the pool and high activity sports should wait for at least 3 months after surgery.
  6. Glasses: avoid sunglasses for first 2 months. For optical glasses, I recommend contact lenses if possible. If not, use the lightest glasses and tape it to your forehead for first 2 months. Because bones are still weak and pressure of the glasses can move them, which can change the result.
  7. Tapes: It may differ from a patient to another. It depends on the gender, type of skin (thin or thick), level of activity and patient’s occupation. But it usually from 2 to 4 months.

When you can find out the final shape of your nose?

The nose will change shape every day. Everyday! Don’t rely on the shape and irregularity of nose after surgery. Time usually will resolve them.

To be realistic, you will find out the shape of the nose 1 year after surgery. Only after at least 1 year you can think of revision surgery if you are not happy with the result. 

1What types of nose jobs are there?
What are the different types of cosmetic nose surgery (rhinoplasty)? Open Rhinoplasty is used for major nose reshaping. Incisions are made in the vertical strip of skin separating the nostrils, called the columella. ... Closed Rhinoplasty is used for minor nose reshaping. ... Secondary Rhinoplasty. ... Filler Rhinoplasty.
2How long does Closed rhinoplasty take to heal?
five to six days In terms of recovery, it largely depends on the type of rhinoplasty, but for both open and closed procedures, downtime is typically a one- to two-week period. "Most patients have a rapid recovery within five to six days [for closed procedures]," says Dugar.
3Can a 13 year old get a nose job?
Surgeons used to wait until patients reached age 17 or 18 before reshaping a nose for fear that if they did it any younger, the child's nose would keep growing and end up in an odd shape. But they have found that nose growth ends earlier, and now do nose jobs, known as rhinoplasty, on girls at age 13 and boys at 14.Sep
4How long does it take to recover from a nose job?
Nose Job Recovery. After a nose job, people usually wear a nasal splint for the first week. You can expect swelling and some bruising around the eyes after surgery that will begin to improve after the third day. It can, though, last up to two weeks.
5How do I prepare for a nose job?
In general, some of the most important steps that are involved in preparing for rhinoplasty surgery include: Researching Your Surgeon. Scheduling a Consultation. ... Post-Operative Care Stay hydrated. Use cold compresses to reduce swelling. Rest as often as possible. Avoid strenuous activities and exercise.
6Is open rhinoplasty better than closed?
Closed vs Open Rhinoplasty. Closed rhinoplasty is an approach to nasal surgery where all the incisions are hidden within the nose. ... For patients desiring reduction of the nasal hump and tip refinement, this is an excellent approach and can give excellent results. Closed rhinoplasty is more difficult to perform and learn ..
7How long after septoplasty Can I breathe?
1–2 days Your nose will feel sore, and much more stuffy than it did before the operation. Once the dressings are removed from your nose, you may still need to breathe through your mouth for a week or so.
8What is open Septorhinoplasty?
Together in health. Open Septorhinoplasty Post-Operative Instructions. An open septorhinoplasty (OSR) is performed to correct not only the deviated septum and to improve airflow, but also to improve the appearance of the nose.
9Is deviated septum surgery dangerous?
As with any major surgery, septoplasty carries risks, such as bleeding, infection and an adverse reaction to the anesthetic. Other possible risks specific to septoplasty include: Persistence in previous symptoms, such as nasal obstruction, despite surgery. Excessive bleeding
10Does septoplasty change your nose shape?
The nasal septum contributes to the shape of the nose in many ways like it's height, length and position in the midline. And if septoplasty is extended to vary its' dimensions it can grossly contribute to the improvement of the shape of the nose and would truly be called septo-rhinoplasty.

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