Gender reassignment surgery male to female

Gender reassignment surgery male to female

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Sex Reassignment Surgery in Iran (Male to Female)

Plan your treatment in Iran with Iranian Surgery Company. Iranian Surgery is a medical tourism company in Iran that cooperates with the best surgeons, specialists and hospitals in Iran and offers world-class treatments at an affordable cost.

Iran is the most popular overseas destination for patients seeking sex-reassignment surgery. Iran is the only Muslim country in the Persian Gulf region that gives trans citizens the right to have their gender identity recognized by the law and The founder of the Islamic Republic, Ayatollah Khomeini, passed a fatwa [a ruling on a point of Islamic law given by a recognized authority] in 1986 declaring Sex/gender Reassignment Surgery in Iran and hormone-replacement therapy religiously acceptable as medical procedures.

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If you decide to have a Sex Reassignment Surgery in Iran, reading this article can improve your knowledge about cost of Sex Reassignment Surgery in Iran to a great extent and help you to choose the best city and hospital to undergo Sex Reassignment Surgery in Iran.

In this article we provide you with a comprehensive description of Sex Reassignment Surgery in Iran and the cost of Sex Reassignment Surgery in Iran.

How much does Sex Reassignment Surgery cost in Iran?

The cost for male-to-female reassignment surgery can be more than $25,000 in many countries while the cost of male-to-female reassignment surgery in Iran is around $ 7000_9000

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General information about Sex Reassignment Surgery (M-F) in Iran

The following table describes general information about Sex Reassignment Surgery in Iran including Sex Reassignment Surgery cost in Iran, recovery time, and to name but a few.

General Information  
Cost $ 11000-13000
Anesthesia General
Hospital Stay 3 Days
Back to Work 4-6 Weeks
Duration of Operation 2-3 Hours
Minimum Stay in Iran 10-14 Days

What is Sex Reassignment Surgery?

Sex Reassignment Surgery (SRS) in Iran is known by a variety of names, including gender reassignment surgery (GRS), sex change surgery, sex affirmation procedures, and genital reconstruction surgery. These procedures, which are known clinically as genitoplasty procedures, are done to surgically change the genitalia from one gender to another. That is, Sex Reassignment Surgery is performed to transition individuals with gender dysphoria to their desired gender.

For most patients undergoing SRS, the surgery is performed in order to match their physical gender with what they feel emotionally and intuitively is their true gender. This condition, known as gender dysphoria or gender identity disorder, is rare but becoming more widely diagnosed.

People with gender dysphoria often feel that they were born in the wrong gender. A biological male may identify more as a female and vice versa.

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Before Sex Reassignment Surgery

Before Sex Reassignment Surgery (Male to Female)

. Gender identification is the first, most essential part of the procedure. The Trans person has to identify themselves as belonging to either of the 2 sexes and hence undergo the procedure in order to become more like that sex to maximum possibility. The identification can be done by themselves after reaching a certain mental maturity or should be done by the doctors even when the Trans babies are born. Many healthcare providers require patients to be formally diagnosed with gender dysphoria and undergo counseling to determine if they are truly ready to surgically transition.

. Patients usually undergo hormone therapy first. Hormones can suppress the secondary sex characteristics of the biological gender and make them appear more like their desired sex. For instance, women take androgens and start developing facial hair. Men take estrogens and anti-androgens to look more feminine.

. At the very start, when the Trans person first goes to consultation, he/she has to introspect within themselves and be doubtlessly sure that they want to undergo the procedure as a procedure like vaginoplasty is irreversible. A person entering into such a procedure without appropriate forethought, will be emotionally and psychologically overwhelmed after.

. Like all other major surgeries, this surgery too demands a decent medical history and the surgeons will be very sure to ask for it.

. The patient will have to quit smoking a few weeks prior to surgery as nicotine slows down the recovery. Patients needing nipple grafts should not consider smoking at all as nipple tissue is extremely sensitive to Nicotine and the graft might get rejected otherwise.

. Surgeons may also require that patients live as their desired gender for at least one year. A man might dress as a woman traditionally does in the culture. Many men change their names and refer to themselves with female pronouns. Women transitioning to men would do the reverse.

. Not all people with gender dysphoria have surgery. Some feel comfortable living as the opposite gender without medical intervention. Others find that hormone therapy is sufficient for their personal needs.

What is Gender dysphoria?

Gender dysphoria is a condition where a person experiences discomfort or distress because there’s a mismatch between their biological sex and gender identity. It’s sometimes known as gender incongruence.

Biological sex is assigned at birth, depending on the appearance of the genitals. Gender identity is the gender that a person “identifies” with or feels themselves to be.

While biological sex and gender identity are the same for most people, this isn’t the case for everyone. For example, some people may have the anatomy of a man, but identify themselves as a woman, while others may not feel they’re definitively either male or female.

This mismatch between sex and gender identity can lead to distressing and uncomfortable feelings that are called gender dysphoria. Gender dysphoria is a recognised medical condition, for which treatment is sometimes appropriate. It’s not a mental illness.

Some people with gender dysphoria have a strong and persistent desire to live according to their gender identity, rather than their biological sex. These people are sometimes called transsexual or Trans people. Some Trans people have treatment to make their physical appearance more consistent with their gender identity.

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What causes gender dysphoria?

Gender development is complex and there are many possible variations that cause a mismatch between a person’s biological sex and their gender identity, making the exact cause of gender dysphoria unclear.

Occasionally, the hormones that trigger the development of biological sex may not work properly on the brain, reproductive organs and genitals, causing differences between them. This may be caused by:

. Additional hormones in the mother’s system – possibly as a result of taking medication

. The foetus’ insensitivity to the hormones, known as androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) – when this happens, gender dysphoria may be caused by hormones not working properly in the womb.

Gender dysphoria may also be the result of other rare conditions, such as:

. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) – where a high level of male hormones are produced in a female foetus. This causes the genitals to become more male in appearance and, in some cases, the baby may be thought to be biologically male when she is born.

. Intersex conditions – which cause babies to be born with the genitalia of both sexes (or ambiguous genitalia). Parents are recommended to wait until the child can choose their own gender identity before any surgery is carried out.

Who are the ideal Candidates for Sex Reassignment Surgery?

. The patient must have good Body Mass Index. Their weight divided by the square of their height should give a value between 20 and 25. Being overweight won’t necessarily exclude a person from surgery, but a stable weight category definitely helps as the excess fat tissue in and around the operating area of the patient’s body only adds to the surgeon’s troubles.

. The patient must not have any sort of a bleeding disorder, high cholesterol, high BP, obesity, arthritis, diabetes, severe allergies, coronary and pulmonary diseases and severe depression.

. The patient needs to have a positive outlook and realistic expectations as no surgery is perfect. For example, many people who undergo Surgeries involving the Breast tissue start regretting it a few weeks after the surgery seeing the red, swollen area but they must understand that all this will eventually pass.

Who should avoid a Sex Reassignment Surgery?

Sex Reassignment Surgery is not ideal for you, if:

. You’re under 18 or above 60 year of age

. You’re under mental stress and are deemed incapable of making the right decision by a doctor

. Your therapist does not recommend you to undergo the surgery

. Your gender identity is too strong to change as can be determined by your therapist/doctor

What are the advantages of Sex Reassignment Surgery?

. A patient who undergoes a sex reassignment procedure is able to enjoy her sexual life in the future as s/he does not have to deal with the mental stress of being in the wrong body.

. Finding the right doctor and getting the desired treatment can lead to psychological happiness for the patient.

. With medical tourism rising, the treatment is cheap in a few noted destinations.

. After the sex reassignment surgery, the patients are usually found to be less gender dysphoric. There have less anxiety levels, depression levels etc.  than before.

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Risks and Complications

A sex reassignment surgery is a major procedure that comes with significant risks. All patients are informed of these risks prior to the surgery. Apart from medical risks, the surgery also has some limitations, which should also be explained in detail to the patient before he or she provides consent for the surgery and all preceding treatments involved.

Some of the risks of the sex change procedure are due to the hormone therapy itself. These include:

. High blood pressure

. Sleep apnea

. Heart disease

. Tumors affecting the pituitary gland

. Infertility

. Uncontrolled weight gain

. High levels of liver enzymes

. Blood clots

. Anxiety

. Feelings of uncertainty and confusion

Thus, people undergoing hormone therapy need to be constantly supervised by a medical professional, especially during the first months of the process, so that the effects of the hormones can be properly monitored.

Also, patients undergoing either hormone therapy or sex change surgery will benefit from ongoing counseling or continuous visits to their endocrinologist, a medical specialist focusing on the body’s hormones.

Also, it is important for patients to understand that the decision to pursue sex change surgery is a major and, in many cases, irreversible, so it should not be made lightly. The decision of the patient should be backed by the surgeon or psychologist handling his or her case. This is the reason why patients are required to undergo at least 12 months of hormone therapy before they are allowed to undergo a sex change surgery.

The surgery itself comes with the following risks, which depend on whether the patient is a male transitioning to female, or vice versa.

For men who are changing into women, the risks involve:

. Death of the tissue that is used to create the vagina and vulva; this tissue is usually taken from the scrotum and penis

. Fistulas, which are abnormal connections between the vagina and the bladder or the bowels

. Narrowing of the urethra, which, in severe cases, can obstruct urine flow and increase a person’s risk of kidney damage. There’s no guarantee that fertility will return to normal if hormones are stopped.

During Sex Reassignment Surgery (Male to Female)

During Procedure

The procedures that change male genitalia to female genitalia include a penectomy (removal of penis) and orchiectomy (removal of the testes), which are typically followed by a vaginoplasty (creation of the vagina) or a feminizing genitoplasty (creation of female genitalia).

For those born male and transitioning to female, there may also be procedures that include breast implants, gluteoplasty to increase buttock volume,

A procedure to minimize the appearance of the Adam’s apple, and possibly, feminizing hormones. Facial feminization surgery (FFS) is often done to soften the more masculine lines of the face. Each patient is unique and the procedures that are done are based on the individual need and budget, but facial feminization often includes softening the brow line, rhinoplasty (nose job), smoothing the jaw and forehead, and altering the cheek bones. For some, a chondrolaryngoplasty, commonly known as a “tracheal shave,” can help reduce the prominence of the Adam’s apple.

Treatment for adult

Adults with gender dysphoria should be referred to a specialist adult GIC. As with specialist children and young people GICs, these clinics can offer ongoing assessments, treatments, support and advice, including:

. Mental health support, such as counselling

. Cross-sex hormone treatment

. Speech and language therapy – to help alter your voice, to sound more typical of your gender identity.

. Hair removal treatments, particularly facial hair

. Peer support groups, to meet other people with gender dysphoria

. Relatives’ support groups, for your family

For some people, support and advice from a clinic are all they need to feel comfortable in their gender identity. Others will need more extensive treatment, such as a full transition to the opposite sex. The amount of treatment you have is completely up to you.

Hormone therapy

Hormone therapy for adults means taking the hormones of your preferred gender:

. A Trans woman (male to female) will take oestrogen (feminising hormones)

The aim of hormone therapy is to make you more comfortable with yourself, both in terms of physical appearance and how you feel. These hormones start the process of changing your body into one that is more female or more male, depending on your gender identity. They usually need to be taken indefinitely, even if you have genital reconstructive surgery.

Hormone therapy may be all the treatment you need to enable you to live with your gender dysphoria. The hormones may improve how you feel and mean that you don’t need to start living in your preferred gender or have surgery.

Changes in Trans women

If you’re a Trans woman, changes that you may notice from hormone therapy include:

. Your penis and testicles getting smaller

. Less muscle

. More fat on your hips

. Your breasts becoming lumpy and increasing in size slightly

. Less facial and body hair

Hormone therapy won’t affect the voice of a Trans woman. To make the voice higher, Trans women will need voice therapy and, rarely, voice modifying surgery.


Once you’ve completed your social gender role transition and you and your care team feels you’re ready, you may decide to have surgery to permanently alter your sex.

The most common options are discussed below, but you can talk to members of your team and the surgeon at your consultation about the full range available.

Trans woman surgery

For Trans women, surgery may involve:

. An orchidectomy (removal of the testes)

. A penectomy (removal of the penis)

. Vaginoplasty (construction of a vagina)

. Vulvoplasty (construction of the vulva)

. Clitoroplasty (construction of a clitoris with sensation)

. Breast implants

. Facial feminisation surgery (surgery to make your face a more feminine shape)

The vagina is usually created and lined with skin from the penis, with tissue from the scrotum (the sack that holds the testes) used to create the labia. The urethra (urine tube) is shortened and repositioned. In some cases, a piece of bowel may be used during a vaginoplasty if hormone therapy has caused the penis and scrotum to shrink a significant amount.

The aim of this type of surgery is to create a functioning vagina with an acceptable appearance and retained sexual sensation.

Some Trans women can’t have a full vaginoplasty for medical reasons, or they may not want to have a functioning vagina. In such cases, a cosmetic vulvoplasty and clitoroplasty is an option, as well as removing the testes and penis.

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After Sex Reassignment Surgery (Male to Female)

Post-operative Care for SRS (Male to Female)

. After 3 days in the hospital for the surgery, for the recovery time, the patient has to stay in the area for 10 to 12 days.

. The patient can perform light work in 4 to 6 weeks. Strenuous work and exercise can begin by 6 to 8 weeks.

. Dilation (stretching the vagina walls periodically) should be done as per the surgeon’s after care instructions, with a frequency of twice a week till 13 weeks.

. A good dilator that is large and comfortably fits inside the vagina should be used.

. The vagina should be douched (cleaned in a particular way) as per surgeon’s instructions.

. Painkillers according to the surgeon’s prescription should be administered in the different stages of healing after the gender reassignment.

. Activities

You are expected to stay only in your hotel room for sufficient rest and proper healing during the first 2 weeks of recovery after sex reassignment surgery.

Our affiliated hotels routinely offer room service for your breakfast without extra charge throughout your entire stay and we also recommend you use room service for your lunch & dinner during the first 2 weeks of recovery after SRS.

Some light activities inside the hotel, for example taking food at the dining room or chatting at the hotel lobby is possible after 2 week recovery from SRS, however you should ask our nurses if you are already fit enough to do such activities.

. Medication

We offer all necessary medications throughout your recovery in Iran and also home medications taken while recovering in your country without additional charge.

It is necessary to strictly follow our medication instruction and complete the prescribed course of your prophylactic antibiotic therapy.

Potent pain reliever (Narcotic like medication- for example tramadol) is routinely provided to ensure that you are feeling comfortable.

You are not allowed to take Estrogen Hormones during your recovery in Iran because it may put you at risk for DVT (development of blood clots on deep veins of the legs) while taking your flight back home.

You can resume your HRT (Hormonal replacement therapy) as soon as you arrive home. Later on, you can probably reduce your estrogen dose and completely discontinue androgen suppressors, however this delicate adjustment should be taken care of by your hormone specialist.

. Scars never disappear.  It takes about one year for scars to heal completely and during the first few months they are usually pink or reddish and sometimes tender and raised, but between six months and a year they usually become flat, white and soft and are barely visible by 8-12 months after surgery.

Post-operative Diet

. The morning right after surgery liquid diet is recommended.

.A balanced diet that is high in fruits, vegetables and fibre is recommended for the first few weeks after surgery.

.Meat is alright. Cheese should be avoided.

.Smoking should be avoided to speed recovery up.

. Low Sodium Diet should be undergone, as sodium causes water retention.

. Alcohol intake should be kept to a bare minimum the first few weeks. It’s good if the patient doesn’t drink at all.

Life after surgery

After surgery, most Trans women and men are happy with their new sex and feel comfortable with their gender identity. One review of a number of studies that were carried out over a 20-year period found that 96% of people who had genital reconstructive surgery were satisfied.

Despite high levels of personal satisfaction, people who have had genital reconstructive surgery may face prejudice or discrimination because of their condition. Treatment can sometimes leave people feeling:

. Isolated, if they’re not with people who understand what they’re going through

. Stressed about or afraid of not being accepted socially

. Discriminated against at work

There are legal safeguards to protect against discrimination, but other types of prejudice may be harder to deal with. If you’re feeling anxious or depressed since having your treatment, speak to your GP or a healthcare professional at your clinic.

Sex reassignment surgeons

How can I find the best sex reassignment surgeon in Iran?

Sex reassignment surgeons in Iran can help you in making your final decision about sex reassignment Surgery.

It is important that you seek the assistance of experienced and skilled sex reassignment surgeons in Iran who have provided a suitable condition for people with limited budgets to undergo sex change in Iran easily. It is worth explaining that the quality provided by Iranian surgeons is far higher than other countries including Turkey, Thailand and India.

Sex Reassignment Surgery cost (M-F)

How much does Sex Reassignment Surgery cost in Iran?

The cost for male-to-female reassignment surgery can be more than $25,000 in many countries while the cost of male-to-female reassignment surgery in Iran is around $ 11000-13000

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24 Responses

    1. Male menstruation is a term used colloquially for a type of bleeding in the urine, reported in some tropical countries. … An anatomically intersex human who has a functioning menstruating womb but external sexual organs which are on the male side of ambiguous in form. Trans men.

    2. A trans woman can be described as a male-to-female transgender or transsexual person. Transgender women are those who were assigned male at the time of their birth. As they are assigned male at the time of their birth, trans woman does not have ovaries or uterus. During menstruation the lining of the uterus shed and bleed, since there is no uterus, trans woman do not bleed or menstruate. It is not possible for even those trans women who have undergone the through SRS (Sexual Reassignment Surgery, which is a vaginoplasty). To answer the question, no trans woman do not have periods. Trans women also cannot get pregnant. Even though some trans women who are on hormone replacement therapy (HRT), might experience symptoms like soreness, bloating, dizziness, nausea, abdominal cramps and photosensitive migraine, every five weeks, it cannot be termed as a period.

  1. Do you need to live as a woman before getting male to female sax change in Iran, and what information do doctors require to perform operation

    1. After a male change the gender to female,she can’t make any breastfeed nor she will be able to have a child and get pregnant.

  2. Pingback: n.Lucas
    1. should start using your hormones under supervision of your doctor for 6 month then start the surgery process. for more information you can connect to our agents via what’s app on this number +989019290946

    1. hello Johan, Yes we Do sex reassignment surgery for male to female and as a matter of fact we have an amazing history of successfull operations.
      for more information please contact our consultants via what’s app on this number +989019290946

  3. I’m 19 year old transgender who wants to have sex reassignment surgery male to female
    I was wondering if I can use my hormones for 3 months and double the medication dose instead of using it normally for 6 months?

    1. The answer is no and you have to use the medicine and hormones exactly as your doctor has advise
      for more information you can contact our agents via what’s app on this number +989019290946

  4. hello I’m siamak from netherland, I’m a 29year old transgender who wants to change sexuality from. male to female.
    I was wondering if I can take my hormones after surgery and not before that, if you can help me me and my family would be gratefull to you.
    regards siamak

    1. Hello siamak unfortunately you can’t.
      You need to check with your doctor, medical team and surgeon and start taking your hormones 5 to 6 month before surgery depend on your doctors opinion and after that you can have the surgery. for more information you can message our consultants via what’s app on this number +989019290946
      Read more about : Transgender Hormone Therapy Male-to-Female

    1. Hi there. Your question is so general but male-to-female sex reassignment surgery is performed for men who want to change their gender and change the male penis to female genitals. In Iran, there are three types of male-to-female reassignment surgeries that help patients have female genitals: Vaginoplasty, valvuloplasty, orchiectomy

  5. Pingback: Arif
    1. Hello, yes you heard right, SRS is legal in Iran and you are welcome to have your surgeries here. Many surgeries help people change their gender. The act of changing gender from male to female is also possible in various ways. According to the needs and physical conditions of people, there are different options to experience life in a new body. Among the methods of changing gender to become a woman, the following can be mentioned:
      Vaginoplasty, valvoplasty, orchidectomy; breast implants; removing Adam’s apple; voice surgery, and face feminization surgery of body and face.

  6. Do you do gender reassignment? is it legal there? i want the truth. no fals hope. Im trapped in this man body whch is not mine. I have done ht counceling and ready to do the surgery.

    1. Hello. Gender reassignment Surgery from male to female or vice versa is legal in Iran. It is one of the surgeries we offer as our service. If you have taken all the steps before the surgery, as you have mentioned, you can contact our consultants on WhatApp and they will tell you what is your next step. Be brave and we will be with you every step of the way.

    1. Hello. For hormone therapy, you must be under the supervision of a specialist doctor. Hormone therapy for male-to-female gender reassignment can have complications, such as mental illnesses, diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol. Smoking and obesity increase the risk of hormone therapy. Risk factors should be removed as much as possible before starting hormone therapy. You should be able to visit at regular intervals for examinations and necessary tests. Note that prescribing female hormones has potentially dangerous side effects. Administering estrogen together with progesterone increases the risk of heart disease, the risk of breast cancer, the possibility of blood clots in the veins and the risk of stroke, for this reason, instead of prescribing female hormones, anti-male hormones such as spironolactone and cyproterone should be prescribed as much as possible. become

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