Vaginal Reconstruction Surgery

Vaginal Reconstruction Surgery

Vaginal Reconstruction Surgery

Vaginal reconstructive surgery is surgery focusing on the area in and around the vagina to restore function and appearance. Vaginal reconstructive surgery is used to correct anatomic defects or damage to the vaginal area to improve the patient's quality of life.

It can be performed to treat urinary incontinence, to tighten vaginal muscles and get rid of excess tissue, or to reconstruct a new vagina following surgery for vaginal cancer, among other procedures.

Vaginal reconstructive procedures range from major surgery performed under general anesthesia to minimally invasive procedures performed as outpatient surgery.

Several procedures may be included under this umbrella term including:

. Vaginoplasty (tightening of the vagina)

. Labiaplasty (reshaping of the labia)

. Vulvaplasty (reshaping of the vulva)


Vaginoplasty is a procedure to construct or repair a vagina. It treats various medical issues, including vaginal injury due to childbirth and pelvic floor disease complications. It’s also for creating a transgender vagina, which helps individuals achieve their preferred gender identity.

What is vaginoplasty?

Vaginoplasty can mean a lot of different things, but in general, it's a procedure to construct or repair the vagina.

What happens during vaginoplasty?

The details of the procedure depend on your goals or medical needs and include reconstruction or recreation of the vagina using various surgical techniques.

Who needs vaginoplasty?

. Individuals seeking repair of childbirth defects or trauma to improve sexual function.

. Women who need vaginal reconstruction after undergoing radiation or excision of the vagina to treat cancer or other conditions.

. Transgender individuals undergoing gender affirmation surgery.

. Women born with congenital abnormalities (issues present from birth) affecting the development of the vagina.

Is vaginoplasty the same as vaginal rejuvenation?

Vaginoplasty is one type of procedure to improve the vagina’s appearance or function.

Other vaginal rejuvenation procedures include:

. Labiaplasty, which evens out or decreases the size of the labia — the fleshy lobes of the vagina.

. Vulvoplasty, which reshapes the outer part of the vagina.

Vaginoplasty Procedure

What happens before vaginoplasty?

You undergo assessments and testing to prepare for surgery. These tests may include:

. Physical exam to assess your health and learn more about your medical history.

. Patient education about risks, benefits and postsurgical care requirements.

. Recommendations that lower your risk of complications, including quitting smoking.

. For transgender women undergoing vaginoplasty for gender affirmation, specific pre-operative requirements exist including genital hair removal and the need to meet the requirements set by the World Professional Association for Transgender Health.

What happens during vaginoplasty performed for women with childbirth injuries?

When vaginoplasty is done to repair injuries after childbirth, the procedure involves:

. Removing extra skin.

. Using stitches to secure loose tissue in part or the full depth of your vagina.

. Reducing the opening size of the vagina.

Vaginoplasty to repair congenital defects (an issue you’re born with) may include:

. Creating a functional vagina.

. Removing excess tissue or abnormal structures.

. Preventing blood from pooling during menstruation.

What happens during vaginoplasty as part of gender affirmation surgery?

During a vaginoplasty as part of gender affirmation surgery, the male external genitalia are partially removed and reconfigured. The skin of the penis and scrotum are used to create a vaginal canal and labia.

Vaginoplasty Risks

What are the risks and benefits of vaginoplasty for vaginal reconstruction after childbirth?

Risks after vaginoplasty for childbirth injuries can include:

. Dyspareunia (painful intercourse).

. Numbness or loss of sensation.

Benefits after surgery can include:

. Improved sexual satisfaction and self-esteem.

What are the risks and benefits of vaginoplasty for gender affirmation?

One of the main benefits is relief from gender dysphoria. After surgery, individuals achieve better consistency with the gender they identify with. This has enormous benefits on people’s mental health and improves their quality of life.

Risks of vaginoplasty for gender affirmation can include:

. Vaginal stenosis.

. Inadequate depth of the vagina.

. Vesicovaginal fistula (an abnormal connection between the vagina and the urinary tract ) or rectovaginal fistula (an abnormal connection between the vagina and rectum).

. Nerve injury.

. Poor cosmetic result.

What Is Recovery Like After Vaginoplasty?

Recovery may last anywhere from a few weeks to a few months, depending on the extent of surgery. Postsurgical care after vaginoplasty depends on the type of vaginoplasty performed.

Will I need to use a vaginal dilator?

Your healthcare provider may recommend the use of a dilator. This device gently stretches the inside of your vagina in order to maintain the depth and caliber of your vagina. You may or may not need to use a dilator following vaginoplasty.

About Iranian Surgery

Iranian surgery is an online medical tourism platform where you can find the best gynecologists in Iran. The price of Vaginoplasty in Iran can vary according to each individual’s case and will be determined by an in-person assessment with the doctor.

For more information about the cost of Genital Warts in Iran and to schedule an appointment in advance, you can contact Iranian Surgery consultants via WhatsApp number 0098 901 929 0946. This service is completely free.


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