Colon cancer treatment in Iran

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June 29, 2019
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Colon cancer treatment in Iran

Colon cancer treatment in Iran

Frequently asked questions regarding colon cancer treatment in iran:

What are the factors that must be taken into account prior to deciding on a treatment protocol for you?
The right treatment protocol to be chosen depends on several factors including

1. Tumour's size

2. Tumour's stage

3. The health conditions of the patient being treated

4. Side-effects, Possible risks, and cost of the treatment to be

chosen.

What type of colon cancer treatments are available in Iran?

At present, there are many colon cancer treatments in Iran that are employed to cure colon cancer from within. Some of them are:

1. Surgery: Surgery is the best way to deal with colon cancer; it involves a procedure, wherein, the operating surgeon removes only the damaged part of the colon or rectum, one that has a tumour from the body of the patient. The operating surgeon can use a variety of surgical intervention techniques to treat colon cancer that may include,

Bowel Diversion Surgery: This surgery allows the normal movement of intestinal contents to be rerouted out of the body that may include procedures such as ileostomy, colostomy, ileoanal reservoir, and continent ileostomy.
Cryosurgery: This type of surgery involve the use of liquid nitrogen, argon or carbon dioxide to freeze and kill abnormal tissue growth like tumours. This procedure is generally used for treating precancerous lesions or tumours found on the skin.
Radiofrequency Ablation: If your cancer has spread to the liver, this treatment option is tgbdhe best bet for you. This procedure helps in destroying the tumours without eliminating them. The tumour destruction is caused by using high-energy radio waves or electromagnetic microwaves. Also, surgeons can inject a tumour with alcohol or freeze it with a metal probe to kill it.
Laparoscopic Colectomy: This procedure involves the laparoscopic removal of all the parts of your colon.
Polypectomy: This procedure is employed to eradicate the growth of the abnormal collection of tissue from the inner parts of the colon, also called the large intestine.
2. Chemotherapy: In this procedure, the patient is given a variety of drug combinations, either intravenously or orally to treat the pain and slow down the spread of cancer to other parts of the body. As soon as these chemo drugs enter the bloodstream of the patient, it begins killing the cells that are cancerous and have been metastasized to other parts of the body. Having said that, chemotherapy can have severe side-effects such as hair loss, vomiting, fatigue, and mouth sores.

3. Targeted Treatments: Targeted treatments involve a treatment method wherein, the doctor uses drugs to treat the changes occurred in the cells leading to cancer. Since these treatments are used to combat cells that are cancerous, it has fewer side -effects than chemotherapy.

4. Radiation: In this procedure, cancerous cells are annihilated using high-energy waves. This procedure is either used before or after the main line of treatment to reduce the tumour's size or cutting down the risk of a possible relapse. The radiation given in this procedure allows to minimize the pain along with other symptoms of cancer. But, just like every other procedure, this treatment method involves side-effects as well, for example, red, blistered skin, problems with your bowels or bladder, nausea etc.

What is the cost of colon cancer treatment in Iran?

Inran medical facilities are regarded as one of the most preferred medical destinations on a global front at present. Two major contributing factors are
1.Quality
2.Cost.

While the quality of the offered treatments in Iran is top-notch, the cost incurred is within one's reach too. This is why a sea of patients from all over the world seeking complex colon cancer treatment procedures plan to come to Iran.

Cancer treatment cost in iran

The cost of colon cancer treatment procedures in Iran start from $3000
The cost of colon cancer treatment procedures in Iran is almost 30 to 50% lower than that in its developing counterparts.

Are there any cost influencing factors involved?
Yes, indeed. The cost of colon cancer treatment might vary on the basis of many factors that may include, the type of treatment procedure being performed, type of hospital, the operating surgeon's expertise and experience, medications prescribed during and after surgery, other treatments in conjunction with the chosen surgical procedure, and hospital stay period, to name a few.

Symptoms of colon cancer

Signs and symptoms of colon cancer include:

A persistent change in your bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation or a change in the consistency of your stool
Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool
Persistent abdominal discomfort, such as cramps, gas or pain
A feeling that your bowel doesn't empty completely
Weakness or fatigue
Unexplained weight loss
Many people with colon cancer experience no symptoms in the early stages of the disease. When symptoms appear, they'll likely vary, depending on the cancer's size and location in your large intestine.

When to see a doctor
If you notice any persistent symptoms that worry you, make an appointment with your doctor.

Talk with your doctor about when to begin colon cancer screening. Guidelines generally recommend that colon cancer screenings begin around 50. Your doctor may recommend more frequent or earlier screening if you have other risk factors, such as a family history of the disease.

Causes
Doctors aren't certain what causes most colon cancers.

In general, colon cancer begins when healthy cells in the colon develop changes (mutations) in their DNA. A cell's DNA contains a set of instructions that tell a cell what to do.

Healthy cells grow and divide in an orderly way to keep your body functioning normally. But when a cell's DNA is damaged and becomes cancerous, cells continue to divide — even when new cells aren't needed. As the cells accumulate, they form a tumor.

With time, the cancer cells can grow to invade and destroy normal tissue nearby. And cancerous cells can travel to other parts of the body to form deposits there (metastasis).

Risk factors of colon cancer

Factors that may increase your risk of colon cancer include:

Older age. Colon cancer can be diagnosed at any age, but a majority of people with colon cancer are older than 50. The rates of colon cancer in people younger than 50 have been increasing, but doctors aren't sure why.

African-American race. African-Americans have a greater risk of colon cancer than do people of other races.
A personal history of colorectal cancer or polyps. If you've already had colon cancer or noncancerous colon polyps, you have a greater risk of colon cancer in the future.
Inflammatory intestinal conditions. Chronic inflammatory diseases of the colon, such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, can increase your risk of colon cancer.
Inherited syndromes that increase colon cancer risk. Some gene mutations passed through generations of your family can increase your risk of colon cancer significantly. Only a small percentage of colon cancers are linked to inherited genes. The most common inherited syndromes that increase colon cancer risk are familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and Lynch syndrome, which is also known as hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC).

Family history of colon cancer. You're more likely to develop colon cancer if you have a blood relative who has had the disease. If more than one family member has colon cancer or rectal cancer, your risk is even greater.
Low-fiber, high-fat diet. Colon cancer and rectal cancer may be associated with a typical Western diet, which is low in fiber and high in fat and calories. Research in this area has had mixed results. Some studies have found an increased risk of colon cancer in people who eat diets high in red meat and processed meat.
A sedentary lifestyle. People who are inactive are more likely to develop colon cancer. Getting regular physical activity may reduce your risk of colon cancer.

Diabetes. People with diabetes or insulin resistance have an increased risk of colon cancer.

Obesity. People who are obese have an increased risk of colon cancer and an increased risk of dying of colon cancer when compared with people considered normal weight.

Smoking. People who smoke may have an increased risk of colon cancer.

Alcohol. Heavy use of alcohol increases your risk of colon cancer.

Radiation therapy for cancer. Radiation therapy directed at the abdomen to treat previous cancers increases the risk of colon cancer.

Prevention


Screening colon cancer


Doctors recommend that people with an average risk of colon cancer consider colon cancer screening around age 50. But people with an increased risk, such as those with a family history of colon cancer, should consider screening sooner.

Several screening options exist — each with its own benefits and drawbacks. Talk about your options with your doctor, and together you can decide which tests are appropriate for you.

Lifestyle changes to reduce your risk of colon cancer:

You can take steps to reduce your risk of colon cancer by making changes in your everyday life. Take steps to:

Eat a variety of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Fruits, vegetables and whole grains contain vitamins, minerals, fiber and antioxidants, which may play a role in cancer prevention. Choose a variety of fruits and vegetables so that you get an array of vitamins and nutrients.
Drink alcohol in moderation, if at all. If you choose to drink alcohol, limit the amount of alcohol you drink to no more than one drink a day for women and two for men.
Stop smoking. Talk to your doctor about ways to quit that may work for you.
Exercise most days of the week.
Try to get at least 30 minutes of exercise on most days. If you've been inactive, start slowly and build up gradually to 30 minutes. Also, talk to your doctor before starting any exercise program.
Maintain a healthy weight. If you are at a healthy weight, work to maintain your weight by combining a healthy diet with daily exercise. If you need to lose weight, ask your doctor about healthy ways to achieve your goal. Aim to lose weight slowly by increasing the amount of exercise you get and reducing the number of calories you eat.
Colon cancer prevention for people with a high risk
Some medications have been found to reduce the risk of precancerous polyps or colon cancer. For instance, some evidence links a reduced risk of polyps and colon cancer to regular use of aspirin or aspirin-like drugs. But it's not clear what dose and what length of time would be needed to reduce the risk of colon cancer. Taking aspirin daily has some risks, including gastrointestinal bleeding and ulcers.

These options are generally reserved for people with a high risk of colon cancer. There isn't enough evidence to recommend these medications to people who have an average risk of colon cancer.

1What are the early warning signs of colon cancer?
Signs and symptoms of colon cancer include: A persistent change in your bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation or a change in the consistency of your stool. Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool. Persistent abdominal discomfort, such as cramps, gas or pain. A feeling that your bowel doesn't empty completely.
2How long do you live if you have colon cancer?
This means that about 14% of people with stage IV colon cancer are likely to still be alive 5 years after they are diagnosed. But you're not a number. No one, including your doctor, can tell you exactly how long you'll live.
3Can you survive colon cancer?
Stage I cancers have a survival rate of 80-95 percent. Stage II tumors have survival rates ranging from 55 to 80 percent. A stage III colon cancer has about a 40 percent chance of cure and a patient with a stage IV tumor has only a 10 percent chance of a cure.
4What is colon cancer pain like?
Small-caliber (narrow) or ribbon-like stools. Constipation. Sensation of incomplete evacuation after a bowel movement. Rectal pain: Pain rarely occurs with colon cancer and usually indicates a bulky tumor in the rectum that may invade surrounding tissue after moving through the colon's submucosa
5What color is the blood when you have colon cancer?
4. Blood in Stool. A warning sign for colon or rectal cancer is blood in the stool. Sometimes you may notice bright red spots, and other times it may not be visible to the naked eye.
6Where is the first place colon cancer spreads?
Cancer can also spread "locally," through the lymph nodes and bloodstream. Colon cancer most often spreads to the liver, lungs, and peritoneum (the lining of the abdomen).
7What foods cure colon cancer?
How do I make the best food choices throughout cancer treatment? Maintain a healthy weight. Eat small, frequent meals throughout the day. Choose protein-rich foods. Include whole grains. Eat a variety of fruits and vegetables every day. Choose sources of healthy fat. Limit sweets and added sugars. Stay hydrated.
8How long can you live with untreated colon cancer?
For example, if the 5-year relative survival rate for a specific stage of colon or rectal cancer is 80%, it means that people who have that cancer are, on average, about 80% as likely as people who don't have that cancer to live for at least 5 years after being diagnosed.
9What is the youngest age for colon cancer?
Although any person of any age can be diagnosed with colon cancer, 90 percent of colon cancer is discovered in individuals aged 50 or older. Therefore, being over the age of 50 is considered a risk factor for colon cancer.
10What are the signs that you should have a colonoscopy?
Colorectal Cancer: Symptoms and Signs A change in bowel habits. Diarrhea, constipation, or feeling that the bowel does not empty completely. Bright red or very dark blood in the stool. Stools that look narrower or thinner than normal. Discomfort in the abdomen, including frequent gas pains, bloating, fullness, and cramps. Weight loss with no known explanation.

consultation in iran

Colon cancer treatment in Iran

Frequently asked questions regarding colon cancer treatment in iran:

What are the factors that must be taken into account prior to deciding on a treatment protocol for you?
The right treatment protocol to be chosen depends on several factors including

1. Tumour’s size

2. Tumour’s stage

3. The health conditions of the patient being treated

4. Side-effects, Possible risks, and cost of the treatment to be

chosen.

What type of colon cancer treatments are available in Iran?

At present, there are many colon cancer treatments in Iran that are employed to cure colon cancer from within. Some of them are:

1. Surgery: Surgery is the best way to deal with colon cancer; it involves a procedure, wherein, the operating surgeon removes only the damaged part of the colon or rectum, one that has a tumour from the body of the patient. The operating surgeon can use a variety of surgical intervention techniques to treat colon cancer that may include,

Bowel Diversion Surgery: This surgery allows the normal movement of intestinal contents to be rerouted out of the body that may include procedures such as ileostomy, colostomy, ileoanal reservoir, and continent ileostomy.
Cryosurgery: This type of surgery involve the use of liquid nitrogen, argon or carbon dioxide to freeze and kill abnormal tissue growth like tumours. This procedure is generally used for treating precancerous lesions or tumours found on the skin.
Radiofrequency Ablation: If your cancer has spread to the liver, this treatment option is tgbdhe best bet for you. This procedure helps in destroying the tumours without eliminating them. The tumour destruction is caused by using high-energy radio waves or electromagnetic microwaves. Also, surgeons can inject a tumour with alcohol or freeze it with a metal probe to kill it.
Laparoscopic Colectomy: This procedure involves the laparoscopic removal of all the parts of your colon.
Polypectomy: This procedure is employed to eradicate the growth of the abnormal collection of tissue from the inner parts of the colon, also called the large intestine.
2. Chemotherapy: In this procedure, the patient is given a variety of drug combinations, either intravenously or orally to treat the pain and slow down the spread of cancer to other parts of the body. As soon as these chemo drugs enter the bloodstream of the patient, it begins killing the cells that are cancerous and have been metastasized to other parts of the body. Having said that, chemotherapy can have severe side-effects such as hair loss, vomiting, fatigue, and mouth sores.

3. Targeted Treatments: Targeted treatments involve a treatment method wherein, the doctor uses drugs to treat the changes occurred in the cells leading to cancer. Since these treatments are used to combat cells that are cancerous, it has fewer side -effects than chemotherapy.

4. Radiation: In this procedure, cancerous cells are annihilated using high-energy waves. This procedure is either used before or after the main line of treatment to reduce the tumour’s size or cutting down the risk of a possible relapse. The radiation given in this procedure allows to minimize the pain along with other symptoms of cancer. But, just like every other procedure, this treatment method involves side-effects as well, for example, red, blistered skin, problems with your bowels or bladder, nausea etc.

What is the cost of colon cancer treatment in Iran?

Inran medical facilities are regarded as one of the most preferred medical destinations on a global front at present. Two major contributing factors are
1.Quality
2.Cost.

While the quality of the offered treatments in Iran is top-notch, the cost incurred is within one’s reach too. This is why a sea of patients from all over the world seeking complex colon cancer treatment procedures plan to come to Iran.

Cancer treatment cost in iran

The cost of colon cancer treatment procedures in Iran start from $3000
The cost of colon cancer treatment procedures in Iran is almost 30 to 50% lower than that in its developing counterparts.

Are there any cost influencing factors involved?
Yes, indeed. The cost of colon cancer treatment might vary on the basis of many factors that may include, the type of treatment procedure being performed, type of hospital, the operating surgeon’s expertise and experience, medications prescribed during and after surgery, other treatments in conjunction with the chosen surgical procedure, and hospital stay period, to name a few.

Symptoms of colon cancer

Signs and symptoms of colon cancer include:

A persistent change in your bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation or a change in the consistency of your stool
Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool
Persistent abdominal discomfort, such as cramps, gas or pain
A feeling that your bowel doesn’t empty completely
Weakness or fatigue
Unexplained weight loss
Many people with colon cancer experience no symptoms in the early stages of the disease. When symptoms appear, they’ll likely vary, depending on the cancer’s size and location in your large intestine.

When to see a doctor
If you notice any persistent symptoms that worry you, make an appointment with your doctor.

Talk with your doctor about when to begin colon cancer screening. Guidelines generally recommend that colon cancer screenings begin around 50. Your doctor may recommend more frequent or earlier screening if you have other risk factors, such as a family history of the disease.

Causes
Doctors aren’t certain what causes most colon cancers.

In general, colon cancer begins when healthy cells in the colon develop changes (mutations) in their DNA. A cell’s DNA contains a set of instructions that tell a cell what to do.

Healthy cells grow and divide in an orderly way to keep your body functioning normally. But when a cell’s DNA is damaged and becomes cancerous, cells continue to divide — even when new cells aren’t needed. As the cells accumulate, they form a tumor.

With time, the cancer cells can grow to invade and destroy normal tissue nearby. And cancerous cells can travel to other parts of the body to form deposits there (metastasis).

Risk factors of colon cancer

Factors that may increase your risk of colon cancer include:

Older age. Colon cancer can be diagnosed at any age, but a majority of people with colon cancer are older than 50. The rates of colon cancer in people younger than 50 have been increasing, but doctors aren’t sure why.

African-American race. African-Americans have a greater risk of colon cancer than do people of other races.
A personal history of colorectal cancer or polyps. If you’ve already had colon cancer or noncancerous colon polyps, you have a greater risk of colon cancer in the future.
Inflammatory intestinal conditions. Chronic inflammatory diseases of the colon, such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease, can increase your risk of colon cancer.
Inherited syndromes that increase colon cancer risk. Some gene mutations passed through generations of your family can increase your risk of colon cancer significantly. Only a small percentage of colon cancers are linked to inherited genes. The most common inherited syndromes that increase colon cancer risk are familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and Lynch syndrome, which is also known as hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC).

Family history of colon cancer. You’re more likely to develop colon cancer if you have a blood relative who has had the disease. If more than one family member has colon cancer or rectal cancer, your risk is even greater.
Low-fiber, high-fat diet. Colon cancer and rectal cancer may be associated with a typical Western diet, which is low in fiber and high in fat and calories. Research in this area has had mixed results. Some studies have found an increased risk of colon cancer in people who eat diets high in red meat and processed meat.
A sedentary lifestyle. People who are inactive are more likely to develop colon cancer. Getting regular physical activity may reduce your risk of colon cancer.

Diabetes. People with diabetes or insulin resistance have an increased risk of colon cancer.

Obesity. People who are obese have an increased risk of colon cancer and an increased risk of dying of colon cancer when compared with people considered normal weight.

Smoking. People who smoke may have an increased risk of colon cancer.

Alcohol. Heavy use of alcohol increases your risk of colon cancer.

Radiation therapy for cancer. Radiation therapy directed at the abdomen to treat previous cancers increases the risk of colon cancer.

Prevention

Screening colon cancer

Doctors recommend that people with an average risk of colon cancer consider colon cancer screening around age 50. But people with an increased risk, such as those with a family history of colon cancer, should consider screening sooner.

Several screening options exist — each with its own benefits and drawbacks. Talk about your options with your doctor, and together you can decide which tests are appropriate for you.

Lifestyle changes to reduce your risk of colon cancer:

You can take steps to reduce your risk of colon cancer by making changes in your everyday life. Take steps to:

Eat a variety of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Fruits, vegetables and whole grains contain vitamins, minerals, fiber and antioxidants, which may play a role in cancer prevention. Choose a variety of fruits and vegetables so that you get an array of vitamins and nutrients.
Drink alcohol in moderation, if at all. If you choose to drink alcohol, limit the amount of alcohol you drink to no more than one drink a day for women and two for men.
Stop smoking. Talk to your doctor about ways to quit that may work for you.
Exercise most days of the week.
Try to get at least 30 minutes of exercise on most days. If you’ve been inactive, start slowly and build up gradually to 30 minutes. Also, talk to your doctor before starting any exercise program.
Maintain a healthy weight. If you are at a healthy weight, work to maintain your weight by combining a healthy diet with daily exercise. If you need to lose weight, ask your doctor about healthy ways to achieve your goal. Aim to lose weight slowly by increasing the amount of exercise you get and reducing the number of calories you eat.
Colon cancer prevention for people with a high risk
Some medications have been found to reduce the risk of precancerous polyps or colon cancer. For instance, some evidence links a reduced risk of polyps and colon cancer to regular use of aspirin or aspirin-like drugs. But it’s not clear what dose and what length of time would be needed to reduce the risk of colon cancer. Taking aspirin daily has some risks, including gastrointestinal bleeding and ulcers.

These options are generally reserved for people with a high risk of colon cancer. There isn’t enough evidence to recommend these medications to people who have an average risk of colon cancer.

What are the early warning signs of colon cancer?:
Signs and symptoms of colon cancer include:
A persistent change in your bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation or a change in the consistency of your stool.
Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool.
Persistent abdominal discomfort, such as cramps, gas or pain.
A feeling that your bowel doesn’t empty completely.

How long do you live if you have colon cancer?: This means that about 14% of people with stage IV colon cancer are likely to still be alive 5 years after they are diagnosed. But you’re not a number. No one, including your doctor, can tell you exactly how long you’ll live.

Can you survive colon cancer?: Stage I cancers have a survival rate of 80-95 percent. Stage II tumors have survival rates ranging from 55 to 80 percent. A stage III colon cancer has about a 40 percent chance of cure and a patient with a stage IV tumor has only a 10 percent chance of a cure.

What is colon cancer pain like?: Small-caliber (narrow) or ribbon-like stools. Constipation. Sensation of incomplete evacuation after a bowel movement. Rectal pain: Pain rarely occurs with colon cancer and usually indicates a bulky tumor in the rectum that may invade surrounding tissue after moving through the colon’s submucosa

What color is the blood when you have colon cancer?: 4. Blood in Stool. A warning sign for colon or rectal cancer is blood in the stool. Sometimes you may notice bright red spots, and other times it may not be visible to the naked eye.

Where is the first place colon cancer spreads?: Cancer can also spread “locally,” through the lymph nodes and bloodstream. Colon cancer most often spreads to the liver, lungs, and peritoneum (the lining of the abdomen).

What foods cure colon cancer?: How do I make the best food choices throughout cancer treatment?
Maintain a healthy weight.
Eat small, frequent meals throughout the day.
Choose protein-rich foods.
Include whole grains.
Eat a variety of fruits and vegetables every day.
Choose sources of healthy fat.
Limit sweets and added sugars.
Stay hydrated.

How long can you live with untreated colon cancer?: For example, if the 5-year relative survival rate for a specific stage of colon or rectal cancer is 80%, it means that people who have that cancer are, on average, about 80% as likely as people who don’t have that cancer to live for at least 5 years after being diagnosed.

What is the youngest age for colon cancer?: Although any person of any age can be diagnosed with colon cancer, 90 percent of colon cancer is discovered in individuals aged 50 or older. Therefore, being over the age of 50 is considered a risk factor for colon cancer.

What are the signs that you should have a colonoscopy?: Colorectal Cancer: Symptoms and Signs
A change in bowel habits.
Diarrhea, constipation, or feeling that the bowel does not empty completely.
Bright red or very dark blood in the stool.
Stools that look narrower or thinner than normal.
Discomfort in the abdomen, including frequent gas pains, bloating, fullness, and cramps.
Weight loss with no known explanation.

consultation in iran

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