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Anal cancer treatment in iran

anal cancer treatment in iran

Anal cancer is an uncommon type of cancer that occurs in the anal canal. The anal canal is a short tube at the end of your rectum through which stool leaves your body.

Anal cancer can cause signs and symptoms such as rectal bleeding and anal pain.

Most people with anal cancer are treated with a combination of chemotherapy and radiation. Though combining anal cancer treatments increases the chance of a cure, the combined treatments also increase the risk of side effects.

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Symptoms

Anal cancer signs and symptoms include:

  • Bleeding from the anus or rectum
  • Pain in the area of the anus
  • A mass or growth in the anal canal
  • Anal itching

When to see a doctor

Talk to your doctor about any signs and symptoms that bother you, especially if you have any factors that increase your risk of anal cancer.

Causes

Anal cancer forms when a genetic mutation turns normal, healthy cells into abnormal cells. Healthy cells grow and multiply at a set rate, eventually dying at a set time. Abnormal cells grow and multiply out of control, and they don't die. The accumulating abnormal cells form a mass (tumor). Cancer cells invade nearby tissues and can separate from an initial tumor to spread elsewhere in the body (metastasize).

Anal cancer is closely related to a sexually transmitted infection called human papillomavirus (HPV). Evidence of HPV is detected in the majority of anal cancers. HPV is thought to be the most common cause of anal cancers.

iranian surgery Risk factors

Several factors have been found to increase the risk of anal cancer, including:

  • Older age. Most cases of anal cancer occur in people age 50 and older.
  • Many sexual partners. People who have many sexual partners over their lifetimes have a greater risk of anal cancer.
  • Anal sex. People who engage in anal sex have an increased risk of anal cancer.
  • Smoking. Smoking cigarettes may increase your risk of anal cancer.
  • History of cancer. Those who have had cervical, vulvar or vaginal cancer have an increased risk of anal cancer.
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV infection increases your risk of several cancers, including anal cancer and cervical cancer. HPV infection is a sexually transmitted infection that can also cause genital warts.
  • Drugs or conditions that suppress your immune system. People who take drugs to suppress their immune systems (immunosuppressive drugs), including people who have received organ transplants, may have an increased risk of anal cancer. HIV — the virus that causes AIDS — suppresses the immune system and increases the risk of anal cancer.

Complications

Anal cancer rarely spreads (metastasizes) to distant parts of the body. Only a small percentage of tumors are found to have spread, but those that do are especially difficult to treat. Anal cancer that metastasizes most commonly spreads to the liver and the lungs.

Prevention

There is no sure way to prevent anal cancer. In order to reduce your risk of anal cancer:

  • Practice safer sex. Abstaining from sex or practicing safe sex may help prevent HPV and HIV, two sexually transmitted viruses that may increase your risk of anal cancer. If you choose to have anal sex, use condoms.
  • Get vaccinated against HPV. Two vaccines — Gardasil and Cervarix — are given to protect against HPV infection. Both boys and girls can be vaccinated against HPV.
  • Stop smoking. Smoking increases your risk of anal cancer. Don't start smoking. Stop if you currently smoke.
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Anal cancer treatment Iran

There are different types of anal cancer treatment and depends on many factors. The location, type and stage of cancer of the tumour are significant. After the cancer is found and staged, your doctor will talk to you about the various treatment options available. A key part of the anal cancer treatment is saving the anal sphincter muscles so that you have control on the bowel and has less impact on the overall quality of life.

According to iranian hospitals offering anal cancer treatment, the chances of recovery depends on the following:

The size of the tumour.
The location of the tumour in the anus.
Whether the cancer has spread to lymph nodes or not.
In Iran, anal cancer treatment through Cancer Healer therapy is a type of Immunotherapy that uses the body’s immune system to fight cancer without any major side effects. The way the therapy is given depends on the type and stage of the cancer being treated. Cancer Healer Team plans the anal cancer treatment by taking several factors in consideration, including:

Type and size of the cancer
Spread of the cancer
General health of the patient
This therapy can also be given in conjunction with other traditional therapies like Chemotherapy and Radiation therapy overcoming their side effects. While choosing the best anal cancer treatment for you, our team will take into consideration your age, your overall health and your personal preferences.

10 common question about anal cancer

1Is anal cancer curable?
Most people with anal cancer are treated with a combination of chemotherapy and radiation. Though combining anal cancer treatments increases the chance of a cure, the combined treatments also increase the risk of side effects.
2What are the symptoms of anal cancer?
Important symptoms of anal cancer include: Rectal bleeding. Rectal itching. A lump or mass at the anal opening. Pain or a feeling of fullness in the anal area. Narrowing of stool or other changes in bowel movements. Abnormal discharge from the anus. Swollen lymph nodes in the anal or groin areas.
3What does anal cancer feel like?
In its early stages, anal cancer may be asymptomatic. As the disease progresses, anal cancer can present with certain signs and symptoms including: Anal or rectal discharge, such as pus, mucus or bleeding. Anal, rectal or surrounding area pain, itching, pressure or a full feeling.
4How do you know if you have hemorrhoids or something more serious?
We are all born with small veins supplying the anus and rectum. ... If something agitates them, they can cause symptoms such as rectal bleeding, soreness and itching. Hemorrhoid symptoms are similar to the symptoms of other conditions that are much more serious or can even endanger your life.
5Can hemorrhoids be a sign of cancer?
Bleeding from the rectum is the most common sign or symptom that both rectal cancer and hemorrhoids share. ... These symptoms are not usually seen with hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids produce the symptom of pruritus (itching) in the rectal and/or anal area while rectal cancers usually do not.
6Is bright red blood in stool a sign of cancer?
Blood in poo (stools or faeces) can be a sign of bowel cancer. But it is often due to other causes. See your GP if you are worried about any symptoms that you think could be caused by cancer in the bowel. Most often, blood in the stool is from piles (haemorrhoids), especially if it is bright red, fresh blood.
7What color is the blood when you have colon cancer?
Cancers and polyps of the colon and rectum can cause bright red rectal bleeding, maroon colored stools, and sometimes melena.
8What were your first signs of colon cancer?
Pappou lists early signs of colorectal cancer as being: Constipation. Changes in bowel habits. Diarrhea. Blood in stool. A narrowing or change in girth of the stool. A feeling of incomplete evacuation. Cramping pains. Fatigue.
9What are the 10 signs of colon cancer?
Signs and symptoms of colon cancer include: A persistent change in your bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation or a change in the consistency of your stool. Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool. Persistent abdominal discomfort, such as cramps, gas or pain. A feeling that your bowel doesn't empty completely.
10What is colon cancer pain like?
Small-caliber (narrow) or ribbon-like stools. Constipation. Sensation of incomplete evacuation after a bowel movement. Rectal pain: Pain rarely occurs with colon cancer and usually indicates a bulky tumor in the rectum that may invade surrounding tissue after moving through the colon's submucosa.

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