Risk factors for cervical cancer

Risk factors for cervical cancer

What Are the Risk Factors for Cervical Cancer?

Risk factors

Risk factors for cervical cancer include:

. Many sexual partners. The greater your number of sexual partners — and the greater your partner's number of sexual partners — the greater your chance of acquiring HPV.

. Early sexual activity. Having sex at an early age increases your risk of HPV.

. Other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Having other STIs — such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis and HIV/AIDS — increases your risk of HPV.

. A weakened immune system. You may be more likely to develop cervical cancer if your immune system is weakened by another health condition and you have HPV.

. Smoking. Smoking is associated with squamous cell cervical cancer.

. Exposure to miscarriage prevention drug. If your mother took a drug called diethylstilbestrol (DES) while pregnant in the 1950s, you may have an increased risk of a certain type of cervical cancer called clear cell adenocarcinoma.

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risk of cervical cancer

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About Iranian Surgery

Iranian surgery is an online medical tourism platform where you can find the best Surgeons to treat your cervical cancer in Iran. The price of treating a cervical cancer in Iran can vary according to each individual’s case and will be determined by the type of treatment you have and an in-person assessment with the doctor. So if you are looking for the cost of cervical cancer treatment in Iran, you can contact us and get free consultation from Iranian surgery.

 

Cervical Cancer Causes

Cervical cancer begins when healthy cells in the cervix develop changes (mutations) in their DNA. A cell's DNA contains the instructions that tell a cell what to do.

Healthy cells grow and multiply at a set rate, eventually dying at a set time. The mutations tell the cells to grow and multiply out of control, and they don't die. The accumulating abnormal cells form a mass (tumor). Cancer cells invade nearby tissues and can break off from a tumor to spread (metastasize) elsewhere in the body.

It isn't clear what causes cervical cancer, but it's certain that HPV plays a role. HPV is very common, and most people with the virus never develop cancer. This means other factors — such as your environment or your lifestyle choices — also determine whether you'll develop cervical cancer.

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Reducing your chances of getting cervical cancer

Being at risk for getting any kind of cancer can be mentally and emotionally challenging. The good news is that cervical cancer may be preventable. It develops slowly and there are a lot of things you can do to reduce your chances of developing cancer.

A vaccine is available to protect against some of the HPV strains most likely to cause cervical cancer. It’s currently recommended for boys and girls ages 11 through 12. It’s also recommended for women up to age 45 and men up to age 21 who weren’t previously vaccinated.

If you’re within this age bracket and haven’t been vaccinated, you should talk to your doctor about vaccination.

In addition to vaccination, practicing sex with a condom or other barrier method and quitting smoking if you smoke are key steps you can take to prevent cervical cancer.

Making sure that you get regular cervical cancer screenings is also an important part of reducing your cervical cancer risk. How often should you be screened? The timing and type of screening depends on your age.

risk of cervical cancer

The updated recommendations for cervical cancer screening include:

. Women younger than 21 years: Cervical cancer screening isn’t recommended.

. Women ages 21 through 29: Cervical cancer screening through Pap smear alone every three years.

. Women ages 30 through 65: Three options for cervical cancer screening, including:

. Pap smear alone every three years

. High-risk HPV testing (hrHPV) alone every five years

. Both Pap smear and hrHPV every five years

. Women age 65 and older: Cervical cancer screening isn’t recommended, provided that adequate prior screening was performed.

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10 common questions about cervical cancer risk factors

1What are the main causes of cervical cancer?
Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix — the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. Various strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, play a role in causing most cervical cancer
2What are the causes of cervical cancer and who is at risk?
What Are the Risk Factors for Cervical Cancer? Almost all cervical cancers are caused by HPV. Other things also can increase your risk of cervical cancer. Almost all cervical cancers are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), a common virus that can be passed from one person to another during sex.
3What age group is most at risk for cervical cancer?
Age. The peak age of developing cervical cancer is 47 years. Approximately 47% of women with invasive cervical cancer are younger than 35 years of age at diagnosis. Older women (> 65 years) account for another 10% of patients with cervical cancer.
4Is family history a risk factor for cervical cancer?
Compared to other cancers, less is known about the role of knowledge of family history of cancer as an influence on cervical cancer screening, which may be primarily due to persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection as the primary etiologic cause of most cervical cancers, rather than genetic susceptibility or ...
5What is the first sign of cervical cancer?
Early warning signs of cervical cancer When present, common symptoms of a tumor that develops in the cervix may include vaginal bleeding, including bleeding between periods, after sexual intercourse or post-menopausal bleeding; unusual vaginal discharge, which may be watery, pink or foul-smelling; and pelvic pain
6What are the risk factors for developing cervical cancer?
The following factors may raise a woman's risk of developing cervical cancer: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. The most important risk factor for cervical cancer is infection with HPV. HPV is common.
7Is cervical cancer a STD?
Nearly all squamous cervical cancers are caused by a common sexually transmitted infection called human papillomavirus (HPV), however this does not mean that a woman diagnosed with cervical cancer is sexually promiscuous
8Can a man give a woman cervical cancer?
Women, in general, often clear the virus in two years or less. The HPV types associated with cervical cancer usually do not cause health problems for a heterosexual man having sex with an HPV-infected woman. If a partner has HPV, it does not necessarily mean they have had sex with someone else recently.
9Can IUD cause cervical cancer?
Compared to women who had never used an IUD, the international study found that those who had used the implanted contraceptive had almost half the risk for developing cervical cancer, which is caused by infection with the sexually transmitted human papilloma virus (HPV).
10Can you feel cervical cancer with your finger?
The healthcare provider places 1 finger in your rectum and the other finger in your vagina. This is to feel the tissue between and around these 2 organs. Some cervical cancer may be found during a pelvic exam. Your provider can't see precancer changes such as dysplasia.

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