Stages of Cervical Cancer

Stages of Cervical Cancer

How long do you have to live if you have cervical cancer?

Staging is a way of describing where the cancer is located, if or where it has spread, and whether it is affecting other parts of the body.

Doctors use diagnostic tests to find out the cancer's stage, so staging may not be complete until all of the tests are finished. Knowing the stage helps the doctor to decide what kind of treatment is best and can help predict a patient's prognosis, which is the chance of recovery. There are different stage descriptions for different types of cancer. For cervical cancer, the staging system developed by the International Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Federation Internationale de Gynecologie et d'Obstetrique, or FIGO) is used.

 

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FIGO stages for cervical cancer

Doctors assign the stage of the cancer by evaluating the tumor and whether the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

Staging is based on the results of a physical exam, imaging scans, and biopsies.

Stage I: The cancer has spread from the cervix lining into the deeper tissue but is still just found in the uterus. It has not spread to other parts of the body. This stage may be divided into smaller groups to describe the cancer in more detail (see below).

. Stage IA: The cancer is diagnosed only by viewing cervical tissue or cells under a microscope. Imaging tests or evaluation of tissue samples can also be used to determine tumor size.

. Stage IA1: There is a cancerous area of less than 3 millimeters (mm) in depth.

. Stage IA2: There is a cancerous area 3 mm to less than 5 mm in depth.

. Stage IB: In this stage, the tumor is larger but still only confined to the cervix. There is no distant spread.

. Stage IB1: The tumor 5 mm or more in depth and less than 2 centimeters (cm) wide. A centimeter is roughly equal to the width of a standard pen or pencil.

. Stage IB2: The tumor is 2 cm or more in depth and less than 4 cm wide.

. Stage IB3: The tumor is 4 cm or more in width.

Stage II: The cancer has spread beyond the uterus to nearby areas, such as the vagina or tissue near the cervix, but it is still inside the pelvic area. It has not spread to other parts of the body. This stage may be divided into smaller groups to describe the cancer in more detail (see below).

. Stage IIA: The tumor is limited to the upper two-thirds of the vagina. It has not spread to the tissue next to the cervix, which is called the parametrial area.

. Stage IIA1: The tumor is less than 4 cm wide.

. Stage IIA2: The tumor is 4 cm or more in width.

. Stage IIB: The tumor has spread to the parametrial area. The tumor does not reach the pelvic wall.

Stage III: The tumor involves the lower third of the vagina, and/or has spread to the pelvic wall, and/or causes swelling of the kidney, called hydronephrosis, or stops a kidney from functioning, and/or involves regional lymph nodes. There is no distant spread.

. Stage IIIA: The tumor involves the lower third of the vagina, but it has not grown into the pelvic wall.

. Stage IIIB: The tumor has grown into the pelvic wall and/or affects a kidney.

. Stage IIIC: The tumor involves regional lymph nodes. This can be detected using imaging tests or pathology. Adding a lowercase "r" indicates imaging tests were used to confirm lymph node involvement. A lowercase "p" indicates pathology results were used to determine the stage.

. Stage IIIC1: The cancer has spread to lymph nodes in the pelvis.

. Stage IIIC2: The cancer has spread to para-aortic lymph nodes. These lymph nodes are found in the abdomen near the base of the spine and near the aorta, a major artery that runs from the heart to the abdomen.

Stage IV

. Stage IVA: The cancer has spread to the bladder or rectum, but it has not spread to other parts of the body.

. Stage IVB: The cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

 

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About Iranian Surgery

Iranian surgery is an online medical tourism platform where you can find the best Surgeons to treat your cervical cancer in Iran. The price of treating a cervical cancer in Iran can vary according to each individual’s case and will be determined by the type of treatment you have and an in-person assessment with the doctor. So if you are looking for the cost of cervical cancer treatment in Iran, you can contact us and get free consultation from Iranian surgery.

 

 

 

 

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10 common questions about Stages of Cervical Cancer

1Can you survive stage 4 cervical cancer?
Patients with stage III or IVA cervical cancer experienced a 5-year survival rate of 63% compared to 57% for patients treated with radiation therapy alone. ... Other patients with stage IV disease already have small amounts of cancer that have spread outside the cervix and were not treated by the chemotherapy.
2Is cervical cancer curable?
Cervical cancer is often curable if it's diagnosed at an early stage. When cervical cancer is not curable, it's often possible to slow its progression, prolong lifespan and relieve any associated symptoms, such as pain and vaginal bleeding.
3Is stage 2 cervical cancer serious?
Stage II (stage 2 cervical cancer): Stage II cervical cancer means that the cancer has grown beyond the cervix and uterus but has not reached the walls of the pelvis or the lower part of the vagina. In this stage of cervical cancer, the disease has not spread to lymph nodes or distant sites.
4Does cervical cancer spread fast?
Usually, cervical cancer is very slow growing, although in certain circumstances it can grow and spread quickly. ... The most common type of cervical cancer is called squamous cell carcinoma. It originates from cells that lie on the surface of the cervix known as squamous cells
5Is cervical cancer a death sentence?
Cervical cancer is most often diagnosed between the ages of 35 and 44. About 15% of cervical cancers are diagnosed in women over age 65. It is rare for women younger than 20 to develop cervical cancer. The 5-year survival rate tells you what percent of women live at least 5 years after the cancer is found
6Can you feel cervical cancer with your finger?
The healthcare provider places 1 finger in your rectum and the other finger in your vagina. This is to feel the tissue between and around these 2 organs. Some cervical cancer may be found during a pelvic exam. Your provider can't see precancer changes such as dysplasia
7How long do you live after being diagnosed with cervical cancer?
The chances of living for at least five years after being diagnosed with cervical cancer are: stage 1 – 80-99%
8Can a hysterectomy cure cervical cancer?
Small stage IB cervical cancers can be successfully cured with hysterectomy or radiation therapy in approximately 90% of patients. ... If the lymph nodes contain cancer, the surgeon will not usually proceed with a hysterectomy because treatment over a larger area is necessary to destroy all the cancer cells.
9What is the smell of cervical cancer?
If cervical cancer lacks oxygen, some cells may die off, infecting the tumor. The infection creates a foul smelling vaginal discharge, which serves as another sign of cervical cancer. This continuous discharge may be pale, watery, brown, or mixed with blood
10Can doctor see cervical cancer during colposcopy?
A colposcopy allows a doctor or trained nurse to find these abnormalities. In some women, the presence of "abnormal cells" carries the risk of developing cervical cancer. A colposcopy is used to determine whether treatment will be needed to deal with these cells

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