Chalazion is a cyst in the eyelid due to a blocked oil gland. They are typically in the middle of the eyelid, red, and non painful. They tend to come on gradually over a few weeks.
A chalazion may occur following a stye or from hardened oils blocking the gland. The blocked gland is usually the meibomian gland but can also be the gland of Zeis. A stye and cellulitis may appear similar. A stye, however, is usually more sudden in onset, painful, and occurs at the edge of the eyelid.Cellulitis is also typically painful.
Treatment is initiated with warm compresses. If this is not effective injecting steroids into the lesion may be tried. If large, incision and drainage may be recommended. While relatively common the frequency of the condition is unknown. The term is from the Greek “khalazion” meaning “small hailstone.
A chalazion is caused by a blocked duct in one of the Meibomian glands. These glands are located in the eyelid directly behind the eyelashes and produce a thin, oily fluid that lubricates the eye.
A chalazion often develops after an internal hordeolum (another word for hordeolum is stye). The eyelid usually becomes tender, red, swollen and warm. Sometimes, the blocked gland causing the stye will not drain even though the redness and swelling goes away. The gland will form a firm, non-tender nodule in the eyelid which is called a chalazion.
An exam of the eyelid confirms the diagnosis.
Rarely, skin cancerof the eyelid may look like a chalazion. If this is suspected, you may need a biopsy.
To prevent chalazia or styes, it may help to gently scrub the edge of the lid at the eyelash line nightly. Use eye cleansing pads or diluted baby shampoo.
Apply antibiotic ointment prescribed by your health care provider after scrubbing the eyelids.
Chalazion is the result of a cyst or stye formation on the eyelid- either lower or upper, usually on the centre. It is formed when a gland, called meibomian gland, gets clogged. This gland is responsible for secreting oil and mucous in the inner eye for proper lubrication of the eye. The cyst or the chalazion formed is often painless and may appear and disappear within few weeks or a month. The condition occurs mostly in people who have pre-existing conditions like acne, chronic blepharitis, seborrhea, rosacea or other reason causing long term inflammation of the eyelid. People infected with viral conjunctivitis also are more prone to get chalazion. Usually, small, asymptomatic chalazia can be ignored. But it calls for treatment when it does not resolve with a month. Before getting help from the conventional medication, people usually try treating chalazion with conservative treatments or home remedies. In case, they do not work with such medication, it is better to refer to a good ophthalmologist for treating it and get rid of it. Although rare, but a chalazion may need surgery to be removed in case home remedies and conventional medication both are not effective. Surgical removal of chalazion is a safe and simple procedure and generally does not pose any serious complication or side effect.
Rarely, a chalazion will heal by itself but may leave a scar on the eyelid. This problem is more common after chalazion surgery, but is still rare. You may lose some eyelashes or you may have a small notch in the edge of the eyelid. The most common complication is a return of the problem.
Calling your health care provider
Call your health care provider if lumps on the eyelid continue to get bigger despite treatment, or you have an area of eyelash loss.
chalazion surgery cost in Iran start from $50
Normally, a chalazion goes away without giving too much pain within a month. You can try some conservative measures or home remedies to treat the chalazion. In case it does not heal with simple home remedies, pharmacological treatment may be required after consulting an ophthalmologist. The doctor may recommend either a corticosteroid injection or may remove it surgically. Both the methods have been found to be quite effective and safe. As already stated, a chalazion does not become an acute infection and can be easily treated with home remedies. Corticosteroid injections are given directly in the lesions if they are smaller in size. The larger lesions are subjected to surgical excision to get rid of them using local anaesthesia. The surgical removal is does from underneath the eyelid to avoid any scar formation on the skin. The procedure of the surgery will depend upon the texture of the chalazion. If it is mainly fluid filled, it can be easily removed by puncturing it a slightly and putting little pressure on the chalazion to drain out the fluid. But if the infection is bigger in size and has hardened, then it will need a slightly bigger incision and the hard substance need to scraped off from the chalazion. In order to heal it completely and remove even slightest of infection from the eye, it is subjected to dry heat so that it metabolizes and sloughs off. Medicinal therapy using tetracycline like minocycline 50 mg PO QD for about 10 days or doxycycline 100 mg PO BID reduces the infection quite effectively. In case the patient is allergic to tetracyclines or phototoxicity treatment is done with metronidazole is done. In order to prevent chronic inflammation, topical steroids can be prescribed. If there is no infection, the lesion can be simply treated using methylprednisolone or triamcinolone steroid injection.
If the chalazion remains for about a month, if it grows in size with infection and does not heal with simple home remedies, only then the person having it will be eligible for treatment.
If a person develops a chalazion on his eyelid, he/she does not require treatment right in the beginning. It can be observed for at least about a month. If it goes away without any treatment, the person does not require medical or surgical treatment.
Treatment with steroid injections are usually safe and effective but it can cause certain side effects like atrophy of the injected area, hypopigmentation, elevated intraocular pressure, corneal perforation, traumatic cataract, a visible hematoma around the operated site and potential exacerbation of viral or bacterial infection. There can be minor discomfort in the area after the surgery or the lesion removal is done. Sometimes, although rare, but surgery or steroid injection can cause the area to look unsightly for a long time or may be forever. Sometimes the chalazion may also recur after the treatment or surgery.
Alternatives to the conventional treatment of chalazion that includes steroid injections and surgical removal are conservative measure or home remedies. About 50% of the chalazia have been observed to heal with conservative methods only. In this method warm compress can be used for 15 minutes 2-4 times every day to eventually heal the eyelid cyst. Maintaining eye and eyelid hygiene is also important. For this, baby shampoo or other lid wipes available in the market are considered good to wipe off any debris over the eyelashes. Few other natural remedies for treating chalazion are compresses with castor oil, guava and acacia leaves because they contain anti-inflammatory substances that help in reducing the inflammation and also aids in draining the fluid of the chalazion on its own.
You do not need to worry about Chalazion until you pay more attention to all these issues before proceeding. The important thing is to find a Hospital And Chalazion surgeon . If you are looking for Chalazion cost in Iran , you can contact us and Get free consultation from Iranian surgery.
Just like any other surgery, you should check your medical records with a professional doctor. To do this, you must send us all your medical files and medical IDs. We will connect you with the best doctors, hospitals and clinics in Iran, and then you can ask any questions you have in mind.
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Most Iranian beauty surgeons graduate from reputable American and European universities and have enough experience to do so.
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