Testicular cancer age

testicular cancer age

Testicular Cancer Age

Can you get testicular cancer at any age?

Testicular cancer occurs in the testicles (testes), which are located inside the scrotum, a loose bag of skin underneath the penis. The testicles produce male sex hormones and sperm for reproduction. Though it can affect a man or boy at any age, it is most often found in men age 15 to 44 years.

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Testicular Cancer: Symptoms and Signs

What is usually the first sign of testicular cancer?

People with testicular cancer may experience a variety of symptoms or signs. Sometimes, men with testicular cancer do not have any of these changes. Or, the cause of a symptom may be a different medical condition that is not cancer. So, having these symptoms does not mean that a man definitely has cancer.

Usually, an enlarged testicle or a small lump or area of hardness are the first signs of testicular cancer. Any lump, enlargement, hardness, pain, or tenderness should be evaluated by a doctor as soon as possible. Other symptoms of testicular cancer usually do not appear until after the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

Symptoms of testicular cancer may include:

. A painless lump or swelling on either testicle. If found early, a testicular tumor may be about the size of a pea or a marble, but it can grow much larger.

. Pain, discomfort, or numbness in a testicle or the scrotum, with or without swelling.

. Change in the way a testicle feels or a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum. For example, 1 testicle may become firmer than the other testicle. Or testicular cancer may cause the testicle to grow bigger or to become smaller.

. Dull ache in the lower abdomen or groin

. Sudden buildup of fluid in the scrotum

. Breast tenderness or growth. Although rare, some testicular tumors make hormones that cause breast tenderness or growth of breast tissue, a condition called gynecomastia.

. Lower back pain, shortness of breath, chest pain, and bloody sputum or phlegm can be symptoms of later-stage testicular cancer.

. Swelling of 1 or both legs or shortness of breath from a blood clot can be symptoms of testicular cancer. A blood clot in a large vein is called deep venous thrombosis or DVT. A blood clot in an artery in the lung is called a pulmonary embolism and causes shortness of breath. For some young or middle-aged men, developing a blood clot may be the first sign of testicular cancer.

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Many symptoms and signs of testicular cancer are similar to those caused by noncancerous conditions. These are discussed below:

. Change in size or a lump in a testicle

  . A cyst called a spermatocele that develops in the epididymis. The epididymis is a small organ attached to the testicle that is made up of coiled tubes that carry sperm away from the testicle.

  . An enlargement of the blood vessels from the testicle called a varicocele.

  . A buildup of fluid in the membrane around the testicle called a hydrocele.

  . An opening in the abdominal muscle called a hernia.

. Pain

  . Infection. Infection of the testicle is called orchitis. Infection of the epididymis is called epididymitis. If infection is suspected, a patient may be given a prescription for antibiotics. If antibiotics do not solve the problem, tests for testicular cancer are often needed.

  . Injury

  . Twisting

If you are concerned about any changes you experience, please talk with your doctor. Your doctor will ask how long and how often you’ve been experiencing the symptom(s), in addition to other questions. This is to help figure out the cause of the problem, called a diagnosis.

If cancer is diagnosed, relieving symptoms remains an important part of cancer care and treatment. This may be called palliative care or supportive care. It is often started soon after diagnosis and continued throughout treatment. Be sure to talk with your health care team about the symptoms you experience, including any new symptoms or a change in symptoms.

Testicular Cancer Survival Rates

Is testicular cancer deadly?

Survival for testicular cancer is very high. Nearly all men survive their disease. Survival rates can give you an idea of what percentage of people with the same type and stage of cancer are still alive a certain amount of time (usually 5 years) after they were diagnosed. They can’t tell you how long you will live, but they may help give you a better understanding of how likely it is that your treatment will be successful.

Keep in mind that survival rates are estimates and are often based on previous outcomes of large numbers of people who had a specific cancer, but they can’t predict what will happen in any particular person’s case.

Survival by stage

The figures below are for 4 stages of testicular cancer. Your doctor may use a different system that only has 3 stages.

. Stage 1

Almost all men survive their cancer for five years or more after diagnosis.

Stage 1 means the cancer is only in the testes.

. Stage 2

Almost 95 out of 100 men (almost 95%) survive their cancer for 5 years or more after diagnosis.

Stage 2 means the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes.

. Stage 3

More than 80 out of 100 men (more than 80%) survive their cancer for 5 years or more after diagnosis.

Stage 3 means the cancer has spread to lymph nodes further away from the testicles: for example, in the armpit or neck.

. Stage 4

Around 80 out of 100 men (around 80%) survive their cancer for 5 years or more after diagnosis.

Stage 4 is now classed as a stage 3C cancer. It means the cancer has spread to other organs in the body, such as the lungs. This is called metastatic cancer.

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Sources:

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/testicular-cancer-care/symptoms-causes/syc-20352986

https://www.cancer.org/cancer/testicular-cancer/causes-risks-prevention/risk-factors.html#:~:text=About%20half%20of%20testicular%20cancers,including%20infants%20and%20elderly%20men.

https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/testicular-cancer/testicular-cancer-statistics

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/testicular-cancer/

10 common questions about testicular cancer age

1Can you get testicular cancer at any age?
If family members have had testicular cancer, you may have an increased risk. Age. Testicular cancer affects teens and younger men, particularly those between ages 15 and 35. However, it can occur at any age
2What is usually the first sign of testicular cancer?
Symptoms of testicular cancer may include: A painless lump or swelling on either testicle. If found early, a testicular tumor may be about the size of a pea or a marble, but it can grow much larger. Pain, discomfort, or numbness in a testicle or the scrotum, with or without swelling
3Can you get testicular cancer at 60?
Testicular cancer can occur at any age, but it is most common between the ages of 15 and 35 years. Testicular germ cell tumors are the most common solid tumor in this age group. There is a secondary peak in incidence after age 60. Seminoma is the most common histology in the older population.
4Is testicular cancer deadly?
Virtually 100 percent. Even metastatic testicular cancer is highly curable, typically with a combination of chemotherapy and surgery. Men between ages 15-35 should do self-exams every month
5Can testicular cancer go away by itself?
They may feel that it will go away by itself. They may have concerns about loss of sexuality, or becoming sterile. They may fear the treatment, cancer, or death. Most often, early medical attention will lead to the assurance that cancer is not present
6How long can you live with untreated testicular cancer?
Almost 90 out of every 100 men (almost 90%) survive for 5 years or more after they are diagnosed. Most men have a good prognosis. Good prognosis means that the seminoma has spread only to the lymph nodes or the lungs. It has not spread anywhere else.
7Do men's balls get bigger with age?
A male's testicle is about 1 cubic centimeter at birth and stays around that size until the testicles start growing about age 8. ... Testicles tend to grow at the same rate, though one may grow slightly larger and for a little longer than the other. It's also common for one testicle to hang a little lower than the other
8Can you have a lump on your testicle and it not be cancer?
They may be caused by an injury, but they can also indicate a serious underlying medical problem. Not all lumps indicate the presence of testicular cancer. Most lumps are caused by benign, or noncancerous, conditions. ... Still, your doctor should examine any changes in your testicles, especially lumps or swelling
9Why is my left testicle hurting?
Pain in the scrotum can be the result of serious conditions like testicular torsion or a sexually transmitted infection (STI). ... Often, problems with the testicles cause abdominal or groin pain before pain in the testicle develops. Unexplained abdominal or groin pain should also be evaluated by your doctor
10Does testicular cancer spread quickly?
Seminomas are testicular cancers that grow slowly. They're usually confined to your testes, but your lymph nodes may also be involved. Nonseminomas are the more common form of testicular cancer. This type is faster growing and may spread to other parts of your body

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