Testicular Cancer Test

Testicular Cancer Test

Tests for Testicular Cancer

What test can detect testicular cancer?

Testicular cancer is usually found as a result of symptoms that a person is having. It can also be found when tests are done for another condition. The next step is an exam by a doctor.

The doctor will feel the testicles for swelling or tenderness and for the size and location of any lumps. The doctor will also examine your belly (abdomen), lymph nodes, and other parts of your body carefully to look for signs of cancer spread. Often the results of the exam are normal other than the changes in the testicles. If a lump or other sign of testicular cancer is found, testing will be needed to look for the cause.

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Read more about : Testicular Cancer Survival Rates

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Diagnosis

In some cases men discover testicular cancer themselves, either unintentionally or while doing a testicular self-examination to check for lumps. In other cases, your doctor may detect a lump during a routine physical exam.

To determine whether a lump is testicular cancer, your doctor may recommend:

  • A testicular ultrasound test uses sound waves to create an image of the scrotum and testicles. During an ultrasound you lie on your back with your legs spread. Your doctor then applies a clear gel to your scrotum. A hand-held probe is moved over your scrotum to make the ultrasound image.

An ultrasound test can help your doctor determine the nature of any testicular lumps, such as whether the lumps are solid or fluid-filled. An ultrasound also tells your doctor whether lumps are inside or outside of the testicle.

  • Blood tests.Your doctor may order tests to determine the levels of tumor markers in your blood. Tumor markers are substances that occur normally in your blood, but the levels of these substances may be elevated in certain situations, including testicular cancer. A high level of a tumor marker in your blood doesn't mean you have cancer, but it may help your doctor in determining your diagnosis.
  • Surgery to remove a testicle (radical inguinal orchiectomy).If it's determined that the lump on your testicle may be cancerous, surgery to remove the testicle may be recommended. Your removed testicle will be analyzed to determine if the lump is cancerous and, if so, what type of cancer.

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Other tests

In almost all cases, you'll need further tests to check whether testicular cancer has spread.

When cancer of the testicle spreads, it most commonly affects the lymph nodes in the back of the abdomen or the lungs.

You may need to have a chest X-ray to check for signs of a tumour.

You'll also need a scan of your entire body. This is usually a CT scan to check for signs of the cancer spreading.

In some cases, a different type of scan known as an MRI scan may be used.

Sources:

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/testicular-cancer/diagnosis/

https://www.cancer.org/cancer/testicular-cancer/detection-diagnosis-staging/detection.html

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/testicular-cancer-care/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352991

10 common questions about Testicular Cancer Survival Rates

1Does testicular cancer show up in blood tests?
Some blood tests can help diagnose testicular tumors. Many testicular cancers make high levels of certain proteins called tumor markers, such as alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). When these tumor markers are in the blood, it suggests that there's a testicular tumor.
2Are testicular tumors hard or soft?
During the early stages, testicular cancer typically presents as a hard lump or swelling in a testis. The lump is usually painless and can vary considerably in size but is typically the size of a pea and located on the front or side of the testicle
3Does testicular cancer kill sperm?
Radiation at high doses kills the stem cells that produce sperm. Radiation is aimed directly at the testicles to treat some types of testicular cancer and childhood leukemia
4Do men's balls get bigger with age?
A male's testicle is about 1 cubic centimeter at birth and stays around that size until the testicles start growing about age 8. ... Testicles tend to grow at the same rate, though one may grow slightly larger and for a little longer than the other. It's also common for one testicle to hang a little lower than the other
5Can a man still have a baby with one testicle?
Men with one undescended testicle can still have children, but their fertility is lower than normal by roughly half. If they have surgery to correct it, especially when younger, their fertility is about the same as if they never had a problem
6Will a CT scan show testicular cancer?
CT scans take a series of X-ray images of your abdomen, chest and pelvis. Your doctor uses CT scans to look for signs that cancer has spread. Blood tests. Blood tests to look for elevated tumor markers can help your doctor understand whether cancer likely remains in your body after your testicle is removed
7Can guys get pimples on their balls?
Is it possible to get a pimple on your scrotum? Your scrotum contains many hair follicles and pores that are subject to ingrown hairs, pore blockage, and other common causes of pimples. In these cases, you can treat your pimples at home and they'll usually go away in a few days
8Why is my left testicle hurting?
Pain in the scrotum can be the result of serious conditions like testicular torsion or a sexually transmitted infection (STI). ... Often, problems with the testicles cause abdominal or groin pain before pain in the testicle develops. Unexplained abdominal or groin pain should also be evaluated by your doctor.
9Can testicular cancer come back again?
Sometimes testicular cancer comes back (relapses) after treatment. It can still usually be cured. ... If the cancer does come back, it will most likely be within 2 years of finishing your treatment. Fewer than 1 in 20 relapses happen later than that.
10Can you get testicular cancer twice?
The most common cancer seen in testicular cancer survivors is a second testicular cancer. Compared with most men in the general population, testicular cancer survivors are up to twice as likely to develop a new cancer outside the testicle.

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