Polypectomy in Iran

Polypectomy in Iran

Polypectomy in Iran

Overview

A polypectomy is a procedure used to remove polyps from the inside of the colon, also called the large intestine. A polyp is an abnormal collection of tissue. The procedure is relatively noninvasive and is usually carried out at the same time as a colonoscopy. A colonoscopy is offered routinely for people who are over 50 years old to check for any growths that could be indicative of cancer. If your doctor discovers polyps during your colonoscopy, they’ll usually perform a polypectomy at the same time.

There are several ways in which a polypectomy can be performed. Which way your doctor chooses will depend on what kind of polyps are in the colon.

Polyps can be small, large, sessile, or pedunculated. Sessile polyps are flat and don’t have a stalk. Pedunculated polyps grow on stalks like mushrooms. For small polyps (less than 5 millimeters in diameter), biopsy forceps can be used for removal. Larger polyps (up to 2 centimeters in diameter) can be removed using a snare.

In snare polypectomy, your doctor will loop a thin wire around the bottom of the polyp and use heat to cut the growth off. Any remaining tissue or stalk is then cauterized.

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Some polyps, due to a large size, location, or configuration, are considered more technically challenging or are associated with an increased risk of complications. In these cases, endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) or endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) techniques can be used.

Types of polypectomy

The two most common types of polypectomy are:

  • Uterine polypectomy: To remove polyps in the endometrial tissue, the tissue that lines the uterus.
  • Colon polypectomy: To remove polyps in the colon.

Polyps may also develop in other regions of the body. Some other relatively common sites of polypectomy include:

  • the nose
  • the cervix
  • the vocal cords
  • the stomach

what to do before polypectomy

In order to perform a colonoscopy, your doctors need your large intestine to be entirely clear and free from any visual obstruction. For this reason, you’ll be asked to thoroughly empty your bowels for one or two days prior to your procedure. This might involve using laxatives, having an enema, and eating a clear food diet.

Just before the polypectomy, you’ll be seen by an anesthetist, who’ll administer anesthetic for the procedure. They’ll ask you if you’ve had any bad reactions to anesthetic before. Once you’re ready and in your hospital gown, you’ll be asked to lie on your side with your knees pulled up to your chest.

After the procedure

Don't drive or make important decisions or go back to work for the rest of the day. If your doctor removed a polyp during your colonoscopy, you may be advised to eat a special diet temporarily. You may feel bloated or pass gas for a few hours after the exam, as you clear the air from your colon.

Recovery

Recovery from a polypectomy usually takes about 2 weeks. Patients may feel pain following the procedure, particularly immediately after the procedure.

Taking the pain medication, the doctor prescribes can help.

It's normal to experience some bleeding following the procedure, but call the physician if the bleeding is very heavy, stops and then starts again, or has a foul odor that could indicate an infection.

After the polyp is removed, it will be sent to a lab for testing. If it's not cancerous, the patient will undergo an exam following the removal, but will likely need no further treatment.

How long does it take to recover from a polyp removal?

about 2 weeks

Recovery from a polypectomy usually takes about 2 weeks. Patients may feel pain following the procedure, particularly immediately after the procedure

What to expect when removing polyps?

Most women feel better within the first week following surgery; however, do not lift, push or pull any heavy objects for a couple of weeks. Do not resume sexual intercourse or douche until your doctor says it is OK. Full recovery takes about two weeks to allow for internal healing.

What can I eat after polyp removal?

Your doctor may also recommend you follow a soft, low-residue diet immediately after the procedure.
...
Foods you can eat after a colonoscopy

  • drinks with electrolytes.
  • fruit juice.
  • vegetable juice.
  • herbal tea.
  • saltine crackers.
  • graham crackers.

10 common questions about Polypectomy in Iran

1How long does it take to recover from a polyp removal?
about 2 weeks Recovery from a polypectomy usually takes about 2 weeks. Patients may feel pain following the procedure, particularly immediately after the procedure
2How is a polyp removed?
Most polyps found during colonoscopy can be completely removed during the procedure. Various removal techniques are available; most involve removing them with a wire loop biopsy forceps and/or burning the polyp base with an electric current. This is called polyp resection.
3What happens after cervical polyp removal?
You may feel a brief, mild pain during removal and mild to moderate cramps for a few hours afterward. Spotting of blood from the vagina may occur for one or two days after removal. In some instances, the polyps or the polyp stems are too large to remove in a doctor's office
4Do endometrial polyps need to be removed?
Once identified, polyps can be removed surgically through a hysteroscopy. ... It's possible that you might need to undergo treatment more than once if you experience recurring uterine polyps. If the polyps are found to contain cancerous cells, hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) becomes necessary.
5What is polypectomy surgery?
A polypectomy is a procedure used to remove polyps from the inside of the colon, also called the large intestine. A polyp is an abnormal collection of tissue. The procedure is relatively noninvasive and is usually carried out at the same time as a colonoscopy.
6Is a 5 mm polyp considered large?
If the colonoscopy finds one or two small polyps (5 mm in diameter or smaller), you are considered at relatively low risk. Most people will not have to return for a follow-up colonoscopy for at least five years, and possibly longer.
7How long does a uterine polypectomy take?
The procedure generally takes from 5-10 minutes to perform and is called a hysteroscopic (or resectoscopic) polypectomy.
8How big is a 5 mm polyp?
Polyps 5–9 mm in size showed a net tendency to regress
9What size is considered a large polyp?
Large polyp Large polyps are 10 millimeters (mm) or larger in diameter (25 mm equals about 1 inch).
10Is removal of cervical polyp painful?
Having a cervical polyp removed is not painful, however, you may feel mild discomfort similar to period pain afterwards. If you are uncomfortable, a mild painkiller will be offered to you. We will give you a sanitary towel to wear, as you will have some discharge which can continue for 7–14 days.

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