Rectal abscess burst
What should you do if a perianal abscess bursts?
An anal abscess is a painful condition in which a collection of pus develops near the anus. Most anal abscesses are a result of infection from small anal glands. The most common type of abscess is a perianal abscess. This often appears as a painful boil-like swelling near the anus. A blocked anal gland, a sexually transmitted infection (STI), or an infected anal fissure can cause anal abscesses.
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Burst perianal abscess
Anal abscesses rarely go away without treatment. The most common and simple treatment is for your doctor to drain the pus from the infected area. If an abscess is not drained, it may continue to become larger and fill with pus until it bursts, which can be very painful. If an abscess is allowed to burst and drain of pus on its own, there is also a risk that it will not drain properly, causing the abscess to come back or the infection to spread.
A perianal abscess is a shallower collection of pus under the skin surrounding the anus; however, both are sometimes described as an anal abscess. Both types of abscesses need immediate medical attention; however, a perirectal abscess usually is the more severe infection.
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What causes rectal abscess?
Most abscesses are caused by a bacterial infection.
When bacteria enter your body, your immune system sends infection-fighting white blood cells to the affected area.
As the white blood cells attack the bacteria, some nearby tissue dies, creating a hole which then fills with pus to form an abscess. The pus contains a mixture of dead tissue, white blood cells and bacteria.
Internal abscesses often develop as a complication of an existing condition, such as an infection elsewhere in your body. For example, if your appendix bursts as a result of appendicitis, bacteria can spread inside your tummy (abdomen) and cause an abscess to form.
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What are anal abscess symptoms?
Anorectal pain, swelling, perianal cellulitis (redness of the skin) and fever are the most common symptoms of an abscess. Occasionally, rectal bleeding or urinary symptoms, such as trouble initiating a urinary stream or painful urination, may be present.
Patients with fistulas commonly have history of a previously drained anal abscess. Anorectal pain, drainage from the perianal skin, irritation of the perianal skin, and sometimes rectal bleeding, can be presenting symptoms of a fistula-in-ano.
What should you do if your anal abscess bursts?
It will usually take a few weeks for the abscess cavity (hole) that has been drained to fill up with scar tissue.
If your doctor prescribed antibiotics, take them as directed. Do not stop taking them just because you feel better. You need to take the full course of antibiotics.
- Take pain medicines exactly as directed.
-If the doctor gave you a prescription medicine for pain, take it as prescribed.
-If you are not taking a prescription pain medicine, ask your doctor if you can take an over-the-counter medicine.
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