If you decide to have a Kidney transplant in Iran, reading this article can improve your knowledge about Kidney transplant procedure in Iran and help you to choose the best city and hospital to perform Kidney transplant in Iran. In this article we provide you with a comprehensive description of Kidney transplant in Iran and Kidney transplant risks.
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A kidney transplant is the transfer of a healthy kidney from one person into the body of a person who has little or no kidney function. The kidney may come from a deceased organ donor or from a living donor. A person getting a transplant most often gets just 1 kidney.
This loss of kidney function, known as end-stage chronic kidney disease or kidney failure, is the most common reason for needing a kidney transplant.
Transplant tourism is one of the main unacceptable aspects of medical tourism, implicating travel to another country to receive an allograft. Organ shortages in wealthier countries have persuaded patients to preclude organ waiting lists and travel to other countries for getting organs especially kidneys. On the other hand, in many countries, there is no transplant program, and hemodialysis is expensive.
Hence, patients with end-stage kidney disease may have to travel to get a kidney allograft for the sake of their lives. In Iran, a legal compensated and regulated living unrelated donor kidney transplant program has been adopted since 1988, in which recipients are matched with live unrelated donors through the Iran Kidney Foundation and the recipients are compensated usually by the government and the recipient.
This was first considered as a humanitarian assistance to patients of the countries with no transplant program and limited and low-quality dialysis. However, the policy of "foreign nationality transplant" gradually established a spot where residents of many countries, where living-unrelated donor transplant was illegal, could bring their donors and be transplanted mainly in private hospitals, with high incentives for the transplant teams.
Good candidate for kidney transplant
-You must have chronic irreversible kidney disease that has not responded to other medical or surgical treatments.
- You are either on dialysis or may require dialysis in the near future.
-You must qualify for and be able to tolerate major surgery.
The ideal kidney donor is required to:
-Be a family member, friend or acquaintance.
-Be a person over age 18.
-Be willing to commit to the living kidney donor evaluation process and surgery.
-Be in good health.
-Be of a compatible blood type.
-Have normal kidney function.
Unlike many other types of organ donation, it's possible to donate a kidney while you're alive because you only need 1 kidney to survive. This is known as a living donation.
People who want to be considered as a kidney donor are carefully tested to ensure they are a suitable donor and are fit for the operation needed to remove a kidney.
Ideally, living donations will come from a close relative because they are more likely to share the same tissue type and blood group as the recipient, which reduces the risk of the body rejecting the kidney.
Kidney donations are also possible from people who have recently died. This is known as deceased kidney donation. However, this type of kidney donation has a slightly lower chance of long-term success.
The living kidney transplantation program in Iran has evolved in the past 20 years and is currently the one of the largest programs in world.
currently, approximately 40000 kidney transplantations have been performed kidney transplant centers in Iran.
Approximately 60% of the kidney transplant in Iran is from people with brain deaths and other survivors. This has led to an increase in the number of kidney transplants in Iran.
Approximately 85% of those who carry out kidney transplants, after 3 years, also work on their kidneys, which shows that there are good successes in this area.
If you receive a kidney from a living donor, this will be a carefully planned operation.
If you're waiting for a deceased donor kidney, the transplant center will contact you when a suitable kidney becomes available. This can happen at any time of the day or night. Staff at the center will check you don't have any new medical problems and will ask you to go to the center, where final checks will be performed to be sure the transplant should go ahead.
You'll then have surgery to insert the new kidney and connect it to your blood vessels and bladder. The new kidney will be placed in the lower part of your abdomen (tummy). Your own kidneys will usually be left in place.
A kidney transplant is a major surgical procedure with a wide range of potential risks. In the short term, these risks include blood clots and infection. Longer-term problems, which include diabetes and an increased risk of infections, are usually related to the medication you need to take to reduce the chance of rejection.
Because of the risk of further problems, people who have had a kidney transplant require regular check-ups for the rest of their life.
Having a healthy lifestyle after a kidney transplant goes a long way to minimize the risk of complications.
Therefore, it's recommended that you:
stop smoking if you smoke
eat a healthy diet
lose weight if you are overweight or obese
take steps to reduce your risk of developing infections.