A bunion is a deformity of the big toe joint. It is also called hallux valgus. The base of the big toe becomes large, painful and a sore lump, over time. Because of the deformity, the big toe presses onto the second toe and can be uncomfortable and painful.
The cost of a bunion Surgery in Iran start from $900.
but Cost of bunion surgery and rehabilitation in other countries start from $2000 and comes to $7500 .
In average the bunion Surgery Cost in iran 250% less than world price.
The signs and symptoms of a bunion include:
A bulging bump on the outside of the base of your big toe
Swelling, redness or soreness around your big toe joint
Thickening of the skin at the base of your big toe
Corns or calluses — these often develop where the first and second toes overlap
Persistent or intermittent pain
Restricted movement of your big toe
Although bunions often require no medical treatment, see your doctor or a doctor who specializes in treating foot disorders (podiatrist or orthopedic foot specialist) if you have:
Persistent big toe or foot pain
A visible bump on your big toe joint
Decreased movement of your big toe or foot
Difficulty finding shoes that fit properly because of a bunion
You’ll need to undergo a few medical tests to check your overall health before scheduling bunion removal. Your doctor will:
1.take an X-ray of your lungs
2.perform an electrocardiogram to check your heart function
3.test your urine and blood for any underlying illnesses
4.You may need to stop taking medications a few days before surgery, particularly if you take aspirin or other blood-thinning drugs.
Bunion removal surgery is usually an outpatient procedure. This means that you can go home a few hours after the operation and after the general anesthesia has worn off.
Your doctor will determine how long you should fast, or not eat or drink anything, before the surgery based on your surgery time. Follow their directions carefully to avoid possible complications.
Many people don’t need a general anesthetic during bunion removal surgery. Instead, you’ll get a local anesthetic called an ankle block. An ankle block makes you numb below the ankle, but you’ll be awake for the surgery.
Once you’re completely numb, the surgeon will remove the bunion and make other repairs to your foot. Some of the most common types of bunion removal procedures are osteotomy, exostectomy, and arthrodesis.
In an osteotomy, your surgeon will cut your big toe joint and realign it to a normal position.
In an exostectomy, your surgeon will remove your bunion from the joint without performing an alignment.
In an arthrodesis, your surgeon will replace the damaged joint with screws or metal plates to correct the deformity.
Your surgeon will bandage your foot after the surgery and take you to the recovery room. Your blood pressure and heart rate will be monitored as you wait for the anesthesia to wear off.
Generally, you can go home after a couple of hours in recovery.
While recovery after bunion surgery takes about six to eight weeks, full recovery from bunion removal surgery can take an average of four to six months.
For the first two weeks following your surgery, you’ll wear a surgical boot or cast to protect your foot. You should avoid getting your stitches wet.
After removing the cast or boot, you’ll wear a brace to support your foot while you heal. You won’t be able to bear weight on your foot at first, and you’ll need crutches for assistance. Gradually, you can start putting some weight on your foot, using a walker or crutches for support.
Keep off your feet as much as you can. Ice your foot and toe to speed healing and reduce inflammation. After a week or two, you can drive if necessary.
Expect your foot to remain swollen to some degree for several months after bunion removal. Wear shoes with ample room to minimize your pain. Women should try to avoid wearing high heels for at least six months after bunion removal.
Your doctor may send you to physical therapy, where you’ll learn exercises that can strengthen your foot and lower leg.