Bladder Cancer Risk Factors

Bladder Cancer Risk Factors

Bladder Cancer Risk Factors

Risk factors for Bladder Cancer

A risk factor is anything that increases your chance of getting a disease such as cancer. Different cancers have different risk factors. Some risk factors, like smoking, can be changed. Others, like a person’s age or family history, can’t be changed.

Having a risk factor, or even many, does not mean that you will get cancer. And some people who get cancer may have few or no known risk factors.


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Factors that may increase bladder cancer risk include:

. Smoking. Smoking cigarettes, cigars or pipes may increase the risk of bladder cancer by causing harmful chemicals to accumulate in the urine. When you smoke, your body processes the chemicals in the smoke and excretes some of them in your urine. These harmful chemicals may damage the lining of your bladder, which can increase your risk of cancer.

. Increasing age. Bladder cancer risk increases as you age. Though it can occur at any age, most people diagnosed with bladder cancer are older than 55.

. Being male. Men are more likely to develop bladder cancer than women are.

. Exposure to certain chemicals. Your kidneys play a key role in filtering harmful chemicals from your bloodstream and moving them into your bladder. Because of this, it's thought that being around certain chemicals may increase the risk of bladder cancer. Chemicals linked to bladder cancer risk include arsenic and chemicals used in the manufacture of dyes, rubber, leather, textiles and paint products.

. Previous cancer treatment. Treatment with the anti-cancer drug cyclophosphamide increases the risk of bladder cancer. People who received radiation treatments aimed at the pelvis for a previous cancer have a higher risk of developing bladder cancer.

. Chronic bladder inflammation. Chronic or repeated urinary infections or inflammations (cystitis), such as might happen with long-term use of a urinary catheter, may increase the risk of a squamous cell bladder cancer. In some areas of the world, squamous cell carcinoma is linked to chronic bladder inflammation caused by the parasitic infection known as schistosomiasis.

. Personal or family history of cancer. If you've had bladder cancer, you're more likely to get it again. If one of your blood relatives — a parent, sibling or child — has a history of bladder cancer, you may have an increased risk of the disease, although it's rare for bladder cancer to run in families. A family history of Lynch syndrome, also known as hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), can increase the risk of cancer in the urinary system, as well as in the colon, uterus, ovaries and other organs.


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Although there's no guaranteed way to prevent bladder cancer, you can take steps to help reduce your risk. For instance:

. Don't smoke. If you don't smoke, don't start. If you smoke, talk to your doctor about a plan to help you stop. Support groups, medications and other methods may help you quit.

. Take caution around chemicals. If you work with chemicals, follow all safety instructions to avoid exposure.

. Choose a variety of fruits and vegetables. Choose a diet rich in a variety of colorful fruits and vegetables. The antioxidants in fruits and vegetables may help reduce your risk of cancer.

. Drink plenty of liquids. There's evidence that drinking a lot of fluids – mainly water – might lower a person’s risk of bladder cancer.



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10 common questions about bladder cancer risk factors

1Does bladder cancer run in families?
It's unusual for bladder cancer to run in families, but some types may have a hereditary link. Having one or more immediate family members with bladder cancer doesn't mean you'll get this disease. Although genetics may play a role, other factors that affect your risk, such as lifestyle choices, are under your control.
2What kind of chemicals cause bladder cancer?
Certain industrial chemicals have been linked with bladder cancer. Chemicals called aromatic amines, such as benzidine and beta-naphthylamine, which are sometimes used in the dye industry, can cause bladder cancer
3At what age does bladder cancer occur?
Bladder cancer occurs mainly in older people. About 9 out of 10 people with this cancer are over the age of 55. The average age at the time of diagnosis is 73. Overall, the chance men will develop this cancer during their life is about 1 in 27.30 Jan 2019
4What are considered risk factors for developing bladder and kidney cancers?
While the exact cause of bladder cancer is not known, certain risk factors are linked to the disease, including tobacco smoking and exposure to certain chemicals and gases. Also, people with a family history of bladder cancer have a high risk of developing the disease.
5What causes cancer in bladder?
These abnormal cells form a tumor. Causes of bladder cancer include: Smoking and other tobacco use. Exposure to chemicals, especially working in a job that requires exposure to chemicals.
6Is bladder cancer common in females?
Women & Bladder Cancer. Bladder cancer has long been considered a disease of older men. Though it is more prevalent in men, studies have shown that women are more likely to present more advanced tumors and have a worse prognosis than men at almost every stage of the disease.
7Can you smell bladder cancer?
Smelling Cancer: Device Detects Bladder Cancer From Odor of Urine. The smell of urine is not usually associated with having life-saving properties. ... In the US, an estimated 72,570 new bladder cancer cases will be diagnosed in 2013 with 15,210 succumbing to the disease
8How long can you live after being diagnosed with bladder cancer?
For a person with stage 4 bladder cancer, the 5-year relative survival rate is around 5 percent. This means that the person is 5 percent as likely as someone without cancer to live for a minimum of 5 years after diagnosis.
9What is the first sign of bladder cancer?
In most cases, blood in the urine (called hematuria) is the first sign of bladder cancer. There may be enough blood to change the color of the urine to orange, pink, or, less often, dark red.
10Does bladder cancer spread quickly?
They tend to grow and spread slowly. High-grade bladder cancers look less like normal bladder cells. These cancers are more likely to grow and spread. They can be harder to treat.

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