Tympanoplasty surgery complications

Tympanoplasty surgery complications

 Tympanoplasty surgery complications

 Pain, infection and bleeding are complications of any surgical procedure. These are fortunately rare in ear surgery. Blood loss after tympanoplasty surgery is usually too small to measure. The ear is numbed with long lasting drugs that generally keep the patient comfortable for many hours. Most patients use Tylenol or Motrin/Advil for pain. Narcotics are occasionally used. Infection after ear surgery is very rare. Antibiotics are used for 1 week after medial and lateral tympanoplasty.

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The most common complication is failure of the hole to heal. The frequency of this depends on its size, location, health of the ear and procedure chosen. It can occur in up to 8% of difficult cases. Most patients can then go on to have revision surgery which is usually successful. A second complication is hearing loss. Most patients enjoy improvement of their hearing after successful tympanoplasty but scar tissue formation, Eustachian tube problems and problems with the bones in the middle ear can result in on-going hearing loss. The hearing can rarely be worse after surgery. Conductive, sensorineural or mixed hearing loss may occur. Tinnitus, or ringing in the ear can occur if the hearing worsens.

Taste change can occur after ear surgery due to a nerve of taste that runs under the eardrum and brings taste to the side of the tongue. Loss of taste on the side of the tongue can occur in up to 10% of ear procedures and last for a few months. It can rarely be permanent and is more of a problem in patients who have had surgery in their other ear.

Vertigo and dizziness is common after ear surgery but is usually short-lived and rarely persists. Many medications are given during surgery to prevent nausea and vomiting.

Facial nerve paralysis is a very rare complication of ear surgery. The facial nerve travels through the ear and can rarely be injured during surgery. A facial nerve monitor is used during medial and lateral tympanoplasty which delivers an EMG of the facial nerve to prevent injury

10 common questions about Tympanoplasty surgery complications

1What happens after tympanoplasty surgery?
Ear pain and soreness are also common after surgery. These symptoms should go away during the first 3 to 5 days after surgery. Your doctor may prescribe pain medicine to take home for the first few days after surgery
2What is tympanoplasty surgery?
Tympanoplasty is the surgical operation performed for the reconstruction of the eardrum (tympanic membrane) and/or the small bones of the middle ear (ossicles).
3How long does it take to recover from ear surgery?
It usually takes about 2 months for the ear canal to fully heal before water is allowed back into the ear. Because of swelling, fluid, and packing placed in the ear canal after surgery, hearing will be worse right after surgery
4Is Tympanoplasty a major surgery?
Tympanoplasty. A tympanoplasty is performed if the hole in your eardrum is large or if you have a chronic ear infection that cannot be cured with antibiotics. You will most likely be in the hospital for this surgery and will be placed under general anesthesia. You will be unconscious during this procedure
5Is a tympanoplasty painful?
Tympanoplasty (say "tim-PAN-oh-plass-tee") is surgery to repair a hole in the eardrum. ... You may feel dizzy for a few days after surgery. The cut (incision) the doctor made behind your ear may be sore, and you may have ear pain for about a week. Some bloody fluid may drain from your ear canal and the incision.
6How do you sleep after tympanoplasty?
RESUMING ACTIVITIES - It is advisable to sleep with the head of the bed elevated for the first week after surgery. This helps to minimize swelling behind the ear and in the middle ear cavity. The head of the bed may be elevated by sleeping on two or three pillows or by placing several pillows under the mattress
7Can Tympanoplasty restore hearing?
HEARING LOSS – A tympanoplasty is performed to help restore normal hearing. However, some hearing loss (more common with ossiculoplasty) may still be present after the procedure. An operation is termed successful if the hearing is restored within 10-15 decibels of normal
8How long after ear surgery Can you swim?
heart bypass surgery – you can swim after 3 months. cataract surgery – you should avoid swimming for 4 to 6 weeks. appendectomy (after having appendicitis) – you can swim after your stitches have been removed, the wound has healed and you have made a full recovery (usually at least 2 weeks)
9How long is tympanoplasty surgery?
Myringoplasty usually takes between 10 and 30 minutes. Tympanoplasty usually takes from 2 to 3 hours. Recovery from general anesthetic can take several hours. Your child might be prescribed medications after the surgery.
10How do you wash your hair after ear surgery?
You may shampoo your hair 48 hours after surgery carefully. Keep the ear canal dry with Vaseline impregnated cotton balls. Gently dry the hair with a towel and avoid vigorous rubbing over the incision area.

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