Infertility treatment medicines

Infertility treatment medicines

Fertility drugs

Are fertility drugs safe?

What fertility pills make twins?

How long does it take for fertility pills to work?

Fertility drugs side effects

What is the best fertility drug to get pregnant?

 

Fertility drugs

Fertility drugs are still the main treatment for women with ovulation disorders. Some of these drugs are eatable and some are injectable. These drugs work by releasing hormones that will initiate or regulate ovulation. The use of ovulation drugs alongside treatment methods increases the chances of pregnancy in women. Here you will find some of the common medications prescribed for infertility treatment.

Ovarian-stimulating drugs

One of the most common medications for infertility treatment is ovarian stimulating drugs for ovulation. Taking these medications can help your body release more mature eggs at one time. These medications are commonly used alongside assisted reproductive techniques such as IVF or IVF or IUI to increase the chance of pregnancy. Some of these types of drugs are as follows:

Clomiphene Citrate Pills: This drug, also known as Clomid or Serofen, is the first choice of physicians for infertility treatment and has been used for over 40 years. It releases hormones like follicle-stimulating hormone, gonadotropin-releasing gnrh, and luteinizing hormone or lh. These hormones stimulate the ovary to prepare eggs. The drug is usually given as a pill in a 5 mg daily dose for five days. It should usually start on the third to fifth day of the month, and you should expect ovulation after about seven days.

 

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Human chorionic gonadotropin hormone, or hcg :

This hormone is commonly used in combination with other fertility drugs to stimulate the ovary and release the ovum or mature eggs. This injectable is injected intramuscularly and one can learn it by doing it at home. Some brands of this drug, some foreign and some Iranian, include ivf-c, pregnyl, chorago and choriomon.

Follicle-Stimulating Hormone: This hormone stimulates egg production and growth in the ovary. The drug is usually given as a subcutaneous injection and should be injected subcutaneously and the individual can do this by training at home. Some of the names available in Iran include gonal-f, bravelle, urofollitropin, and karma. These medicines are available internally and externally and are prescribed by your doctor.

 

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Human menopausal gonadotropin hormone or hmg:

This drug is a combination of follicle stimulating hormone or lh and is currently one of the most powerful drugs for infertility treatment in Iran. This drug is available in Iranian market with names like menopur, menotropins, ivf-m and karma hmg.

Gonadotropin-releasing hormone or gnrh: This drug, unlike hmg drugs, which contains the luteinizing hormone and lh, stimulates the release of luteinizing hormone and lh from the pituitary gland. The drug is usually prescribed injectable and is available in Iran with the names relefact, lutrelef, lh-rh, and synafact and superfact.

 

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Each of these drugs can be used to stimulate or control ovulation as a treatment for some of the infertility problems along with infertility and assisted fertility treatments. These medications are prescribed by a physician at different doses, either by injection or by pill, depending on the use. Some of the above-mentioned injectable drugs are injected under the skin and others into the muscle. The injection site may include the abdomen, arm, upper thigh or hip. Injections usually begin on the second or third day of the period cycle and continue for seven to four consecutive days. Your doctor will tell you the dosage and type of injection, which is also written in the medicine leaflet. Ovulation induction medications may cause mild side effects such as allergies, infections, swelling or bruising at the injection site. There is also the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation, a complication where the ovaries become large and painful. Ovulation-stimulating medications also increase the chance of multiple pregnancies, which can pose risks to mother and child.

Other medicines to help and improve fertility that may be prescribed by a doctor for women are listed below:

Aspirin: Research has shown that in certain cases, aspirin can reduce the risk of miscarriage. This medicine must be taken with a doctor's diagnosis.

Heparin: A drug to reduce the risk of miscarriage in women who have experienced recurrent spontaneous abortion for specific reasons.

Modorell: This drug is a steroid that can help fertilize eggs for implantation. Moderol may be prescribed when the physician considers it necessary.

Antagon and Cetrotide: a family of ganirelixstate and an injectable drug used to inhibit premature ovulation in women undergoing fertility treatment.

Progesterone: Your doctor may prescribe progesterone as an intravenous injection or suppository a few days after the fetus is transferred to the uterus to prevent miscarriage. This hormone causes sufficient growth of the uterine wall for implantation

 

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Are fertility drugs safe?

Fertility drugs are generally safe and most who have it experience no problems with their health or pregnancy. However, there are some risks to be aware of, which include: bloating, headache, breast tenderness, upset stomach, hot flashes, and mood swings. The most common fertility drug risks are conceiving a multiple pregnancy (like twins or triplets or more) and developing ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS).

 

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What fertility pills make twins?

Clomiphene and gonadotropins are commonly used fertility drugs that can increase your chances of having twins, for every 20 pregnancies conceived with Clomid, only one will result in twins. Clomid, a pill taken by mouth to induce ovulation, causes twin pregnancies between 5% and 12% of the time.

Fertility drugs have a reputation for causing multiple pregnancies meaning more than one child is conceived at one time, resulting in twins, triplets, or even more babies.

If you're taking Clomid (clomiphene), you may be nervous (or excited) about the prospect of having two or more babies at once. However, those newsworthy high-order multiple stories are more likely with injectable fertility drugs that are used during intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in-vitro fertilization (IVF) treatments.

 

How long does it take for fertility pills to work?

You can expect to start ovulating about 7 days after you've taken the last dose. If it doesn't happen right away, your doctor may ask you to increase your dose by 50 milligrams a day each month, up to 150 milligrams. After you start to ovulate, most doctors suggest taking clomiphene for no longer than 6 months.  If you haven't become pregnant after half a year, your doctor will probably prescribe a different medication or suggest that you see an infertility specialist.

How well it works: About 60% to 80% of women who take clomiphene will ovulate, and about half will be able to get pregnant. Most pregnancies happen within three cycles.

 Clomid offers you an 80 percent chance of ovulating, usually within the first three months. Due to this ovulation boost, most women have a 50 percent chance of getting pregnant within the first six months after starting Clomid.

 

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Fertility drugs side effects

The most common side effects include:

  • mood changes, including mood swings, anxiety, and depression
  • temporary physical side effects, including nausea, vomiting, headaches, cramps, and breast tenderness
  • ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
  • multiple births
  • increased risk of pregnancy loss

Some research suggests that certain fertility drugs increase the risk of ovarian and endometrial cancers, among others.

 

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What is the best fertility drug to get pregnant?

Clomiphene citrate (Clomid, Serophene) is the most commonly-prescribed fertility drug for women. Doctors prescribe this drug for women who ovulate irregularly or not at all.  Clomidcauses the pituitary gland to secrete more follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), which starts the development of ovarian follicles containing eggs. If this drug works, ovulation occurs and your ovary will release eggs.

 

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10 common question about Infertility treatment medicines

1What is the best fertility drug to get pregnant?
Clomiphene and gonadotropins are commonly used fertility drugs that can increase your chances of having twins. Clomiphene is a medication available only through prescription. In the United States, the brand names for the drug are Clomid and Serophene.
2What drugs are used for fertility treatment?
Fertility drugs may include: Clomiphene citrate. Clomiphene citrate is taken by mouth and stimulates ovulation by causing the pituitary gland to release more FSH and LH , which stimulate the growth of an ovarian follicle containing an egg. Gonadotropins. ... Metformin. ... Letrozole. ... Bromocriptine.
3How is infertility treated?
Treatment for women Stimulating ovulation with fertility drugs. Fertility drugs are the main treatment for women who are infertile due to ovulation disorders. ... Intrauterine insemination (IUI). ... Surgery to restore fertility. Jul 25, 2019
4How long can you take letrozole for infertility?
You will take two tablets (5 mg total) of letrozole daily, starting on Cycle Day 3 (the first day of menses is Cycle Day 1) and ending on Cycle Day 7. You can take the two pills together, and the time of day is not important (just be consistent for the five days).
5How can I boost my fertility?
Here are 17 natural ways to boost fertility and get pregnant faster. Eat Foods That Are Rich in Antioxidants. ... Eat a Bigger Breakfast. ... Avoid Trans Fats. ... Cut Down on Carbs. ... Eat Less Refined Carbs. ... Eat More Fiber. ... Swap Protein Sources. ... Choose High-Fat Diary. More items...•Jun 15, 2017
6How can I make myself more fertile?
If you want to become a healthier you than you've ever been and improve your fertility, here are 10 ways you can do it. ... 10 Unexpected Things That Can Make You More Fertile Remove These Toxins From Your Diet. ... Check Your Cosmetics. ... Incorporate Herbs. ... Stay Hydrated. ... Cut Back On Caffeine. ... Stay Active, But Don't Go To Extremes.
7What are fertility pills?
Fertility drugs work by increasing the levels of certain hormones in your body, helping to mature and release one or more eggs each month (ovulation). ... Some fertility drugs are used in IVF treatment because controlling the development and release of eggs from your ovaries can improve your chance of success .
8What does letrozole do for infertility?
Letrozole. Letrozole is used frequently as an infertility treatment. It is a recent addition to the drugs that are currently used for fertility treatment. This medication is a helpful aid to induce an egg to develop and be released in women who are not ovulating naturally; this is known as ovulation induction.
9Are fertility pills safe?
Risks of fertility treatment. Fertility treatments are generally very safe – most women are no more likely to experience problems with their health or pregnancy than women who have conceived naturally.
10Can infertility be cured?
There are many available treatments, which will depend on the cause of infertility. Many infertile couples will go on to conceive a child without treatment. After trying to get pregnant for two years, about 95 percent of couples successfully conceive.

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