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heart pacemaker surgery in Iran

heart pacemaker surgery in Iran

heart pacemaker surgery in Iran

A pacemaker is an electrically charged medical device. Your surgeon implants it under your skin to help manage irregular heartbeats called arrhythmias.

Modern pacemakers have two parts. One part, called the pulse generator, contains the battery and the electronics that control your heartbeat. The other part is one or more leads to send electrical signals to your heart. Leads are small wires that run from the pulse generator to your heart.

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Pacemakers generally treat two types of arrhythmias:

  • tachycardia, a heartbeat that’s too fast
  • bradycardia, a heartbeat that’s too slow
  • heart block (where your heart beats irregularly because the electrical signals that control your heartbeat aren't transmitted properly)
  • cardiac arrest (when a problem with the heart's electrical signals cause the heart to stop beating altogether)

Types of pacemakers in iran

Depending on your condition, you might have one of the following types of pacemakers.

  • Single chamber pacemaker. This type usually carries electrical impulses to the right ventricle of your heart.
  • Dual chamber pacemaker. This type carries electrical impulses to the right ventricle and the right atrium of your heart to help control the timing of contractions between the two chambers.
  • Biventricular pacemaker. Biventricular pacing, also called cardiac resynchronization therapy, is for people with heart failure with abnormal electrical systems. This type of pacemaker stimulates the lower chambers of the heart (the right and left ventricles) to make the heart beat more efficiently.

Before heart pacemaker surgery in Iran

How you should prepare for pacemaker in Iran?

Before receiving a pacemaker, you’ll need several tests. These tests can ensure that a pacemaker is the right choice for you.

  • An echocardiogram uses sound waves to measure the size and thickness of your heart muscle.
  • For an electrocardiogram, a nurse or doctor places sensors on your skin that measure your heart’s electrical signals.
  • For Holter monitoring, you wear a device that tracks your heart rhythm for 24 hours.
  • A stress test monitors your heart rate while you exercise.

If a pacemaker is right for you, you’ll need to plan for the surgery. Your doctor will give you complete instructions on how to prepare.

  • Don’t drink or eat anything after midnight the night before your surgery.
  • Follow your doctor’s instructions about which medicines to stop taking.
  • If your doctor prescribes medicines for you to take before the test, take them.
  • Shower and shampoo well. Your doctor may want you to use a special soap. This reduces your chances of developing a potentially serious infection.

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How is pacemaker surgery performed in Iran?

During the pacemaker surgery one or more flexible, insulated wires are inserted into a major vein under or near your collarbone and guided to your heart using X-ray images. One end of each wire is secured to the appropriate position in your heart, while the other end is attached to the pulse generator, which is usually implanted under the skin beneath your collarbone.

After pacemaker surgery in Iran

How is the pacemaker recovery in Iran?

You should be able to return to normal physical activities soon after surgery.

As a precaution, it's usually recommended that strenuous activities are avoided for around 4 to 6 weeks after having a pacemaker fitted.

After this, you should be able to do most activities and sports.

You'll be able to feel the pacemaker, but you'll soon get used to it. It may seem a bit heavy at first, and may feel uncomfortable when you lie in certain positions.

You'll need to attend regular check-ups to make sure your pacemaker is working properly. Most pacemakers store information about your natural heart rhythms.

When you have follow-up appointments, your doctor can retrieve this information and use it to check how well your heart and the pacemaker are working.

What are the pacemaker risks and complications in Iran?

A person is likely to feel some pain or tenderness around the area of insertion, but this should be temporary. Other risks involve:

  • swelling or bleeding at the site of insertion
  • infection
  • blood vessel or nerve damage
  • a collapsed lung
  • a reaction to medications

Having a pacemaker implanted is usually a very safe procedure with a low risk of complications.

The biggest concern is the pacemaker losing its ability to control the heartbeat, either because it malfunctions or the wire moves out of the correct position.

It's sometimes possible to reprogramme the pacemaker to fix a malfunction using wireless signals.

But further surgery may be needed if the pacemaker moves out of position.

10 common questions about heart pacemaker surgery

1Is getting a pacemaker a major surgery?
Getting A Pacemaker Implanted The procedure to implant a pacemaker does not require open heart surgery, and most people go home within 24 hours. Before the surgery, medication may be given to make you sleepy and comfortable. Generally, the procedure is performed under local anesthesia.
2How long does it take to recover from a pacemaker surgery?
You'll usually be able to do all the things you want to do after around 4 weeks. The time you need off work will depend on your job. Your cardiologist will usually be able to advise you about this. Typically, people who have had a pacemaker fitted are advised to take 3 to 7 days off.
3How dangerous is surgery for a pacemaker?
Complications from surgery to implant your pacemaker are uncommon, but could include: Infection where the pacemaker was implanted. Allergic reaction to the dye or anesthesia used during your procedure. Swelling, bruising or bleeding at the generator site, especially if you take blood thinners
4What does a pacemaker do for the heart?
A pacemaker is a small device that's placed in the chest or abdomen to help control abnormal heart rhythms. This device uses electrical pulses to prompt the heart to beat at a normal rate. Pacemakers are used to treat arrhythmias (ah-RITH-me-ahs). Arrhythmias are problems with the rate or rhythm of the heartbeat
5What is the most common age for a pacemaker?
Surveys have shown that up to 80% of pacemakers are implanted in the elderly and the average age of pacemaker recipients is now 75 ± 10 years. Although considered by many as "minor" surgery, pacemaker implantation complications may occur in up to 3%–4% of cases
6What to expect when you get a pacemaker?
A pacemaker can prevent or reduce dizziness, fainting, and shortness of breath caused by a slow or unsteady heartbeat. Your chest may be sore where the doctor made the cut (incision) and put in the pacemaker. You also may have a bruise and mild swelling. These symptoms usually get better in 1 to 2 weeks.
7Can you drive after getting a pacemaker?
You can drive if you have a pacemaker and you don't have any symptoms such as fainting. But right after you get a pacemaker, your doctor may ask you to not drive for at least a week after the device is implanted
8Can you lift weights with a pacemaker?
A moderate session once a week at the gym should be fine. Ask if a trainer can show you exercises that are suitable for someone with a pacemaker. Weightlifting with repetitive flexing of the chest muscle on the side where the device is implanted is ill-advised
9What is the difference between a pacemaker and an ICD?
Like a pacemaker, an implantable cardioverter defibrillator, or ICD, is a device placed under your skin. It also contains a computer that tracks your heart rate and rhythm. The main difference is that if your heart beats way too fast or is very out of rhythm, the ICD sends out a shock to get it back into rhythm
10Can you take blood pressure on left arm with pacemaker?
You will need to be careful not to put too much pressure on the arm nearest the pacemaker site (usually the left arm), or to lift that arm up too far. Your doctor and the hospital staff will advise you on the best way to sit up, and how far you can move your arm.

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