Heart pacemaker surgery

heart pacemaker surgery in Iran

Heart Pacemaker Surgery

Heart Pacemaker Surgery cost in Iran vs India
What is the cost of a heart pacemaker?
What is a Pacemaker?

A pacemaker is a small device that's placed under the skin in your chest to help control your heartbeat. It's used to help your heart beat more regularly if you have an irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia), particularly a slow one. Implanting a pacemaker in your chest requires a surgical procedure.

Pacemakers generally treat two types of arrhythmias:

. Tachycardia, a heartbeat that’s too fast

. Bradycardia, a heartbeat that’s too slow

About Iranian Surgery

Iranian surgery is an online medical tourism platform where you can find the best Cardiac Surgeons and hospitals in Iran. The price of a heart pacemaker surgery in Iran can vary according to each individual’s case and will be determined based on an in-person assessment with the doctor and the type of pacemaker. So if you are looking for the cost of heart pacemaker surgery in Iran, you can contact us and get free consultation from Iranian surgery.

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Before Heart Pacemakers Surgery

Why it's done

Why do I need a pacemaker?

You need a pacemaker if your heart is pumping too quickly or slowly. In either case, your body doesn’t get enough blood. This can cause:

. Fatigue

. Fainting or lightheadedness

. Shortness of breath

. Damage to vital organs

. Eventual death

A pacemaker regulates your body’s electrical system, which controls your heart rhythm. With each heartbeat, an electrical impulse travels from the top of your heart to the bottom, signaling your heart’s muscles to contract.

A pacemaker can also track and record your heartbeat. A record can help your doctor better understand your arrhythmia.

Not all pacemakers are permanent. Temporary pacemakers can control certain types of problems. You may need a temporary pacemaker after a heart attack or heart surgery. You may also need one if a medication overdose temporarily slowed your heart.

Your doctor or cardiologist will test you to see if you’re a good candidate for a pacemaker.

How your heart beats

The heart is a muscular, fist-sized pump with four chambers, two on the left side and two on the right. The upper chambers (right and left atria) and the lower chambers (right and left ventricles) work with your heart's electrical system to keep your heart beating at an appropriate rate — usually 60 to 100 beats a minute for adults at rest.

Your heart's electrical system controls your heartbeat, beginning in a group of cells at the top of the heart (sinus node) and spreading to the bottom, causing it to contract and pump blood. Aging, heart muscle damage from a heart attack, some medications and certain genetic defects can cause an abnormal heart rhythm.

What a pacemaker does

An implanted electronic pacemaker mimics the action of your natural electrical system. A pacemaker comprises two parts:

. Pulse generator. This small metal container houses a battery and the electrical circuitry that regulates the rate of electrical pulses sent to your heart.

. Leads (electrodes). One to three flexible, insulated wires are each placed in a chamber, or chambers, of your heart and deliver the electrical pulses to adjust your heart rate.

Pacemakers work only when needed. If your heartbeat is too slow (bradycardia), the pacemaker sends electrical signals to your heart to correct the beat.

Also, newer pacemakers have sensors that detect body motion or breathing rate, which signal the pacemakers to increase heart rate during exercise, as needed.

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How you prepare

How do I prepare for a pacemaker Surgery?

Before your doctor decides if you need a pacemaker, you'll have several tests done to find the cause of your irregular heartbeat. These could include:

. Electrocardiogram (ECG). In this noninvasive test, sensor pads with wires attached, called electrodes, are placed on your chest and sometimes your limbs to measure your heart's electrical impulses.

. Holter monitoring. This is a portable version of an ECG. It's especially useful in diagnosing rhythm disturbances that occur at unpredictable times. You wear the monitor, and it records information about the electrical activity of your heart as you go about your normal activities for a day or two.

Some personal devices, such as smartwatches, offer electrocardiogram monitoring. Ask your doctor if this is an option for you.

. Echocardiogram. This noninvasive test uses harmless sound waves that allow your doctor to see the action of your heart. A small instrument called a transducer is placed on your chest. It transmits the collected sound waves (echoes) from your heart to a machine that uses the sound wave patterns to compose images of your beating heart on a monitor.

. Stress test. Some heart problems occur only during exercise. For a stress test, an electrocardiogram is taken before and immediately after walking on a treadmill or riding a stationary bike. In some cases, an echocardiogram or nuclear imaging are done.

If a pacemaker is right for you, you’ll need to plan for the surgery. Your doctor will give you complete instructions on how to prepare.

. Don’t drink or eat anything after midnight the night before your surgery.

. Follow your doctor’s instructions about which medicines to stop taking.

. If your doctor prescribes medicines for you to take before the test, take them.

. Shower and shampoo well. Your doctor may want you to use a special soap. This reduces your chances of developing a potentially serious infection.

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Risks and Complications

What are the Risks and complications associated with a pacemaker?

Every medical procedure has some risks. Most risks associated with a pacemaker are from the surgical installation. They include:

. Allergic reaction to the dye or anesthesia used during your procedure

. Bleeding

. Bruising

. Damaged nerves or blood vessels

. An infection at the site of the incision

. A collapsed lung, which is rare

. A punctured heart, which is also rare

. Swelling

Most complications are temporary. Life-altering complications are rare.

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During Heart Pacemakers Surgery

Types of pacemakers

Depending on your condition, you might have one of the following types of pacemakers.

. Single chamber pacemaker. This type usually carries electrical impulses to the right ventricle of your heart.

. Dual chamber pacemaker. This type carries electrical impulses to the right ventricle and the right atrium of your heart to help control the timing of contractions between the two chambers.

. Biventricular pacemaker. Biventricular pacing, also called cardiac resynchronization therapy, is for people with heart failure with abnormal electrical systems. This type of pacemaker stimulates the lower chambers of the heart (the right and left ventricles) to make the heart beat more efficiently.

During the procedure

How is pacemaker surgery performed?

Implanting a pacemaker typically takes one to two hours. You’ll receive a sedative to relax you and a local anesthetic to numb the incision site. You’ll be awake during the procedure.

Your surgeon will make a small incision near your shoulder. They’ll guide a small wire through the incision into a major vein near your collarbone. Then the surgeon will lead the wire through your vein to your heart. An X-ray machine will help guide your surgeon through the process.

Using the wire, your surgeon will attach an electrode to your heart’s right ventricle. The ventricle is the lower chamber of the heart. The other end of the wire attaches to a pulse generator. This contains the battery and electrical circuits.

Typically, your surgeon will implant the generator under your skin near your collarbone.

If you’re getting a biventricular pacemaker, your surgeon will attach a second lead to your heart’s right atrium, and a third lead to the left ventricle. The atrium is the upper chamber of the heart.

At the end, your surgeon will close your incision with stitches.

After Heart Pacemakers Surgery

After the procedure

You'll likely stay in the hospital for a day after having a pacemaker implanted. Your pacemaker will be programmed to fit your pacing needs. Arrange to have someone drive you home when you're discharged.

Most pacemakers can be checked remotely. Your pacemaker transmits to and receives information from your doctor's office, including your heart rate and rhythm, how your pacemaker is functioning, and its remaining battery life.

Your doctor might recommend that you avoid vigorous exercise or heavy lifting for about a month. Avoid putting pressure on the area where the pacemaker was implanted. If you have pain in that area, ask your doctor about taking over-the-counter medicines, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others).

Special precautions

It's unlikely that your pacemaker would stop working properly because of electrical interference. Still, you'll need to take a few precautions:

. Cellphones. It's safe to talk on a cellphone, but keep your cellphone at least 6 inches (15 centimeters) away from your pacemaker. Don't keep your phone in a shirt pocket. When talking on your phone, hold it to the ear opposite the side where your pacemaker was implanted.

. Security systems. Passing through an airport metal detector won't interfere with your pacemaker, although the metal in it could sound the alarm. But avoid lingering near or leaning against a metal-detection system.

To avoid potential problems, carry an ID card stating that you have a pacemaker.

. Medical equipment. Make sure all your doctors and dentists know you have a pacemaker. Certain medical procedures, such as magnetic resonance imaging, CT scans, cancer radiation treatment, electrocautery to control bleeding during surgery, and shock wave lithotripsy to break up large kidney stones or gallstones could interfere with your pacemaker.

. Power-generating equipment. Stand at least 2 feet (61 centimeters) from welding equipment, high-voltage transformers or motor-generator systems. If you work around such equipment, ask your doctor about arranging a test in your workplace to determine whether the equipment affects your pacemaker.

Devices that are unlikely to interfere with your pacemaker include microwave ovens, televisions and remote controls, radios, toasters, electric blankets, electric shavers, and electric drills.

Results

Having a pacemaker should improve symptoms caused by slow heartbeat, such as fatigue, lightheadedness and fainting.

Your doctor should check your pacemaker every three to six months. Tell your doctor if you gain weight, if your legs or ankles get puffy, or if you faint or get dizzy.

Your pacemaker's battery should last five to 15 years. When the battery wears out, you'll need surgery to replace it. The procedure to change your pacemaker's battery is often quicker and requires less recovery time than the procedure to implant your pacemaker.

Because most of today's pacemakers automatically adjust your heart rate to match your level of physical activity, they can allow you to resume a more active lifestyle.

10 common questions about heart pacemaker surgery

1Is getting a pacemaker a major surgery?
Getting A Pacemaker Implanted The procedure to implant a pacemaker does not require open heart surgery, and most people go home within 24 hours. Before the surgery, medication may be given to make you sleepy and comfortable. Generally, the procedure is performed under local anesthesia.
2How long does it take to recover from a pacemaker surgery?
You'll usually be able to do all the things you want to do after around 4 weeks. The time you need off work will depend on your job. Your cardiologist will usually be able to advise you about this. Typically, people who have had a pacemaker fitted are advised to take 3 to 7 days off.
3How dangerous is surgery for a pacemaker?
Complications from surgery to implant your pacemaker are uncommon, but could include: Infection where the pacemaker was implanted. Allergic reaction to the dye or anesthesia used during your procedure. Swelling, bruising or bleeding at the generator site, especially if you take blood thinners
4What does a pacemaker do for the heart?
A pacemaker is a small device that's placed in the chest or abdomen to help control abnormal heart rhythms. This device uses electrical pulses to prompt the heart to beat at a normal rate. Pacemakers are used to treat arrhythmias (ah-RITH-me-ahs). Arrhythmias are problems with the rate or rhythm of the heartbeat
5What is the most common age for a pacemaker?
Surveys have shown that up to 80% of pacemakers are implanted in the elderly and the average age of pacemaker recipients is now 75 ± 10 years. Although considered by many as "minor" surgery, pacemaker implantation complications may occur in up to 3%–4% of cases
6What to expect when you get a pacemaker?
A pacemaker can prevent or reduce dizziness, fainting, and shortness of breath caused by a slow or unsteady heartbeat. Your chest may be sore where the doctor made the cut (incision) and put in the pacemaker. You also may have a bruise and mild swelling. These symptoms usually get better in 1 to 2 weeks.
7Can you drive after getting a pacemaker?
You can drive if you have a pacemaker and you don't have any symptoms such as fainting. But right after you get a pacemaker, your doctor may ask you to not drive for at least a week after the device is implanted
8Can you lift weights with a pacemaker?
A moderate session once a week at the gym should be fine. Ask if a trainer can show you exercises that are suitable for someone with a pacemaker. Weightlifting with repetitive flexing of the chest muscle on the side where the device is implanted is ill-advised
9What is the difference between a pacemaker and an ICD?
Like a pacemaker, an implantable cardioverter defibrillator, or ICD, is a device placed under your skin. It also contains a computer that tracks your heart rate and rhythm. The main difference is that if your heart beats way too fast or is very out of rhythm, the ICD sends out a shock to get it back into rhythm
10Can you take blood pressure on left arm with pacemaker?
You will need to be careful not to put too much pressure on the arm nearest the pacemaker site (usually the left arm), or to lift that arm up too far. Your doctor and the hospital staff will advise you on the best way to sit up, and how far you can move your arm.

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