Closed Heart Surgery

Closed heart surgery definition

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Closed Heart Surgery

What is closed Heart Surgery?

When a patient has been diagnosed with a heart defect, surgery may be required to fix the problem. Closed heart surgery generally means that the patient will not need to be placed on a heart-lung bypass machine and the heart will not need to be opened up. This reduces the possibility of complications compared to open heart surgery. Some repairs are best performed using closed heart surgery. In other cases, closed heart surgery may be the first stage of repair for a defect that will require multiple surgeries.

Closed heart surgeries may involve entry into the chest from the front (sternotomy) or from the side between the ribs (thoracotomy). .Many forms of closed heart surgery deal with the major arteries that carry blood to and from the heart rather than with the heart chambers themselves. Some examples are ligation of patent ductus arteriosus, repair of coarctation of the aorta, and the placement of pulmonary artery bands and Blalock-Taussig shunts.


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Some closed heart surgeries are palliative (or temporary) rather than corrective, meaning that they deal with specific problems caused by a heart defect rather than correction of the defect itself. Palliative surgery is often performed on young children who have heart defects that require staged surgeries. These children must be older before additional surgery can be done.

General anesthesia will be given and continually monitored to insure that the patient remains asleep throughout the procedure. Post-operative care of the patient will involve careful monitoring, usually starting in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). The patient will receive medications intravenously to control pain if necessary. Post-operative hospital stays and recovery periods for closed heart surgeries are generally shorter than for open heart surgeries – usually a couple of days.

Dr. Mohammadreza Mirzaaghayan

Cardiac surgeon

Chief of cardiac surgery unit

Department of Surgery

Markaz Tebbi Kodakan

Tehran University of Medical Sciences

Tehran – Iran

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What is open and closed heart surgery?

Open-heart surgery includes any procedure in which the heart is literally opened. … Closed-heart surgery—In closed-heart surgeries, it is still necessary to open the chest, but not to stop the heart or use the heart-lung bypass machine

What is an open heart surgery?

Open-heart surgery is any type of surgery where the chest is cut open and surgery is performed on the muscles, valves, or arteries of the heart. According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) , coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the most common type of heart surgery done on adults

Is all heart surgery open heart surgery?

Open heart surgery. Heart surgery is any surgery done on the heart muscle, valves, arteries, or the aorta and other large arteries connected to the heart. The term “open heart surgery” means that you are connected to a heart-lung bypass machine, or bypass pump during surgery

Who started open heart surgery?

On this date in 1893, the first successful American open-heart surgery was performed by a Black surgeon, Dr. Daniel Hale Williams. Dr. Daniel Williams completed the operation on a young man named James Cornish

How dangerous is an open heart surgery?

The good news is that recent decades have seen a steep drop in serious complications. Today, more than 95 percent of people who undergo coronary bypass surgery do not experience serious complications, and the risk of death immediately after the procedure is only 1–2 percent.

What is the life expectancy after open heart surgery?

Life expectancy after surgery has not. Ninety percent of a group of 1,324 patients operated on between 1972 and 1984 survived five years after surgery, according to one study, and 74 percent survived 10 years. That number has remained relatively stable ever since

Does your personality change after open heart surgery?

Although this condition, often referred to as “pumphead,” is usually short-lived, one study of bypass patients has suggested that the associated cognitive changes might worsen over time. Related research, however, indicates it is unlikely that cardiac surgery significantly alters how the brain works.

What is the most dangerous heart surgery?

According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), the most common heart surgery is the coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)1 to treat severe coronary heart disease, which happens when plaque builds up inside the arteries.

How should you sleep after heart surgery?

If you have pain, take your pain medication about ½ hour before bedtime. Arrange the pillows so you can maintain a comfortable position and decrease muscle strain. Avoid napping too much during the day. Remember to balance activity with rest during recovery from open heart surgery

What causes breathing problems after open heart surgery?

Following open heart surgery pulmonary complications such as atelectasis, congestion, edema, postperfusion lung, pneumothorax, pleural effusion, and hemothorax are common. Respiratory care should be planned to avoid these complications and to treat them promptly should they occur.
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