Chemotherapy types

Chemotherapy types

chemotherapy types

Chemotherapy can be given in several ways. Your doctors will recommend the best type for you.

There are five primary groups of chemotherapy medications:

  • Alkylating agentsare most effective when a cancer cell is its resting phase and not actively dividing. this group of medicines works directly on DNA to keep the cell from reproducing itself. These drugs will kill cells in all phases of the cell cycle. Some examples of alkylating agents are Chlorambucil, Cyclophosphamide, Cisplatin, and Carboplatin.
  • Plant alkaloidswork as cancer cells divide. As the name implies, this class of chemotherapy drugs derives from plants.
  • Antitumor antibioticsare derived from fungi and work at many different phases of a cancer cell’s life cycle.
  • Antimetabolites mimic components of cancer cells and work at specific phases of a cancer cell’s life cycle to disrupt its ability to divide.
  • Topoisomerase inhibitorsact by weakening the structure of a cancer cell that is necessary for it to divide.

There are other types of chemotherapy medications which are unique in their ability to attack cancer cells.

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10 common questions about Chemotherapy types

1How many different types of chemotherapy are there?
Chemotherapy Drugs. There are more than 100 different chemotherapy drugs. Below are the seven main types of chemotherapy, the types of cancer they treat, and examples. The caution includes things that differ from typical chemotherapy side effects.
2What is the strongest chemo drug?
Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) is one of the most powerful chemotherapy drugs ever invented. It can kill cancer cells at every point in their life cycle, and it's used to treat a wide variety of cancers. Unfortunately, the drug can also damage heart cells, so a patient can't take it indefinitely.
3Is chemotherapy painful?
The actual chemotherapy process is usually painless. Some chemo drugs may cause a slight burning as they enter your vein, but this is usually minor and tends to ease as the infusion progresses. ... If during a session you feel any genuine pain or discomfort, let your chemo nurse know
4What type of cancer is chemotherapy used for?
Chemotherapy can be used as the primary or sole treatment for cancer. After other treatments, to kill hidden cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be used after other treatments, such as surgery, to kill any cancer cells that might remain in the body. Doctors call this adjuvant therapy.
5Is radiation better than chemo?
Radiation therapy can take place on its own, but it's frequently combined with chemotherapy as a comprehensive cancer treatment program. Radiation therapy differs from chemotherapy — it is used to treat just the tumor, so it affects only the part of the body that has cancer
6Can chemo kill you?
But chemotherapy does a lot more than get rid of cancer. While these drugs are powerful enough to kill rapidly growing cancer cells, they also can harm healthy cells. ... While most side effects clear up shortly after treatment ends, some may continue well after chemotherapy has ended
7How many cycles of chemo is normal?
Most chemotherapy treatments are given in repeating cycles. The length of a cycle depends on the treatment being given. Most cycles range from 2 to 6 weeks. The number of treatment doses scheduled within each cycle also varies depending on the drugs being given.
8What is Red Devil chemo?
Adriamycin (doxorubicin)—also known by the trade names Rubex and Doxil—is a chemotherapy drug that can slow or stop the growth of cancer cells. ... It is one of the chemotherapy drugs likely to cause hair loss, and can also cause heart damage for some people
9Can cancer grow while on chemo?
Chemotherapy is an effective treatment for breast cancer, yet some patients develop metastasis in spite of it. ... If the tumor resists neoadjuvant therapy, there can be a higher risk of developing metastatic disease, meaning that the tumor will recur in other organs, such as bones or lungs
10Which chemo drug is called the Red Devil?
Doxorubicin Doxorubicin. Doxorubicin, sold under the trade names Adriamycin among others, is a chemotherapy medication used to treat cancer. This includes breast cancer, bladder cancer, Kaposi's sarcoma, lymphoma, and acute lymphocytic leukemia. It is often used together with other chemotherapy agents


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