In the current era, surgical aortic valve replacement provides complete symptomatic relief with survival nearly similar to matched normal population with an overall operative mortality of 2% and stroke of 3% or less. Patients generally stay in hospital for one week and take 2-3 months for complete rehabilitation.
Pooled data from 85 studies estimated that 89.7% of people survived for two years after surgery, 78.4% at five years, 57.0% at 10 years, 39.7% at 15 years, and 24.7% at 20 years.
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The life expectancy after valve replacement varies with age, but life-table analyses of large datasets suggest the average life-expectancy of a 60 year old after aortic valve replacement is about 12 years.
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Possible risks of heart valve repair or replacement surgery include: Bleeding during or after the surgery. Blood clots that can cause heart attack, stroke, or lung problems.
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After heart valve surgery, you might be able to return to daily activities, such as working, driving and exercise. Your doctor will discuss with you when you can return to activities. You'll generally need to take certain medications.
You'll need to attend regular follow-up appointments with your doctor. You might have several tests to evaluate and monitor your condition.
Your doctor might instruct you on making healthy lifestyle changes including physical activity, a healthy diet, stress management and avoiding tobacco use — to keep your heart working well.
Your doctor might recommend that you participate in cardiac rehabilitation a program of education and exercise designed to help you recover after heart surgery and improve your overall and cardiovascular health.
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