The procedure of dental implant

dental implant procedure

The procedure of dental implant

In Iran, the most common whole mouth dental implant procedure is Overdentures with 4 dental implants. Fixed Bridges are often referred to as hybrid dentures supported by implants or fixed teeth supported by dental implants.  Only your dentist can remove the teeth during your regular dental cleaning visits.

Seven Simple Steps to Implant Success

  1. Step1: Extract the Tooth. ...
  2. Step2: Graft the Socket. ...
  3. Step3: Allow the Grafted Extraction Site to Heal. ...
  4. Step4: Place the Implant via Flapless Surgery. ...
  5. Step5: Deliver Healing Abutment. ...
  6. Step6: Take Final Impression. ...
  7. Step7: Deliver Screw-Retained Crown.

overview

Dental implants are artificial teeth that are implanted into the mouth and jaw, often used when adults lose adult teeth as they age. Most dental implants are made to look, feel, and act like natural teeth and are the closest thing you can get to natural, healthy teeth. Not only does this help preserve the aesthetic view of the mouth, but dental implants also preserve the overall structure of the mouth by keeping the other teeth from moving out of their normal positions in unnatural or painful ways.

dental implant is made of a metal post topped by an artificial tooth. This implant is installed into the gumline to keep the structure of the remaining teeth and to keep natural chewing and biting intact.

iranian surgeryDental implant surgery replaces the root area of the missing tooth with metal, screw-like posts in which the artificial tooth can be implemented. The artificial teeth look and act just like real ones, so this type of surgery can be a great alternative to wearing dentures or having ill-fitting bridgework done.

Dental implant surgery may be performed in several steps depending upon the kind of implant you’re getting and the health of your jawbone. The process requires the jawbone to heal tightly around the dental implant area, (called osseointegration) effectively assimilating it into the gumline as if it were a natural tooth. The implants are surgically placed within the jawbone and serve as the “root” of the artificial tooth being implemented. Titanium is often used for this procedure because it fuses the implant with the jawbone, remains firmly in place, and won’t decay like some kinds of bridgework.

How Long It Takes

There are several factors that will determine the length of time needed for an implant procedure.

  • Your dental health
  • The number of teeth involved
  • Which teeth are replaced
  • If there will be a tooth extracted prior to implant placement

Good Candidates For Dental Implant Surgery

The best type of candidate for an implant surgery is someone who has the following attributes:

  • Missing one or more teeth
  • Damaged tooth
  • Good oral hygiene
  • Sufficient bone in the jaw to support implants
  • Overall decent physical health

Day of Surgery

The surgical phase is done in the dental office with local anesthesia but can also be done with IV sedation if performed by an oral surgeon.

The First Phase

  1. For the surgical placement of the implant, your mouth will be thoroughly numbed with local anesthesia.
  2. An incision is made in your gums where the implant will go to expose the bone underneath.
  3. A specialized (but quiet) drill will then be used to create a space for the implant in the bone.
  4. The implant itself is then screwed in place with either a hand tool or the same implant drill used to create the initial space.
  5. After the implant is snugly in place, a second component will be screwed into the implant itself and will remain in place during the healing process.
  6. The gums are closed over the implant and a stitch or two may be placed.
  7. Over the course of the next few months, the implant becomes securely attached to the bone.

The Second Phase

  1. The second phase starts with the re-exposure of the implant. Another small incision is made in your gums to expose the implant unless there was a separate component placed on the implant that sits above the gums.
  2. A small extension is placed on the implant for an impression taken. This component is what the lab will use to fit your new crown.
  3. Your dentist will then start a series of appointments to make your new implant crown. Though some of the steps might be different in your case, they usually include making impressions of your teeth. From these impressions, they will make precise working models of your mouth, which are carefully mounted for proper alignment. Your crown is fabricated on these models.
  4. The last step is the final placement of your new crown. In some cases, depending on which tooth is being restored, the dentist may want to try in the new crown before it is completely finished to check the shape and fit of it in your mouth.

 

After Surgery

Discomfort is natural and normal after dental implant surgery. Here’s what you can expect:

  • Swelling of the face and gums
  • Bruising of the gums or skin
  • Pain at the site of your implant surgery
  • Minor bleeding

If any of these symptoms get worse several days after the surgery, contact your dentist or oral surgeon immediately because they may indicate larger issues that need to be addressed by a professional.

To help you heal post-surgery, your dentist or oral surgeon may advise a post-surgery diet of soft foods, compressing ice packs (to help the swelling) and patience while the surgical site heals.

While the majority of dental implants are routine procedures and the majority of dental implant surgeries are successful, there may be complications, including issues with the bone fusing to the implant. This can usually be prevented by doing the following things:

  • Avoid using tobacco products — they can stain your teeth and may increase infections.
  • Practice proper oral hygiene by brushing twice a day and flossing at least once a day.
  • Attend regular dental office visits and examinations to stay on top of your oral health.
  • Avoid bad oral habits, like chewing on ice or hard candies — these can damage both your real teeth and implants.iranian surgery

Risks and complications

Placement of dental implants is a surgical procedure and carries the normal risks of surgery including infection, excessive bleeding and necrosis of the flap of tissue around the implant. Nearby anatomic structures, such as the inferior alveolar nerve, the maxillary sinus and blood vessels, can also be injured when the osteotomy is created or the implant placed. Even when the lining of the maxillary sinus is perforated by an implant, long term sinusitis is rare. An inability to place the implant in bone to provide stability of the implant (referred to as primary stability of the implant) increases the risk of failure to osseointegration.

Immediate post-operative risks

  1. Infection (pre-op antibiotics reduce the risk of implant failure by 33 percent but do not affect the risk of infection).
  2. Excessive bleeding
  3. Flap breakdown (less-than 5 percent)

10 common question about dental implant procedure

1How painful is getting a dental implant?
Each individual's reaction is different but from experience, most patients have little to no discomfort. You can expect to feel some pain when receiving a dental implant. ... A dental implant requires that your dentist make incisions in your gums. You will receive local anesthesia to numb your mouth during the procedure.
2How long does it take to get a dental implant?
1. How Will I Know What to Expect From a Dental Implant Procedure? Initial consultations typically take 45 to 60 minutes and provide you with the opportunity to discuss your options, ask any questions about the dental implant procedure, and find out if it's right for you.
3What are the steps of a dental implant?
Seven Simple Steps to Implant Success Step 1: Extract the Tooth. ... Step 2: Graft the Socket. ... Step 3: Allow the Grafted Extraction Site to Heal. ... Step 4: Place the Implant via Flapless Surgery. ... Step 5: Deliver Healing Abutment. ... Step 6: Take Final Impression. ... Step 7: Deliver Screw-Retained Crown.
4What is the downside of dental implants?
The downsides Getting dental implants is generally considered safe, but as with any surgery, complications may occur, including bleeding; infection; and nerve, sinus or nasal cavity injuries. Other points to keep in mind: Dental implants aren't a quick fix.
5How soon after tooth extraction can you have an implant?
Sometimes, it is possible to place implants on the same day as teeth are extracted but usually, it takes three to six months of healing before you are ready for implant placement. Waiting for a very long time after dental extractions may result in loss of bone, making implant placement more difficult.
6Can I eat normally after dental implants?
For 2 days after surgery, drink liquids and eat soft foods only. Such as milkshakes, eggnog, yo- gurt, cooked cereals, cottage cheese, smooth soups, mashed potatoes, refried beans, ice cream, pudding, fruit smoothies and protein shakes. ... Most patients may resume their normal diet 7 days after surgery.
7Are teeth implants worth it?
Implants are expensive, usually $2,000 to $4,000 for a single tooth, depending on where you live, not counting the crown. Dental insurance typically covers little or none of the cost. ... You might want to compare implants with bridges and dentures in terms of cost, comfort, and durability.
8Which is better implant or bridge?
The implant is not putting any strain on other teeth. Another great advantage of implants is that they can be used to replace more than one missing natural tooth. In the case of a bridge, a dentist will need healthy adjacent teeth for support. ... Dental crowns and bridges will have to be replaced every 10 to 15 years.
9Can your mouth reject an implant?
Late dental implant failure and problems Signs of damage include numbness or tingling in the tongue, lips, gums, or face. Foreign body rejection doesn't occur often, but can happen. This is when the body rejects an implant. ... Injury to the area surrounding a dental implant may loosen the implant, resulting in failure.
10How long does it take for an implant to heal?
Luckily, medication is available to help if you are having a dental implant painful experience, and the healing process should take no more than about seven days.

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