Treatment for spinal stenosis depends on the location of the stenosis and the severity of your signs and symptoms.
Talk to your doctor about the treatment that's best for your situation. If your symptoms are mild or you aren't experiencing any, your doctor may monitor your condition with regular follow-up appointments. He or she may offer some self-care tips that you can do at home. If these don't help, he or she may recommend medications or physical therapy. Surgery may be an option if other treatments haven't helped.
If the above treatment options do not ease the pain and your ability to engage in everyday activities is inhibited, you should consider spine surgery.
Getting regular exercise or trying physical therapy can help strengthen muscles in the back, arms, and legs, leading to improved flexibility, balance, and mobility.
The American College of Rheumatology recommend a minimum of three 30-minute exercise sessions per week for people with spinal stenosis.
These sessions should incorporate flexion-based exercises, which involve bending the lower back forward.
Once a person has strengthened their back, they may incorporate other gentle activities, such as walking or swimming, into their routine.
If these treatments don't work, your doctor may suggest surgery, especially if:
In fact, your doctor may recommend surgery first if you have severe symptoms. Like other treatments, surgery is not a cure, but it can help with pain and function.
Your doctor may talk to you about these types:
Recovery can be a few days or up to 3 months. Surgery helps many people but there are also risks, such as blood clots.