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Iranian surgery is an online medical tourism platform where you can find the best Surgeons and Hospitals to treat your Arachnoid Cyst in Iran. The price of treating an Arachnoid Cyst in Iran can vary according to each individual’s case and will be determined by the type of Arachnoid Cyst treatment you undergo and an in-person assessment with the doctor. So if you are looking for the cost of Arachnoid Cyst in Iran, you can contact us and get free consultation from Iranian surgery.
Arachnoid cysts are the most common type of brain cyst. An arachnoid cyst is most likely to develop in your head, but it can also develop around your spinal cord. It’s called an arachnoid cyst because it occurs in the space between your brain, or spinal column, and your arachnoid membrane. This is one of three membrane layers that surround your brain and spine. If an arachnoid cyst develops in your head, it will grow between your brain and skull or in pockets around your brain called ventricles.
Arachnoid cysts are usually filled with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). CSF is a naturally occurring protective fluid that surrounds your brain and spinal column. The walls of an arachnoid cyst don’t allow this fluid to drain into your CSF system, causing it to accumulate inside.
In children, arachnoid cysts are usually congenital, or present at birth. These cysts are called primary arachnoid cysts. Arachnoid cysts that develop later in life are called secondary arachnoid cysts. Primary arachnoid cysts are more common than secondary arachnoid cysts.
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Symptoms of an arachnoid cyst
What are the symptoms of an arachnoid cyst?
Arachnoid cysts are usually asymptomatic. That means they don’t tend to produce symptoms. As a result, most people who have an arachnoid cyst don’t realize it until they’re examined for other issues, such as head injuries.
In some cases, arachnoid cysts do cause symptoms. Symptoms depend on the location and size of the cyst. For example, symptoms may develop if you have a cyst that presses on nerves or sensitive areas of your brain or spinal cord. If it’s located in your brain, the cyst may produce one or more of the following symptoms:
. Problems hearing, seeing, or walking
. Balance issues
. Developmental delay
If it’s located in your spinal column, it may cause symptoms such as:
. Back pain
. Muscle weakness or spasms
. Lack of feeling or tingling in your arms or legs
. Problems controlling your bladder or bowels
If you develop these symptoms, contact your doctor.
What causes an arachnoid cyst?
Primary, or congenital, arachnoid cysts are usually caused by an abnormal growth of your brain and spinal column while you’re developing in utero. The exact cause of this growth is not known. It might be genetic.
Secondary arachnoid cysts, also known as non-congenital arachnoid cysts, can be caused by several things. These include:
. Injury to your head or spinal cord
. Complications from brain or spinal surgery
Arachnoid cysts are most common in children and they’re more likely to develop in men than women,
If your doctor suspects you have an arachnoid cyst, they will likely order imaging tests. For example, they may use CT and MRI scans to look at your brain or spine.
Risks and Side effects
The risks of the procedures include the following. A detailed discussion with your surgeon is recommended prior to surgery.
. Infection: Superficial infections may cause reddening of the skin. Occasionally stitch abscesses may occur, these may require antibiotics. Deeper infections may involve the bone - resulting in osteomyelitis, or the brain - resulting in an abscess, or the fluid around the brain - resulting in meningitis.
. Bleeding: which may occur either on the surface of the brain or within the brain which may result in brain damage, this may be temporary or permanent.
. Stroke or stroke-like complications including weakness in the face, arms and/or legs – this may be temporary or permanent.
. Loss of vision or double vision which may be temporary or permanent.
. Loss of smell or cerebrospinal fluid leak through the nose if a frontal approach is required.
. Epilepsy which may require medication. This may be temporary or permanent.
. Coma or death (very rare)
During Arachnoid Cyst Treatment
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How are arachnoid cysts treated?
If you have an arachnoid cyst that isn’t causing any symptoms or other complications, your doctor may advise you to leave it untreated. They will likely monitor the cyst over time to watch for potential growth or other changes. If it begins to cause problems, they may recommend treatment.
There are several ways to surgically treat arachnoid cysts. The aim of surgery is to release the cyst and localised pressure on the surrounding brain and structures and to reconstitute normal CSF flow.
. Marsupialisation of Arachnoid Cyst
The patient will be given a general anaesthetic and an incision made overlying the region of the arachnoid cyst. A craniotomy is then performed to expose the arachnoid cyst.
Once this is done the cyst is incised under direct vision. The walls of the cyst are removed where possible and laid open to allow free flow of cyst fluid with the surround CSF.
The bone is then replaced and secured with titanium plates. The skin is then closed with staples or stitches.
. Fenestration of Arachnoid Cyst
If it is not possible to fully lay open the arachnoid cyst wall, the wall may be fenestrated to allow communication of the cystic cavity with the surrounding CSF. This is often done in the deep cisterns of the CSF spaces of the brain. An endoscopic approach may be taken rather than a craniotomy for this approach.
. Shunting of Arachnoid Cyst
For recurrent arachnoid cysts a cysto-peritoneal shunt may be require to definitively treat the cyst. This allows flow of cyst fluid from the cyst into the abdominal cavity, thereby relieving decompressing the cyst and relieving pressure on the surrounding structures.
Surgical treatment of arachnoid cysts are generally well tolerated. Occasionally a second operation may be required, particularly if there is scarring at the previous operation site resulting in reformation of the cyst.
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Postoperative Instructions after Brain Surgery
The following are a list of instructions for your convalescence following your brain surgery. These general instructions are meant to be used only as guidelines. They may be modified for an individual patient.
. Keep your incision dry to your staples removed. You may shower.
. Call the office to schedule an appointment for staple removal to be done 10 to 14 days after surgery.
. If there's any redness or drainage from your incision, or if you have fever greater than 101.5, call the office immediately or go to the emergency room.
. If you have a worsening headache, drowsiness, or new weakness on one side of your body, or if your family notices a dramatic change your behavior call the office immediately or go to the emergency room.
. If you're taking medication to prevent seizures, be sure not to miss any doses, and do not let your prescription run out.
. If you're having a headache and need more pain medication please be sure to call our office during regular business hours - Monday through Friday 9 AM to 5 PM. Prescription refills need at least 48 hours.
. Sleep only in a bed elevating your head by at least one pillow.
. No bending, stooping, pushing, lifting or straining. Do not push backwards with your head and neck to adjust your position in bed.
. Begin walking in the house in progress to outdoors. Take someone with you for the first few times until you feel quite confident with your abilities. Slowly increase the distance each day.
. Ride only in the car when absolutely necessary specifically from the hospital and to return for your follow-up appointment.
. Do not drink alcoholic beverages post-operatively. Make certain you understand the medication instructions that you're giving and follow instructions faithfully.
. Constipation is common especially taking her chronic pain medication. You should drink plenty of liquids and eat a diet high in fiber. You may take a stool softener for a short time while on the pain medication. Avoid laxatives.
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How can I find the best Arachnoid Cyst Treatment surgeons in Iran?
It is important that you seek the assistance of experienced and skilled Arachnoid Cyst Treatment surgeons in Iran who have provided a suitable condition for patients with limited budgets to treat their Arachnoid Cyst in Iran easily. It is worth explaining that the quality provided by Iranian surgeons is far higher than other countries including Turkey and India.
Neurosurgery hospitals in Iran
Cost of Arachnoid Cyst Treatment in Iran
The cost of treating an Arachnoid Cyst in Iran can vary according to each individual’s case and will be determined by the type of Arachnoid Cyst treatment you have and an in-person assessment with the doctor.