Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays or particles to kill cancer cells. Depending on the stage of the prostate cancer and other factors, radiation therapy might be used:
Read more about: Orchiectomy surgery for prostate cancer
Read more about: Prostate Cancer Treatments Pros and Cons
There are two main types of radiation therapy: external beam radiation (teletherapy) and internal radiation therapy (brachytherapy).
Brachytherapy involves placing radiation sources as close as possible to the tumor site. Sometimes, they may be inserted directly into the tumor. The radioactive sources or isotopes are in the form of wires, seeds (or molds), or rods. This technique is particularly effective in treating cancers of the cervix, uterus, vagina, rectum, eye, and certain head and neck cancers. It is also occasionally used to treat cancers of the breast, brain, skin, anus, esophagus, lung, bladder, and prostate.
External beam radiation therapy is radiation delivered from a distant source, from outside the body and directed at the patient's cancer site. Systems which produce different types of radiation for external beam therapy include orthovoltage x-ray machines, Cobalt-60 machines, linear accelerators, proton beam machines, and neutron beam machines. A radiation oncologist makes decisions regarding the type of system that is best suited to treat a specific cancer patient. External beam therapy is the radiation therapy treatment option used for most cancer patients. It is used to treat many types of tumors including cancers of the head and neck area, breast, lung, colon, and prostate.
External beam therapy is painless. Most patients do not need to stay in the hospital while they are having external beam therapy. Patients do not see or feel the actual treatment. Many patients can go home following each treatment, and most patients can even continue with their normal daily activities. Sources of external beam radiation may include, but are not limited to: X-ray, cobalt, linear accelerator, neutron beam, betatron, spray radiation, stereotactic radiosurgery such as gamma knife, and proton beam.
Read more about: Cancer treatment
Read more about: Newest prostate cancer treatments
Read more about: Pancreatic Cancer Treatment
Prostate cancer is most often found in early stages. When it is found early, there are a number of treatment choices available. Active surveillance, surgery, and radiation therapy are the standard therapy choices for men with early-stage prostate cancer. On Friday, 5/15/20, the FDA approved rucaparib, a new medication to treat some patients with advanced prostate cancer. Then, on Tuesday, 5/19/20, olaparib was approved by the FDA for certain metastatic prostate cancers that are not responsive to hormone therapy.
Surgery is a treatment choice for men with early-stage prostate cancer who are in good health and Radiation may be a better choice for men who want to avoid the side effects of surgery, such as leaking urine and erection problems. It may be a better choice for men who have other health problems that make surgery too risky. You avoid the risks of major surgery.
Men with localised prostate cancer who are treated with external-beam radiation therapy have a cure rate of 95.5% for intermediate-risk prostate cancer and 91.3% for high-risk prostate cancer. The 5-year survival rate using this treatment is 98.8% overall.
At the hospital: You should expect to be in the hospital for one night. At Johns Hopkins, all rooms on the urology floor are private. Here, nurses help patients get moving shortly after surgery to prevent blood clots and other postoperative risks.
First few days at home: After you’re sent home, you might find that regular ibuprofen or acetaminophen will be sufficient pain management for the first few days. If over-the-counter medications aren’t enough, your doctor can help you with alternatives.
One week after surgery: After your surgery site heals, your catheter will be removed. This is usually seven to 10 days after surgery. This can easily be done at your doctor’s office. Some people decide to take out their catheter at home. If that’s the case, ask your doctor for instructions first.
This is also about the time your surgeon will call you with the final pathology results. He or she will discuss what you should know and whether further treatment is necessary. (Many men do not need any more treatment.)
One month after surgery: Doctors recommend no strenuous activity or heavy lifting for at least one month after surgery. Most people take off work for three to four weeks. If you work from home, you could return to work sooner.
By one month after surgery, your life should start getting back to normal. Some men experience side effects, including:
Recovery from surgery takes time. These side effects are often temporary. However, if they are affecting your quality of life, ask your doctor about options that can help.
Prostate cancer can be cured, when detected and treated early. The vast majority of prostate cancer cases (more than 90 percent) are discovered in the early stages, making the tumors more likely to respond to treatment. Treatment doesn't always have to mean surgery or chemotherapy, either.Stage 4 prostate cancer is an uncommon diagnosis. Most often, prostate cancer is diagnosed at an earlier stage, when the cancer is confined to the prostate.
Treatments may slow or shrink an advanced prostate cancer, but for most men, stage 4 prostate cancer isn't curable. Still, treatments can extend your life and reduce the signs and symptoms of cancer.
Read more about: Prostate cancer treatment in Iran
Read more about: Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) in Iran
Read more about: what happens when you have a prostate biopsy
Read more about: Prostate biopsy complications
Read more about: prostate cancer treatment side effects