PRK eye surgery

PRK eye surgery in Iran

What are the possible complications of PRK surgery?

Preparing for PRK eye surgery

After PRK eye surgery

PRK eye surgery recovery time 

Are the results of PRK surgery permanent? 

Is PRK better than Lasik?

What is the success rate of PRK surgery?

Is PRK more expensive than Lasik?

Does insurance cover PRK surgery?

What is Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK)?

All laser vision correction surgeries work by reshaping the cornea, or clear front part of the eye, so that light traveling through it is properly focused onto the retina located in the back of the eye. There are a number of different surgical techniques used to reshape the cornea. During PRK, an eye surgeon uses a laser to reshape the cornea. This laser, which delivers a cool pulsing beam of ultraviolet light, is used on the surface of the cornea, not underneath a flap on the cornea, as in LASIK.

Read more about: Femto lasik surgery

How is good candidate for PRK eye surgery?

Only an ophthalmologist can confirm that you qualify for PRK eye surgery by conducting eye exams to test your corneal thickness, measure your refractive errors, and check for other vision problems that could prevent you from being a suitable candidate for treatment. Patients who are not good candidates for LASIK surgery are often good candidates for PRK surgery. Since PRK does not require the creation of a corneal flap, this procedure is often preferable for patients who have a difficult time sitting still or those with inadequate corneal tissue.

To be a good candidate for PRK, you should:

Be at least 18 years old. This ensures that the eye has matured and developed properly.

PRK cost in Iran

How much does PRK surgery cost in Iran?

PRK surgery cost in Iran is around $700.

What are the side effects of PRK eye surgery?

Following the procedure, there could be irritation in the eyes, coupled with watering for at least 3-4 days.

Other side-effects can include infections, inflammations, scarring, and dry eyes, within the first week after the surgery, when the cornea is healing. These conditions can be treated with antibiotic drops.

Though highly rare, occasionally, in some patients irregular astigmatism may occur after PRK surgery. This can be treated with an additional minor procedure.

Another side effect that may occur is overcorrection or undercorrection of eyesight. When overcorrection occurs, nearsightedness gets altered to farsightedness, and it is vice versa for undercorrection. These residual power error conditions can be corrected through enhancement or retreatment surgeries. If, however, your cornea is too thin or steep the surgeon will advise you to not go in for additional surgeries and will instead prescribe you glasses or lenses to correct your vision.

What are the possible complications of PRK surgery?

Corneal haze is another complication that can arise after a PRK surgery. This condition usually resolves itself as the eye heals, but can take from 6 months to one year, therefore doctors prefer to treat it with medication or more laser treatment.

A more aggressive complication which is uncommon, but can occur post a PRK surgery is corneal ectasia. Corneal ectasia is an umbrella term for a group of eye disorders characterized by abnormal corneal thinning or irregular thickening from the center of the cornea to the periphery. The most common among these disorders is keratoconus.

Corneal ectasia can occur if the cornea is too weak.

It has been observed that corneal crosslinking treatment helps to arrest conditions such as keratoconus. In this procedure, custom-made riboflavin drops saturate the cornea, which is then activated by ultraviolet light. According to studies, this increases the amount of collagen cross-linking in the cornea thus strengthening the cornea.
This method, however, is not currently FDA approved.

Unlike LASIK surgery, after the PRK surgery, there are no flap-related complications.

Read more about: Lasik eye surgery candidate

Preparing for PRK eye surgery

Prior to going for an evaluation by an ophthalmologist, it is recommended to stop using contact lenses for four weeks and switch to wearing glasses. Wearing contact lenses over a long period of time changes the shape of the cornea. The cornea then takes a long time to assume its natural shape. It is similar to how a watchband leaves an imprint on the hand when worn for a long time. Therefore, an evaluation and surgery based on the cornea which has not assumed its natural shape can have negative implications.

During the evaluation you need to discuss in depth with your doctor about whether you are a good candidate for PRK surgery, what are the alternative surgeries you can opt for, what are the risks and complications involved, what can you expect after the surgery, and what are the pre and post-surgery guidelines.

On the day of the procedure do not wear any jewelry, and do not apply any cream, and make-up, or use any perfume. You may be asked by the doctor to frequently scrub your eyelids and lashes gently, 2-3 days before the surgery, to get rid of any accumulated oil or debris.

You need to discontinue any cold or allergy medicines at least 4 days prior to the surgery. If you take any blood thinners you need to check with the doctor whether you need to stop taking them for some time prior to the surgery.

You will need to stop smoking and drinking alcohol 48 hours before and after the surgery.

On the day of the surgery, you should not take insulin if you are a diabetic. You will need to arrange for a driver to take you home after the surgery.

PRK eye procedure 

The PRK procedure differs from the LASIK procedure, in that, no flap is created in the PRK procedure. The procedure includes the following steps.

  1. At the outset of this procedure, anesthetic drops are applied in the eye to numb it.
  2. An eyelid holder will be placed between your eyelids to prevent blinking and restrict any eye movement.

    Please Note: During this procedure, scalpels are not used and neither are any incisions made.

  1. The surgeon will carefully remove the complete upper layer of your cornea (epithelium) and then use targeted laser or excimer laser to correct and reshape the cornea.

    Please Note: The epithelium regenerates within 3 to 5 days.

  1. After the surgery, a clear contact lens which acts like a bandage will be placed over your eye for 4-6 days.
  2. The same process is repeated with your other eye.

PRK surgery is performed to correct myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness) and astigmatism. This surgery is considered to be ideal for people with thin corneas.

Read more about: lasik

After PRK eye surgery

do's and don'ts after PRK surgery

not rub your eyes.

avoid any form of strenuous exercise, such as heavy lifting, or swimming, that could result in eye injury for at least a month
avoid driving till your vision is absolutely clear.

wear sunglasses for a week after the surgery, even while indoors. (Ideally, glasses should be worn for the first six months after the surgery to avoid UV rays and avoid haze formation.)

avoid applying any makeup or lotion on the face
avoid any situation involving dirt for 7-10 days.

not to get face wash or soap in your eyes while washing your face, or showering (In fact, you need to keep water and shampoo away from your eyes for at least 7 days after the surgery.)

avoid swimming and hot tubs for at least a month after the surgery.
apply eyedrops in your eyes at regular intervals as prescribed by the doctor.

How long will it take to recover from a PRK eye surgery?

PRK eye surgery recovery time 

The initial vision recovery period could take up to 4 days during which you will also experience mild discomfort in the eye.

You might experience sensitivity to light, which is accompanied by the feeling of tearing, or at times the feeling of a foreign body in the eye. This is the period when the epithelial layer of the cornea is regenerating. The discomfort vanishes by the fourth day. The vision, however, remains cloudy.

It may take 4-6 weeks for your vision to become clear so that you can start performing finer activities or detailed tasks.

After a period of six months, the vision stabilizes and becomes absolutely clear.

It usually takes 3 - 6 months to completely recover from a PRK surgery and achieve clear vision.

Read more about: eye surgery in iran

Are the results of PRK surgery permanent? 

In most cases, a PRK surgery is sufficient for vision correction. However, in some cases a person might not achieve the desired optimal result from the surgery, in such cases, the doctor may advise a second PRK procedure to further enhance the results.

The PRK procedure permanently corrects the shape of the cornea, however, this does not stop the natural vision abnormalities that occur with aging.

Read more about: During Lasik eye surgery

Is PRK better than Lasik?

Both techniques are equally effective in permanently correcting your vision. The main difference is the recovery time.

LASIK takes a few days or less to see clearly while PRK takes about a month. The final results won’t differ between the two if the procedure is done properly by a licensed, experienced surgeon.

PRK is considered to be safer and more effective in the long term because it doesn’t leave a flap in your cornea. The flap left behind by LASIK can be subject to greater damage or complications if your eye is injured.

Read more about: Corneal haze after prk

What is the success rate of PRK surgery?

PRK is highly successful at treating refractive errors, which you may know better as nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), and astigmatism. Studies of PRK patients have found that 70 percent achieve 20/20 vision or better; 92 percent will achieve 20/40 vision or better. Overall, the vast majority of patients will no longer require glasses or contact lenses in order to see clearly.

Patients who undergo PRK are very satisfied with the results of the procedure. As noted above, PRK can eliminate dependence on glasses and contacts for the vast majority of people, which means a positive overall experience for PRK patients.

In all, the results of PRK surgery are exceptional and long-lasting, giving patients who experience refractive errors the ability to see well and see clearly. PRK is particularly good for people whose occupations or hobbies would be hindered in some fashion by wearing glasses or contacts.

Read more about: PRK cost vs Lasik cost in Iran

Is PRK more expensive than Lasik?

PRK does not require creating a corneal flap, which is then put back into place.  Because this process is older and less time-consuming, PRK is typically less expensive than LASIK; however, it can still be costly because insurance is not likely to cover it.

Does insurance cover PRK surgery?

Since PRK is considered an elective surgery, it is not likely to be covered by insurance. Like LASIK, some of the initial scans or exams leading up to PRK may be partially covered by your vision insurance, but the cost of the surgery itself probably will not be covered. You should still speak to your insurance company to understand what aspects of PRK may be covered, however.

Read more about: How long after prk can I watch tv?


10 common question about prl eye surgery

1Is PRK better than Lasik?
Most commonly though, patients have PRK instead of LASIK because the PRK procedure requires less corneal tissue thickness than LASIK does, which is of significant consideration for patients with naturally thinner corneas or higher amounts of nearsightedness or both.
2What is the recovery time for PRK eye surgery?
Mild discomfort, including minor eye irritation and watering, for 1 to 3 days after the procedure. A longer recovery time. People who get LASIK notice improvements in less than a month. With PRK it can take 1 to3 months.
3s PRK surgery painful?
You won't feel pain during LASIK or PRK, because your surgeon will place anesthetic eye drops in your eye first. ... Many LASIK patients report no more than mild discomfort for a day or so after surgery. There is more discomfort after PRK because the procedure exposes the deeper layers of the cornea.
4When can I go back to work after PRK?
You will return to the clinic 4 days after treatment. You will have regular drops for 1 week after both PRK and LASIK. Implant lens procedures (such as RLE, cataract surgery, and ICL implants) usually need 1-3 days for the vision to settle. Most patients are able to drive and return to work after 48 hours.
5Is PRK permanent?
PRK can accurately correct nearsightedness. Approximately 90% of PRK patients have 20/20 vision without glasses or contact lenses one year after the surgery. Over 95% have 20/40 or better without glasses or contacts. ... For this reason, some refractive surgeons prefer PRK to LASIK.
6How long do PRK results last?
It may be days or a couple of weeks before your eyesight improves, and even longer for your vision to stabilize completely. Most people who have PRK surgery can resume driving a car within a week or two after surgery. But it can take three to six months before vision is completely clear and stable.
7What is the success rate of PRK surgery?
Photorefractive keratectomy, or PRK, uses the same excimer laser used in LASIK surgery and is performed to reshape the cornea in an attempt to correct mild to moderate myopia (nearsightedness). According to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), PRK has a 95 percent success rate.
8Can I watch TV after PRK?
Avoid Eyestrain After PRK. In the first 24 hours after PRK, it's important that patients avoid any activities that may result in eyestrain. This includes reading, using the computer, watching TV or movies, and so forth. By resting your eyes for the first day, you will improve your overall healing experience.
9How long do I wear sunglasses after PRK?
Expect to be light sensitive, so wear sunglasses for the first few weeks after PRK. In normal circumstances it is always wise to wear sunglasses while outside at any time. Expect to remain at home for a few days after your PRK procedure as your eyes continue to heal.
10How long does it take to get 20/20 vision after PRK?
three to six months Most people see 20/20 or better after PRK, as clearly as they would after LASIK. But vision recovery takes longer after PRK, and it may be three to six months before optimum vision is attained.

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