Nystagmus treatment

Nystagmus treatment in iran

What is the cause for nystagmus?

How does nystagmus affect people?

Who is not right for the treatment?

Can nystagmus be corrected?

Is eye muscle surgery painful?

When should I worry about nystagmus?

What does a person with nystagmus see?

What can I expect after eye muscle surgery?



What is nystagmus?

Nystagmus is a condition of involuntary (or voluntary, in rare cases) eye movement, acquired in infancy or later in life, that may result in reduced or limited vision. Due to the involuntary movement of the eye, it has been called “dancing eyes”.

In a normal condition, while the head rotates about an axis, distant visual images are sustained by rotating eyes in the opposite direction on the respective axis. The semicircular canals in the vestibule of the ear sense angular acceleration. These send signals to the nuclei for eye movement in the brain. From here, a signal is relayed to the extraocular muscles to allow one’s gaze to fixate on one object as the head moves. Nystagmus occurs when the semicircular canals are being stimulated (e.g. by means of the caloric test, or by disease) while the head is not in motion. The direction of ocular movement is related to the semicircular canal that is being stimulated.

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What is the cause for nystagmus?

Some of the cases of congenital nystagmus may be hereditary. In some cases, there is clearly a family background sometimes going back over several generations. In others the disorder appears to be a singular occurrence. In cases of ocular albinism and cone dysfunction, it is known that there is a definite hereditary basis. Genetic research is one of the fastest growing areas of medicine in the nineties. It is likely to prove of great importance to those with eye problems such as nystagmus.

How does nystagmus affect people?

Nystagmus affects people in many ways and the effects vary from person to person.

Most people who have had the condition since childhood do not suffer from a constantly moving image (known as ‘oscillopsia’) most of the time, as their brains adapt to the movement of the eyes. However, people who acquire nystagmus in later life are unlikely to adjust so well and will suffer much more from the effects of oscillopsia.
Nystagmus often seriously reduces vision. The degree of sight loss varies from person to person and is also related to the underlying condition. Many sufferers are eligible to be registered as partially sighted or blind. Please note that most people registered blind have poor vision, not no sight at all.


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Nystagmus treatment

Nystagmus is a condition regarding your vision where your eyes make involuntary repetitive movements. If this condition is left untreated then it can result in impaired vision, and improper balance coordination. Due to this condition you cannot maintain a suitable balance and the ones who are affected with this condition, they often nod their heads in unusual positions to maintain balance.

There are 3 types of Nystagmus. The first one is known as Infantile, where it develops in infants within two to three months of birth and the infants often involuntarily swing their heads and it is also associated with other conditions such as albinism, congenital problems etc. Spasmus nutans is another form of Nystagmus where it occurs within 6 months to 3 years of age and gradually improves. In this condition you tilt and nod your head and the eyes move in different directions. This type of Nystagmus does not require any treatment. The other from of Nystagmus is known as Acquired Nystagmus where it can develop in childhood or adulthood where the cause is primarily unknown and they can cause metabolic and central nervous system disorders. The main causes of Nystagmus are due to albinism, inflammation in your ear, side effects of central nervous system diseases and congenital cataracts.

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Right candidate for treatment:

The treatment of this condition starts off with examinations in your eye and to detect the extent to which your vision is affected. The tests are conducted to decide the course of treatment that you need. Contact lenses sometimes improve the vision but they do not cure the condition of Nystagmus. In rare cases, surgery is performed to improve the functioning of the muscles associated with your faulty eye and it reduces your need to tilt your head every now and then. In some cases of this condition, treatment is not required but lenses are prescribed to help you see properly at the things that you couldn’t focus on. Most treatments associated with this condition are aimed at suppressing the abnormal eye movements without hampering the normal eye movements. Till this date, the condition of Nystagmus cannot be completely cured and mostly glasses and lenses are used to eliminate the vision problems that you are facing. The surgery for this kind of treatment procedure reduces the null positions in your eye and reduces your need to tilt your head every now then. Even animals can develop this condition. Dogs that suffer from this condition are caused by ear infections, trauma and hypothyroidism. This can be treated with various medications and vaccines.

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Who is not right for the treatment?

If you are facing sensitivity in your eyes when you are exposed in areas of bright light and also feel dizzy at times with difficulty in seeing in the dark, vision problems and even the feeling that everything around you is shaking then call up your medical expert as you might be eligible for this treatment. Often to see properly you need to adjust your head and this sometimes might happen involuntarily. If you are facing these symptoms then you are eligible for this kind of treatment after proper diagnosis of the condition.

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Nystagmus treatment in Iran

Low price is one of the most important features of Nystagmus treatment in Iran. This is because the cost is less than 100 to 300 percent of the price of Nystagmus treatment in Europe, Turkey, Qatar and the United States, while maintaining the same efficiency.

Most surgeons in breast eye in Iran have high experience in eye surgery.

Most Iranian beauty surgeons graduate from reputable American and European universities and have enough experience to do so.

We offer the best Nystagmus treatment Package in Iran at the most affordable prices. Our Nystagmus treatment Package in Iran includes flight ticket, hotel, pick up, clinic and transfer.

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Can nystagmus be corrected?

Nystagmus cannot be cured, but there are several treatments that can help. Glasses and contact lenses do not correct nystagmus, although they may help a little and should certainly be worn to correct other sight problems.

Is eye muscle surgery painful?

Children usually undergo eye muscle repair surgery with a general anesthetic. This puts them to sleep throughout the procedure so they don’t feel any pain. Adults who need eye muscle repair are generally treated with a local anesthetic that numbs the eye.


When should I worry about nystagmus?

When nystagmus is a new symptom and occurs with new dizziness or vertigo, the patient should get prompt medical attention. People experiencing pendular nystagmus for the first time should see a neurologist or neuro-ophthalmologist. Although it is not typically an emergency, pendular nystagmus should be assessed promptly.

Depending on associated symptoms, the doctor may order tests such as a brain MRI or blood work to rule out a potentially dangerous cause such as stroke.


What does a person with nystagmus see?

Congenital nystagmus is usually mild and does not worsen over time. People with this condition do not see the world moving, nor can they see their eyes moving in a mirror. However, they can see their eye movements if they see themselves on TV, in a film or video. The eye movements are characterized by the range of the movement (small, medium or large angle) and frequency (slow, medium or fast oscillations). In almost all cases visual acuity is reduced. Astigmatism and eye-turns (strabismus) are also frequently present with individuals with congenital nystagmus.


What can I expect after eye muscle surgery?

Minor discomfort, bruising, and swelling are all common after strabismus surgery. Most patients are able to manage any discomfort with over-the-counter medications. In addition, you may notice pink or reddish tears or other mucus discharge. These are normal for the first few days after surgery. You can wipe them away with a damp cloth.

The surface of your eye will likely appear bright red for a while after strabismus surgery. This redness is essentially a bruise. Since blood is closer to the surface of the eye, bruising is typically a brighter color. For some patients, redness clears within a few days, while for others, it may take several weeks or even a few months to disappear.

You may also experience double vision after their surgery. This issue is normal as it can take a few days or weeks for the brain to adjust to the new eye position. The alignment of your eyes will also change throughout the healing process. It may take several months before you reach your final alignment.

The alignment of your eyes will also change throughout the healing process. It may take several months before you reach your final alignment.


How long does it take to heal from eye muscle surgery?

By six to eight weeks after surgery, healing is nearing completion and more accurate assessments may be made.  Even after this time or with apparent success there can be changes, particularly in cases where there is no binocular visual function or evolving medical conditions such as thyroid eye disease.


Is there surgery for nystagmus?

Eye muscle surgery is a surgery to correct strabismus (eye misalignment) or nystagmus (eye wiggling). The surgery involves moving one or more of the eye muscles to adjust the position of the eye or eyes. Eye muscle surgery may be done as an outpatient procedure.

What can you not do after Strabismus surgery?

Avoid strenuous activity, such as lifting or contact sports for 14 days following surgery.

 Sleep with your head elevated on 2 to 3 pillows for 5 to 7 days to reduce pain and swelling.

 Avoid swimming and activities in which sand or dirt may enter the eye for 14 days. There are no restrictions on reading or watching TV.

You may return to school or work as long as you are able to comply with the above activity restrictions, or at your Doctor’s discretion.


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10 common question about nystagmus treatment in Iran

1Is there surgery for nystagmus?
Nystagmus surgery aims to reduce the amplitude of nystagmus with either improvement of visual acuity or a reduction of a bothersome head posture. The commonest reason for patients' seeking surgical treatment is to allow them to acquire a driving licence. Regrettably, this is frequently not possible.
2Can nystagmus be corrected?
While eyeglasses and contact lenses do not correct the nystagmus itself, they can sometimes improve vision. ... While this surgery does not cure nystagmus, it may reduce how much a person needs to turn his or her head for better vision
3What is the treatment for nystagmus?
Several medical and surgical treatments that sometimes help people with nystagmus are available. Surgery usually reduces the null positions, lessening head tilt and improving cosmetic appearance. Drugs such as Botox or Baclofen can reduce some nystagmic movements, although results are usually temporary.
4What can I expect after eye muscle surgery?
His or her eye may be red for a week or more after surgery. Your child may have some mild pain and swelling around the eye. But the pain and swelling should go away after a few days. Your child should be able to do most of his or her usual activities in a day or two.
5How long does it take to heal from eye muscle surgery?
The eyes will remain red for 1 to 2 weeks following surgery, and this redness may not completely disappear until after several months. Sometimes, a small, dark “bump” on the white portion of the eye can be seen; this is the adjustable suture and typically dissolves in 6 to 8 weeks.
6How long does Strabismus surgery take to heal?
Any broken blood vessels in the eye and general eye redness should fade within two to three weeks. You may feel like something is in your eye, but this sensation will subside. Usually you can resume normal activities within a few days.
7Can you drive with nystagmus?
Mobility training can help. Few people with nystagmus are legally able to drive a car. Nystagmus cannot be cured, but there are several treatments that can help. Glasses and contact lenses do not correct nystagmus, although they may help a little and should certainly be worn to correct other sight problems.
8How do you correct nystagmus?
Wear the right contacts or glasses to improve vision. It won't cure nystagmus, but it can help with other eye problems that can make it worse. Eye muscle surgery may be an option. The goal is to help with the head tilt that often comes with nystagmus.
9Does nystagmus get worse?
Nystagmus is constant uncontrolled movement of the eyes. ... Most people with nystagmus have reduced vision. When visual pathways or parts of the brain that control this movement don't develop properly or get damaged later in life, eye movements can become poorly controlled causing nystagmus.
10How long does nystagmus last?
Attacks typically last 2 hours only, but usually the next day or two there will be some nystagmus also. In about 85% of the cases, the nystagmus is horizontal with the fast component directed towards the healthy hearing ear, suggesting a vestibular paresis on the side to which the slow phases are directed.

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