What is the difference between veneers, crowns, and implants?
Dental veneers, crowns, and implants can all improve the cosmetic appearance of the teeth. However, there are differences between them.
Dental veneers mainly cover the front of a tooth. By contrast, crowns cover the entire tooth, including the front, back, and all the sides. As a result, dentists use crowns to repair broken teeth, including teeth that have little structure left. Crowns can also help strengthen the teeth they cover.
Implants, meanwhile, are bolt-like structures that attach to the jawbone to replace missing teeth.
When necessary, a dentist may use an implant to secure a crown in the mouth. This may be the case if a person is missing a tooth or a tooth is irreparable because it is too badly broken down and requires removal.
Essentially, dentists use crowns to build up teeth that are badly damaged, whereas implants replace missing teeth. Veneers improve the appearance of teeth that are mostly still intact.
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What are Dental Crowns?
A dental crown is a tooth-shaped "cap" that is placed over a tooth to cover the tooth and to restore its shape, size, strength as well as improving its appearance.
The crowns, when cemented into place, fully encase the entire visible portion of a tooth that lies at and above the gum line.
Dental crowns are fixed prosthetic restorations made to restore a damaged tooth to its original shape and size. They’re permanently cemented on teeth that have cracked, extensively decayed, or otherwise been damaged. Although they sometimes extend down onto the root surface, crowns essentially replace the outer aspect of the “crown” part of a natural tooth, so it makes sense that the restorations are called “crowns.”
Crowns are custom made to fit over each tooth. They can be made of a variety of different materials, including ceramics, porcelain-and-metal, gold, or resin.
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What are the advantages and disadvantages of Dental Crowns?
. Permanent solution: The first benefit of a dental crowns that unlike dentures, dental crowns need not be removed regularly or cleansed separately. Regular brushing or floss can easily prevent infection around crowns.
. You can keep your original teeth: While applying a crown, only the weakened or damaged part of the tooth are removed. The crown is made to fit on top of the remnants of the actual tooth.
. Less invasive procedure: This treatment calls for a simple process that does not involve treating the nerves or gums. Thus, only the visible part of the tooth is operated upon, minimizing the possibility of complications and reducing recovery time for a dental crown.
. Aesthetic aspects: Dental crowns made up of porcelain match the size, color and shape of your original teeth but easily wear out. However, one can choose from a variety of other options like porcelain-fused-metal, zirconia, gold or silver crowns.
. Increased sensitivity: Unlike dentures or bridges, dental crowns do not fix nerve endings, which may lead to increased pain or reactivity to heat or cold. This sensitivity generally disappears in a few days. During this period, the patient may be given analgesics to ease the pain.
. Damage to underlying tooth: A crown which is not properly fixed or gets loose with time may lead to accumulation of bacteria under it leading to infection and damage to the tooth underneath. Proper cleaning of crown and use of antibiotics can nullify the infection.
. More tooth reduction: Some crowns need excessive trimming of the tooth structure to achieve a better fit. This leads to shedding of a large part of the natural tooth. Different material can be used for crown to avoid this.
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What are Dental Implants?
Dental implant surgery is a procedure that replaces tooth roots with metal, screw like posts and replaces damaged or missing teeth with artificial teeth that look and function much like real ones. Dental implant surgery can offer a welcome alternative to dentures or bridgework that doesn't fit well and can offer an option when a lack of natural teeth roots don't allow building denture or bridgework tooth replacements.
A dental implant itself is a titanium screw, which is placed directly into your jawbone, replacing your missing tooth root. After it’s fitted, the bone surrounding your implant will gradually fuse to it, holding the implant firmly in place. A false tooth (a crown or denture) is then fitted to the top of the implant (the abutment), giving a natural look to your smile.
How dental implant surgery is performed depends on the type of implant and the condition of your jawbone. Dental implant surgery may involve several procedures. The major benefit of implants is solid support for your new teeth — a process that requires the bone to heal tightly around the implant. Because this bone healing requires time, the process can take many months.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of Dental Implants?
There are many advantages to dental implants, including:
. Improved appearance. Dental implants look and feel like your own teeth. And because they are designed to fuse with bone, they become permanent.
. Improved speech. With poor-fitting dentures, the teeth can slip within the mouth causing you to mumble or slur your words. Dental implants allow you to speak without the worry that teeth might slip.
. Improved comfort. Because they become part of you, implants eliminate the discomfort of removable dentures.
. Easier eating. Sliding dentures can make chewing difficult. Dental implants function like your own teeth, allowing you to eat your favorite foods with confidence and without pain.
. Improved self-esteem. Dental implants can give you back your smile and help you feel better about yourself.
. Improved oral health. Dental implants don't require reducing other teeth, as a tooth-supported bridge does. Because nearby teeth are not altered to support the implant, more of your own teeth are left intact, improving long-term oral health. Individual implants also allow easier access between teeth, improving oral hygiene.
. Protection to jawbone. Continuous exposure to the jawbone due to a missing tooth may lead to bone resorption or decay in its height. Implants preserve the bone and encourage its natural growth.
. Durability. Dental implants are built to last for longer durations as compared to the traditional restorations of teeth. Bridgework generally wears out in 5 to 7 years. Implants may need a few periodic fixes, but they can last a lifetime if properly placed.
. Convenience. Removable dentures are just that; removable. Dental implants eliminate the embarrassing inconvenience of removing dentures, as well as the need for messy adhesives to keep them in place.
. Infections at the implant site: Infections may develop in between the bone and the implant or under the crown applied to the implant. These are not frequent and can be easily treated with proper cleaning, disinfecting solutions and antibiotics.
. Damage to surrounding structures: Implanting procedure may cause severe damage to adjacent nerves or blood vessels. This may lead to severe pain or absolute numbness. Specialized dentists use X-rays of the jaw structure to prevent interaction with nerves or vessels during the procedure.
. Sinus problems: The migration of the dental implant into the maxillary sinus may lead to Sinusitis (extreme inflammation of tissue lining of sinuses) or other related problems. Thus, the displaced implant needs to be removed. This can be done with the highly reliable technique of bony window creation.
. Crown fractures: Porcelain crowns applied over implants deteriorate or develop early fractures than those applied to natural teeth. Different material for crowns can be used to ensure longevity.
What are Dental Veneers?
Dental veneers (sometimes called porcelain veneers or dental porcelain laminates) are wafer-thin, custom-made shells of tooth-colored materials designed to cover the front surface of teeth to improve your appearance. These shells are bonded to the front of the teeth changing their color, shape, size, or length.
The procedure for dental veneers in Iran is non-invasive, causing patients minimal discomfort, and is a great treatment for a dental holiday.
Dental veneers are a possible solution to help you achieve the look you desire. They are a popular choice for those with chipped teeth, a gap between teeth, or misshaped teeth. If you want to improve your smile, dental veneers are a simple option. Veneers are thin coverings that are placed over the front (visible) part of the tooth. They look like natural teeth.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of Dental Veneers?
. Stain/Scratch resistant: Veneers, particularly porcelain veneers do not develop scratches or plaque stains over the period of their life.
. Long lasting: Veneers are less prone to damages or fractures. They are known to be durable for longer durations. Typically, people can wear veneers for at least a decade.
. Obscuring imperfections: Veneers benefit the patient by hiding imperfections in the teeth structure and covering the inter-tooth gaps and stained enamels.
. Extremely natural: Veneers are exceptionally lifelike and give more of an original look to the teeth. Thus, a person can achieve a natural tooth structure along with a gleaming smile.
. Improve worn down, broken, chipped, discolored, misaligned, uneven, or oddly-shaped teeth with a simple procedure.
. Each dental veneer is custom-made to match the luminosity, color, and features of your natural teeth.
. No special maintenance is required.
. Select the tooth color that you most desire.
. The procedure to place dental veneers is efficient, painless, and fast.
. Alteration of teeth: To fit the veneers, the tooth in focus needs to be altered or partially shed. This leads to weakening of the healthy teeth. Customized veneers are created with proper measurements to ensure minimum loss to the teeth.
. Irreversible: The procedure of placing veneers is not reversible that is, once you get a veneer there is no way back. Careful consideration and diagnosis is required before opting this treatment. However, properly placed veneers rarely develop any complications.
. Sensitivity due to dentine exposure: Efforts should be made by dentists to ensure less exposure to the dentine. This exposure may lead to sensitivity problems. However, sensitivity disappears in a week after the permanent veneers are fit.
. Pricey: Veneers have high costs.
. Porcelain dental veneers may chip or crack if you bite your nails, chew on ice, or grind your teeth.
. Tooth decay under a dental veneer can occur, which may lead to necessary root canals and/or porcelain crowns.