Glaucoma is a condition related to the eyes. It is, in fact, a group of eye disorders characterized by a progressive damage to the optic nerve. The gradual loss of nerve tissue leads to blurred vision and vision loss.
In fact, glaucoma is one of the leading causes of irreversible blindness worldwide. Both the types of glaucoma – open-angle and closed-angle glaucoma – are linked to an increased intraocular fluid pressure in the eye, which may cause damage to the optic nerve.
Glaucoma is a common condition in Iran and abroad. But still, a majority of patients may still not know that they have it. For example, 3 million people in the US alone have glaucoma. But nearly half of them are still unaware of it.
Glaucoma is often hard to detect and it rarely shows any signs/symptoms at its beginning stages, but once the complete nerve is damaged, it leads to the total loss of vision. Therefore, any individual with the family history of Glaucoma, or who is at a risk of developing the condition, needs to be extra cautious and get their eyes examined, regularly.
Glaucoma cannot be cured but it can certainly be prevented with its early detection and timely and regular treatment.
Patients in Iran can perform glaucoma treatment at any eye care hospital. The Iranian hospitals are renowned for their advanced infrastructure and treatment facilities, especially when it comes to the treatment of eye-related disorders.
laser surgery for glaucoma tratment in iran start from $850.
The best hospitals for glaucoma treatment in Iran are equipped with the latest technology used to achieve 100 percent success results. Trabeculoplasty is the most common surgical procedure used for the treatment of patients with glaucoma.
The top hospitals for glaucoma surgery in Iran are equipped with both the types of technologies used to conduct trabeculoplasty – Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT) and Argon Laser Trabeculoplasty (ALT). These hospitals are also equipped with emergency services and clinical and investigative laboratories to provide around the clock care to patients.
Low cost of treatment Availability of experienced and skilled surgeons All facilities under a single roof Availability of the best hospitals State-of-the-art technology and other facilities Experienced and empathetic paramedical staffHighly positive success record
The laser surgery for glaucoma cost in iran is start from $800 . but glaucoma surgery cost might be bit different centre by centre but not more than $1100.
The laser surgery for glaucoma cost in india is start from $900
Laser surgery for glaucoma cost in India is around $1000.
Laser surgery for glaucoma cost in UK is around $3000.
Laser surgery for glaucoma cost in Philippines is around $1300.
Laser surgery for glaucoma cost in Iran is around $900.
Laser surgery for glaucoma cost in India dehli is around $1100.
Laser surgery for glaucoma cost in australia is around $1800.
Laser surgery for glaucoma cost in USA is around $3000.
Laser surgery for glaucoma cost in canada is around $2900.
Laser surgery for glaucoma cost in India Chennai is around $950.
The different types of glaucoma include:
Primary open angle glaucoma – is the most common type of glaucoma. In this type of glaucoma, the part of the eye through which the fluid of the eye flows out is open, permitting the outflow of fluid, but the patient still has high pressure. This type of glaucoma develops slowly without any symptoms. Initially it affects the peripheral or side vision and very gradually progresses to the centre. This is the reason why many people are not aware that they have the condition until they have significant vision loss affecting central vision.
Risk factors for primary open angle glaucoma are:
Age more than 40 years
Race – African Americans
Family history of glaucoma
Systemic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, heart disease
Injuries to the eye
Angle closure glaucoma or closed angle glaucoma –is a less common type of glaucoma which occurs due to narrow drainage channels in the eye. Gradual closing of the angle is called chronic angle closure and if the drainage angle closes suddenly, it causes an acute angle closure attack. Acute angle closure glaucoma usually presents as an emergency. A patient who is in an acute angle closure attack will have symptoms of eye pain, nausea, vomiting, redness and blurred vision due to a rapid increase in the eye pressure. In such cases the patient needs immediate treatment by an eye specialist.
Risk factors for angle closure glaucoma:
Age more than 40 years
Race – East Asians
Family history of glaucoma
High hypermetropia or those with a high plus power
Normal tension glaucoma /Low tension glaucoma –In this type of glaucoma the optic nerve can get affected even though the pressure in the eye is normal. Although its cause is not entirely known or understood, normal tension glaucoma is believed to occur either because of an extremely fragile optic nerve that can get damaged even though the pressure in the eye is normal, or because of reduced blood flow to the optic nerve. Because of its silent nature, people usually do not have any visual complaints until a very advanced stage of the disease.
Patients can avail best glaucoma treatment in Iran as any multi-specialty or eye care hospital. The Iranian hospitals are renowned for their advanced infrastructure and treatment facilities, especially when it comes to the treatment of eye-related disorders.
The approach for treatment depends on the type of glaucoma that the patient has. In the case of open-angle glaucoma, the patient is treated on an emergency basis. The patient is first given a medication to reduce the pain in the eye.
Next, a procedure called iridotomy is conducted to reduce the pressure inside the eye. During iridotomy, a hole is created in the eye to make the fluid enter the optical drainage system. This way, the pressure inside the eye is relieved.
This procedure is usually performed on both the eyes even when only one of them is affected. This is because it spreads to the other eye as well sooner or later in the case of open-angle glaucoma.
The treatment for closed-angle glaucoma typically includes the use of following strategies:
Eye Drops: Eye drops are usually the first line of treatment advised by a doctor in the case of glaucoma. However, the use of eye drops may sometimes cause a few side effects such as retinal detachment, changes in the color of the eye, redness, and stinging sensation.
Trabeculoplasty: This is a surgical procedure conducted with the help of a laser. During this surgery, a laser beam is used to clear the drainage passage so that excess fluid inside the eye can eliminate easily.
Viscocanalostomy: During this surgery, the channels inside the eye are opened manually to improve drainage of the fluid. This is conducted only when laser surgery fails to achieve desirable results.
Aqueous Shunt Implant: This approach is mostly followed in children. A tiny silicone tube is attached to the eye to drain excess fluid and reduce pressure inside it.
Cyclophotocoagulation: This procedure targets the middle layer of the eye that produces fluid inside the eye. The main intention of this procedure is to reduce the production of the fluid.
The best eye hospitals in Iran offer all these approaches for the treatment of glaucoma. A line of treatment is suggested to the patient after a thorough assessment of his or her condition.
There is nothing you can do to prevent glaucoma. However, early detection and diagnosis is the key to successful glaucoma treatment. Therefore, you must contact your doctor in case you experience any of the symptoms associated with glaucoma, or for that matter, any changes related to the visual capacity and overall appearance of the eye.
Risk factors for normal tension glaucoma are:
Family history of normal tension glaucoma
Race – Japanese ancestry
Migraine and peripheral vascular disease
Secondary glaucoma –There are certain other types of glaucoma where there is an identifiable cause for increased eye pressure resulting in optic nerve damage and vision loss. These are called secondary glaucoma. It may be caused by prolonged, indiscriminate use of steroids, severe diabetic retinopathy, injuries to the eye, inflammation of the eye (uveitis) or advanced cases of cataract.
If you believe you have any of these risk factors get an eye examination done. Always remember to inform your eye doctor about the risk factors that you have. This will help your doctor decide how often you need to get your eyes examined.
In most cases, glaucoma doesn't cause any noticeable symptoms until the disease has caused permanent damage. Ask your primary care doctor how often you should see an eye doctor (ophthalmologist) for a comprehensive eye exam and follow that schedule.
If you have any new eye symptoms or vision problems, make an appointment with your ophthalmologist or ask your doctor for a referral.
Here's some information to help you get ready for your appointment, and what to expect from your doctor.
What you can do
List any symptoms you've been having, and for how long.
Write down your key medical information, including other conditions with which you've been diagnosed and all medications and supplements you're taking.
List any history of eye problems, such as vision changes or eye discomfort.
Write down questions to ask your doctor. Creating your list of questions in advance can help you make the most of your time with your doctor.
Below are some basic questions to ask your doctor. If any additional questions occur to you during your visit, don't hesitate to ask.
Do I have signs of glaucoma?What tests do I need to confirm a diagnosis?
What treatment approach do you recommend?
Do I need to follow any activity restrictions?
What other self-care measures should I be taking?
What is the long-term outlook in my case?
How often should I be seen for follow-up care?
Should I see a specialist?
I have these other health conditions. How can I best manage them together?
What to expect from your doctor
A doctor who sees you for possible glaucoma is likely to ask you a number of questions, including:
Have you had any eye discomfort or vision problems?
Do you have any other signs or symptoms that concern you?
Do you have any family history of eye problems, including glaucoma?
What eye screening tests have you had and when?
Have you been diagnosed with any other medical conditions?
What medications are you currently taking, including vitamins and supplements?
Your doctor will review your medical history and conduct a comprehensive eye examination.
Your doctor may perform several tests to diagnose glaucoma, including:
Measuring intraocular pressure. Tonometry is a simple, painless procedure that measures your internal eye pressure (intraocular pressure), after numbing your eyes with drops. It's usually the initial screening test for glaucoma.
Test for optic nerve damage. To check for damage in your optic nerve, your eye doctor uses instruments to look directly through the pupil to the back of your eye. This can reveal slight changes that may indicate the beginnings of glaucoma.
Visual field test. To check whether your visual field has been affected by glaucoma, your doctor uses a special test to evaluate your side (peripheral) vision.
Visual acuity. Your doctor will test your ability to see from a distance.
Measuring cornea thickness (pachymetry). Your eyes are numbed for this test, which determines the thickness of each cornea, an important factor in diagnosing glaucoma. If you have thick corneas, your eye-pressure reading may read higher than normal even though you may not have glaucoma. Similarly, people with thin corneas can have normal pressure readings and still have glaucoma.
Other tests. To distinguish between open-angle glaucoma and angle-closure glaucoma, your eye doctor may use a technique called gonioscopy in which a special lens is placed on your eye to inspect the drainage angle. Other tests, such as imaging tests, have been developed and may sometimes be used.