Corneal transplantation, also known as corneal grafting, is a surgical procedure where a damaged or diseased cornea is replaced by donated corneal tissue (the graft). When the entire cornea is replaced it is known as penetrating keratoplasty and when only part of the cornea is replaced it is known as lamellar keratoplasty. Keratoplasty simply means surgery to the cornea. The graft is taken from a recently dead individual with no known diseases or other factors that may affect the chance of survival of the donated tissue or the health of the recipient.
Most of the Cornea Transplant surgeries are successful. But like other transplant surgeries, Cornea Transplant also carries a small risk or complication that is rejection of the donor Cornea. A Cornea Transplant is most often used to restore vision to a person who has a damaged cornea. A cornea transplant may also relieve pain or other signs and symptoms associated with diseases of the cornea.
There are many eye conditions that can affect the clarity of the cornea and put the patient at superior risk of suffering from a Corneal failure. A Corneal Transplant is recommended for eye conditions such as:
-Trichiasis, where eyelashes turn inward and cause friction against the -surface of the eye, causing scarring and loss of vision
-Scarring caused due to infections, such as eye herpes or Fungal
-Hereditary conditions such as Fuchs' Fystrophy
-Clouding or swelling of the Cornea
-Eye disorders such as Advanced Keratoconus
-Thinning of the Cornea and irregular corneal shape like that is -Keratoconus
-Rare complications from LASIK surgery
-Chemical burns caused to the Cornea or damage from an eye injury
-Excessive swelling or Edema of the cornea
-Graft rejection following a previous Corneal Transplant
-Corneal failure that has occurred due to complication from a --
Corneal transplant in Iran is a procedure that is more than a century old though of course it has been modernized as medical technology has advanced. A cornea which is scarred or swollen can cause blurred vision or glare. Your ophthalmologist may recommend a corneal transplant if your cornea cannot be healed or repaired. Corneal transplants allow the patients to regain good vision after their cornea is injured or affected by disease. During this procedure, the damaged or unhealthy cornea is removed and replaced with clear donor corneal tissue. Also called as keratoplasty, this procedure can bring back vision, lessen the pain, and improve the look of your damaged cornea. Contact us to know the Corneal Transplant Success Rate in Iran at the Top Eye Hospitals in Iran for Corneal Transplant.
The corneal transplant cost in Iran start from $1000 , which is extremely affordable when compared to the cost of the US and the UK hospitals that offer the same surgery at the cost of around 21,000 USD. This huge cost difference brings in many global patients far and wide.
The cornea has to be clear to allow the people to see properly. However there are numerous problems that could damaged the cornea and affect the vision. The light rays passing through a damaged cornea can get distorted and change your vision. Hence corneal transplant is needed by people with the following eye problems:
Cornea scarring due to infection and trauma
Keratoconus, a degenerative condition can damaging it due to which cornea becomes misshapen or thin
Corneal ulcers or sores from an infection
Some other corneal conditions which are inherited such as Fuch’s dystrophy, Lattice dystrophy and many others
Thinning, clouding or swelling of the cornea
Problems caused by earlier eye operation
Send your query to know the Corneal Transplant Cost in India with the Best Corneal Transplant Doctors in Iran.
A person should be in good general health in order to get corneal transplant surgery. The blood pressure, blood sugar levels and other functions of the body should be normal. The corneal transplant surgery is much less complicated as the transplant of other organs such as the liver, heart, and kidney. Hence there is not much that keeps a person from opting for this procedure. Get in touch with us to request appointment for the low Corneal Transplant Surgery Cost in Iran with the Best Corneal Transplant surgeons in Iran.
A thorough eye examination is done before the surgery during which the doctor will check for conditions that may cause complications post surgery. Measuring the eyes is also necessary to determine the size of the donor cornea. You will be asked to stop taking certain medicines or supplements before the corneal transplant surgery. Some eye problems such as infection and inflammation of the eyes which can reduce your chances of successful corneal transplant need to be treated before the surgery. You will have to use antibiotic drops in your eye the day before your transplant to help prevent an infection. Most of the times, these surgeries are done as outpatient procedures under local anesthesia. This means you'll be awake but woozy and the area is numb. You'll be able to go home the same day.
You will need to stop eating and drinking most fluids after midnight, the night before surgery. You can have apple juice, water, and plain coffee or tea (without cream or sugar) up to two hours before surgery. Do not drink alcohol 24 hours before or after surgery. On the day of your surgery, do not put creams, lotions or makeup on your face or around your eyes.
In most cases, the surgery is done on an outpatient basis – you come to the hospital or surgery centre a few hours prior to surgery and leave that same day- generally a few hours after the surgery.
Before the transplant, you'll be given a sedative to help you relax and a local anaesthetic to numb your eye. Local or general anesthesia can be used for this procedure. The decision as to which type is used should be discussed with your surgeon preoperatively and is based on your age, general health, length of surgery, and your doctor’s preference and your anxiety level.
The entire procedure is done under a microscope. A circular cookie cutter-like instrument, called a trephine, is used to remove the center of the diseased cornea. your surgeon cuts through the entire thickness of the abnormal or diseased cornea to remove a small button-sized disc of corneal tissue. A “button” of similar size is cut from the donor cornea. This donor tissue is then sewn in place with extremely fine nylon sutures. At the conclusion of the procedure, a patch and shield are applied to protect the eye.
During the procedure, only the central portion of the cornea is involved. The surgeon excises an appropriate circular disc of the patient’s cornea and replaces it with a similarly sized disc of donor cornea, which is then sutured into place.
But with some types of cornea problems, a full-thickness cornea transplant isn't always the best treatment. Partial-thickness (lamellar) transplants may be used in certain situations. These types of procedures include:
Replacing the inner layer of the cornea – This procedure, called a deep lamellar transplant, replaces only the innermost layer of your cornea's five layers. A small incision is made in the side of your eyeball to allow for removal of your cornea's inner layer without damaging the outer layers. A donor graft replaces the removed portion.
Replacing the surface layers of the cornea – The outer layers of the cornea that have been damaged by certain diseases and conditions can be replaced using a procedure called surface lamellar transplant. These surface layers, too, can be removed and replaced with a donor graft.
There are five layers in the cornea and all these are not replaced all the time during the corneal transplant. The different types of corneal transplant procedures include the following:
Full Thickness Corneal Transplant or Penetrating Keratoplasty (PK)
During this procedure all the layers of the cornea are transplanted. The surgeon sews new cornea onto your eye and uses stitches which are thinner than hair. This procedure is required if you have a severe cornea injury or bad bulging and scarring. It has the longest healing time.
Partial Thickness Corneal Transplant or Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty (DALK)
During this procedure only some of the layers of the cornea are transplanted. The surgeon injects air to lift off and separate the thin outside and thick middle layers of the cornea, then removes and replaces only those. People with keratoconus or a corneal scar that hasn't affected the lower layers may have this procedure. The quality requirements of the donated cornea aren't quite strict. The healing time of this procedure is shorter than a full thickness transplant as your eye itself isn't opened up so it's unlikely the lens and iris could be damaged. Also there is a less chance of an infection inside your eye.
Is a type of surgery done to help Fuchs' dystrophy and other medical conditions. Descemet's stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK or DSAEK) is the most common type of endothelial keratoplasty in which the surgeon removes the endothelium, a mere one cell thick and the Descemet membrane just above it. Then he/she will replace them with a donated endothelium and Descemet membrane still attached to the stroma, the cornea's thick middle layer to help him/her handle the new tissue without damaging it. Descemet's membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) transplants just the endothelium and Descemet membrane, no supporting stroma. The donor tissue is very thin and fragile, so it's harder to work with. However the healing from this procedure is usually quicker.These procedures are good options for people with cornea damage in the inner layer only as recovery is easier.
You'll probably wear an eye patch for at least a day, maybe 4, until the top layer of your cornea heals. Your eye will most likely be red and sensitive to light. It might hurt or feel sore for a few days, but some people don't feel any discomfort. You will be prescribed eye drops to bring down inflammation and lower the chances of infection and also other medicines to help with pain. The doctor will check your eye the day after surgery, several times during the following couple of weeks, and then a few more times during the first year. You'll have to protect your eye from injury after your surgery. Follow your doctor's instructions carefully.
After a full thickness corneal transplant, patients have to stay for one night at the hospital. While patients can go home the same day if it is a partial transplant. In case if you had endothelial keratoplasty then you will be asked to lie on back as much as possible during the first few days after surgery.
If your cornea doesn't get any blood then it heals slowly. If you needed stitches, your doctor will take them out at the office a few months later.
Often corneal transplant surgeries are successful but there are few Risk factors of corneal transplant surgery
Increased risk of cataracts
Infection of the eyes
Increase of pressure inside the eye ball called as glaucoma
Recipient’s body can reject the new cornea
Problems with stitches used to attach the donor cornea
Swelling in the cornea
Most people who have a corneal transplant get at least part of their vision restored, however, with each different situation it could take a few weeks and up to a year for your vision to improve fully. Your eyesight might get a little worse before it gets better. Once you are back home from the hospital after surgery, you need to take special care of the eyes by keeping in mind the following points:
Don’t rub your eyes
Avoid strenuous exercise or weight lifting for a few weeks
Don’t allow smoke or dust to enter eyes as they can irritate your eyes
You can get back to work within two to three weeks after surgery if your job does not involve physical strain. If your job involves manual labor then you need to wait for three to four weeks.
Avoid contact sports till doctors support otherwise
Wear sunglasses if you feel sensitive to light
Don’t drive till the doctor gives you the go-ahead
Do not allow water to enter your eyes for one month
Your glasses or contact lens prescription may need adjustment to include astigma corrections because the transplanted tissue won't be perfectly round. After the first year, you should see your eye doctor once or twice every year. The donated tissue usually lasts a lifetime.
You do not need to worry about corneal transplantation until you pay more attention to all these issues before proceeding. The important thing is to find Eye surgery Hospital And corneal transplantation surgeon . If you are looking for corneal transplantation cost in Iran , you can contact us and Get free consultation from Iranian surgery.
Just like any other surgery, you should check your medical records with a professional doctor. To do this, you must send us all your medical files and medical IDs. We will connect you with the best doctors, hospitals and clinics in Iran, and then you can ask any questions you have in mind.
By traveling to Iran, you can save the most money and get the highest quality of Eye surgery.
Low price is one of the most important features of corneal transplantation in Iran. This is because the cost is less than 200 to 500 percent of the price of corneal transplantation in Europe, Turkey, Qatar and the United States, while maintaining the same efficiency.
Most surgeons in Eye surgery in Iran have high experience in Eye surgery.
Most Iranian surgeons graduate from reputable American and European universities and have enough experience to do so.
We offer the best corneal transplantation Package in iran at the most affordable prices. Our cataract corneal transplantation Package in iran includes flight ticket, hotel, pick up, clinic and transfer.
Hotel / Transfer/ Full board / Visa
Items included in the package :
Clinic and doctor visits
Eye surgery in hospital
recovery and follow-up