Pediatric Neurosurgery
Pediatric Neurosurgery
December 16, 2019
Urine Tests
Urine Tests
December 16, 2019

Sexually Transmitted Infection

Sexually Transmitted Infection

Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) Testing

Answering some questions before your test

You will see a doctor or a nurse, who will ask you about your medical and sexual history.

Be prepared to answer questions about your sex life, including:

  • when you last had sex
  • whether you've had unprotected sex
  • whether you have any symptoms
  • why you think you might have an infection

What types of infections can I get after having sex?

Infections can be caught through vaginal sex, oral sex and anal sex. You are most at risk if you have had sex without a condom, but it is still possible to get an infection when a condom has been used so it is a good idea to get tested with any new partners.

Testing is usually done with a swab and/or a urine test and a blood test. The infections we would normally test for include:

  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhoea
  • Syphilis
  • HIV

If you have symptoms, we may also test for:

  • Herpes Simplex virus (HSV) Type 1 & 2
  • Trichomonas vaginalis (TV)
  • Bacterial vaginosis (BV)
  • Candida (Thrush)

Routine Swab and/or Urine tests

  • Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea
  • Herpes simplex virus (HSV)
  • Trichomonas vaginalis (TV)
  • Bacterial vaginosis (BV)
  • Candida (Thrush)

Routine Blood Tests

  • HIV
  • Syphilis
  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C

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STI screening options

Choose from our popular screening options to get tested for more than one STI test in one appointment. Each screen includes chlamydia testing and gonorrhea testing.

What's in the self-test kit?

Our kits test for 6 common sexually transmitted infections (STIs - sometimes called STDs). We will recommend test kits based on your sexual health risk, but you can choose which kits you order.

For chlamydia and gonorrhoea tests, you’ll need to take a small swab from your throat, rectum or vagina, or provide a urine sample. This depends on what type of infection you are testing for. For HIV, syphilis, hepatitis B or hepatitis C, we’ll send you a blood test kit. You only need to complete one blood sample to test for all four STIs.

The contents of the test kit will depend on what type of genitals you have and what type of infection you’d like to test.

Using condoms to protect against STIs

The best way to protect yourself from getting or passing on an infection is to use a condom every time you have sex. The clinic can give you some condoms so you can practice safer sex.

Always buy condoms that have the CE mark or BSI kite mark on the packet. This means they've been tested to high safety standards.

Condoms that don't have the CE mark or BSI kite mark won't meet these standards, so don't use them.

Getting your test results

With some tests, you can get the results – and treatment, if you need it – on the same day. For others, you might have to wait for a week or 2. If this is the case, the clinic will check how you would prefer to receive your results.

If you test positive for an STI, you will be asked to go back to the clinic to talk about your results and the treatment you need.

Many STIs can be cured with antibiotics. Some infections, such as HIV, have no cure, but there are treatments available. The clinic can advise you on these and put you in touch with a counsellor.

If possible, tell your sexual partner and any ex-partners so they can get tested and treated as well.

If you don't want to do this, the clinic can usually do it for you – it's called partner notification and the clinic won't reveal who you are

10 common questions about Sexually Transmitted Infection

1Is sexually transmitted infection curable?
Of these 8 infections, 4 are currently curable: syphilis, gonorrhoea, chlamydia and trichomoniasis. The other 4 are viral infections which are incurable: hepatitis B, herpes simplex virus (HSV or herpes), HIV, and human papillomavirus (HPV)
2What antibiotic is good STD?
Parenteral penicillin continues to be the drug of choice for treatment of all stages of syphilis. Three antiviral medications have been shown to provide clinical benefit in the treatment of genital herpes: acyclovir, valacyclovir and famciclovir
3How long does it take for STD to show?
Average Incubation Periods for Common STDs When symptoms do appear they may show up as early as two days after exposure, or take as long as one month
4Can you get STD from kissing?
A: The only established STD transmitted through kissing is herpes, which is caused by the herpes simplex virus. HIV may be transmitted through kissing if a cut or open sore exists, but this would be considered very rare.
5Can garlic cure STDs?
Garlic does have proven antifungal properties and has been shown to fight the growth of yeast, which may make it beneficial during antibiotic treatment for chlamydia
6How does an STI start?
Many STIs are spread through contact with infected body fluids such as blood, vaginal fluids, or semen. They can also be spread through contact with infected skin or mucous membranes, such as sores in the mouth. You may be exposed to infected body fluids and skin through vaginal, anal or oral sex.
7Can STD cause fever?
Fevers can be caused by chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, HIV, Hepatitis A, or herpes. Fevers always indicate that your body is trying to fight off an infection, but a lot of people may not know that the infection could be the result of a burgeoning STD
8What STD can cause a woman to bleed?
Menstrual periods that are abnormally frequent (polymenorrhea) can be caused by certain sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) (such as Chlamydia or gonorrhea) that cause inflammation in the uterus. This condition is called pelvic inflammatory disease.
9How do u know if u have an STI?
Generally, the symptoms of STIs can include: unusual discharge from the penis, vagina or anus. pain during urination. sores, blisters, ulcers, warts or rashes in the genital area
10What STD is treated with penicillin?
Syphilis : Penicillin is the preferred treatment for syphilis

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