Rectal cancer stage 3

Rectal cancer stage 3

Can Stage 3 rectal cancer be cured?

What is the survival rate of rectal cancer?

Is Stage 3 cancer a terminal?

What is the survival rate for stage 3 rectal cancer?

 

What happens during the stage 3 of rectal cancer?

Stage III rectal cancers have spread to nearby lymph nodes but not to other parts of the body.

Stage IIIA rectal cancer

  • through the mucosa (innermost layer) of the rectum wall to the submucosa (layer of tissue next to the mucosa) or to the muscle layer of the rectum wall. Cancer has spread to one to three nearby lymph nodes or cancer cells have formed in tissue near the lymph nodes; or
  • through the mucosa (innermost layer) of the rectum wall to the submucosa (layer of tissue next to the mucosa). Cancer has spread to four to six nearby lymph nodes.

Stage IIIB rectal cancer

Cancer has spread through the muscle layer of the rectum wall to the serosa or has spread through the serosa but not to nearby organs; cancer has spread to one to three nearby lymph nodes or to tissues near the lymph nodes. OR, cancer has spread to the muscle layer or to the serosa, and to four to six nearby lymph nodes. OR, cancer has spread through the mucosa to the submucosa and may have spread to the muscle layer; cancer has spread to seven or more nearby lymph nodes.

  • through the muscle layer of the rectum wall to the serosa (outermost layer) of the rectum wall or has spread through the serosa to the tissue that lines the organs in the abdomen (visceral peritoneum). Cancer has spread to one to three nearby lymph nodes or cancer cells have formed in tissue near the lymph nodes; or
  • to the muscle layer or to the serosa (outermost layer) of the rectum wall. Cancer has spread to four to six nearby lymph nodes; or
  • through the mucosa (innermost layer) of the rectum wall to the submucosa (layer of tissue next to the mucosa) or to the muscle layer of the rectum wall. Cancer has spread to seven or more nearby lymph nodes.

 

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Stage IIIC rectal cancer

through the serosa (outermost layer) of the rectum wall to the tissue that lines the organs in the abdomen (visceral peritoneum). Cancer has spread to four to six nearby lymph nodes; or

through the muscle layer of the rectum wall to the serosa (outermost layer) of the rectum wall or has spread through the serosa to the tissue that lines the organs in the abdomen (visceral peritoneum). Cancer has spread to seven or more nearby lymph nodes; or

through the serosa (outermost layer) of the rectum wall to nearby organs. Cancer has spread to one or more nearby lymph nodes or cancer cells have formed in tissue near the lymph nodes.

Most people with stage III rectal cancer will be treated with chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery, although the order of these treatments might differ.

 

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Can Stage 3 rectal cancer be cured?

In general, stages 0, I, II, and III are often curable with surgery. However, many people with stage III colorectal cancer, and some with stage II, receive chemotherapy after surgery to increase the chance of eliminating the disease. People with stage II and III rectal cancer will also receive radiation therapy with chemotherapy either before or after surgery. Stage IV is not often curable, but it is treatable, and the growth of the cancer and the symptoms of the disease can be managed. Clinical trials are also a treatment option for each stage. In stage III treatment usually involves surgical removal of the tumor followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. A clinical trial may also an option. For rectal cancer, radiation therapy may be used with chemotherapy before or after surgery, along with adjuvant chemotherapy.

What is the survival rate of rectal cancer?

Staging of colon cancers is useful in predicting the probability of the cancer recurring after surgical removal. It also helps in determining whether chemotherapy may be helpful in preventing or decreasing the likelihood of a cancer recurrence. Stage I cancers have a survival rate of 80-95 percent. Stage II tumors have survival rates ranging from 55 to 80 percent. A stage III colon cancer has about a 40 percent chance of cure and a patient with a stage IV tumor has only a 10 percent chance of a cure. For rectal cancer, the overall 5-year survival rate for people is 67%. If the cancer is diagnosed at a localized stage, the survival rate is 89%. If the cancer has spread to surrounding tissues or organs and/or the regional lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 71%. If the cancer has spread to distant parts of the body, the 5-year survival rate is 15%. 

 

Read more about: Rectal Cancer Symptoms

 

Is Stage 3 cancer a terminal?

Stage III rectal cancers have spread to nearby lymph nodes but not to other parts of the body. Most people with stage III rectal cancer will be treated with chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery, although the order of these treatments might differ. About one-third of all people with colon cancer and cancer in the rectum die from the disease within five years of diagnosis. As with any cancer, the longer the delay in treatment, the greater the danger.

 

What is the survival rate for stage 3 rectal cancer?

A stage III colon cancer has about a 40 percent chance of cure and a patient with a stage IV tumor has only a 10 percent chance of a cure. Chemotherapy is used after surgery in many colon cancers which are stage II, III, and IV as it has been shown that it increases the survival rates.

 

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10 common questions about rectal cancer stage 3

1Can Stage 3 rectal cancer be cured?
Stage III rectal cancers have spread to nearby lymph nodes but not to other parts of the body. Most people with stage III rectal cancer will be treated with chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery, although the order of these treatments might differ. ... After surgery, chemo is given, usually for about 6 months
2What is the survival rate for Stage 3 cancer?
According to the National Cancer Institute in the United States, the survival rate for women with stage 3 breast cancer over a 5-year period is approximately 72 percent. This means that 72 out of 100 women are expected to be alive 5 years after their diagnosis
3What are the chances of surviving rectal cancer?
Survival rates are also available for colon cancer and rectal cancer separately. For colon cancer, the overall 5-year survival rate for people is 64%. If the cancer is diagnosed at a localized stage, the survival rate is 90%
4How serious is stage three colon cancer?
Stage IIIB: The cancer has grown into or through the outermost layer of the colon or rectum and may have spread into nearby organs or tissues. The cancer has spread to up to three lymph nodes near the primary site, but has not spread to distant organs.
5What does Stage 3 rectal cancer mean?
Stage III. Stage III rectal cancer is divided into stages IIIA, IIIB, and IIIC. Enlarge Stage IIIA rectal cancer. Cancer has spread through the mucosa of the rectum wall to the submucosa and may have spread to the muscle layer, and has spread to one to three nearby lymph nodes or tissues near the lymph nodes
6How bad is stage 3 cancer?
Stage 3 cancer means the breast cancer has extended to beyond the immediate region of the tumor and may have invaded nearby lymph nodes and muscles, but has not spread to distant organs. Although this stage is considered to be advanced, there are a growing number of effective treatment options.
7Is Stage 3 cancer a terminal?
stage III – the cancer is larger and may have spread to the surrounding tissues and/or the lymph nodes (part of the lymphatic system) stage IV – the cancer has spread from where it started to at least one other body organ; also known as "secondary" or "metastatic" cancer
8How long can a person live with stage 3 lung cancer?
With advances in treatment, statistics may not be the same as they were when newer treatments were unavailable. That said, the median life expectancy for stage 3 non-small cell lung cancer (the time at which 50% of patients are alive and 50% have passed away) is around 15 months for stage 3A and 13 months for stage 3B
9Is Stage 3 cancer curable?
Because stage 3 breast cancer has spread outside the breast, it's harder to treat than early stage breast cancer. With aggressive treatment, stage 3 breast cancer is curable, but the risk that the cancer will grow back after treatment is high
10Does rectal cancer spread fast?
In the picture above you can see where the colon and rectum are inside the body. In most cases, colon and rectal cancers grow slowly over many years. We now know that most of those cancers start as a growth called a polyp. Taking out the polyp early may keep it from turning into cancer.

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