Parkinson’s disease stages

Parkinson's disease stages

Stages of Parkinson’s disease

What are the stages of Parkinson’s?

Parkinson’s disease is broken into five stages. Each stage presents changing or new symptoms that a person is likely to encounter.

Dividing the disease into stages helps doctors and caregivers understand and address some of the challenges a person is experiencing as the disease progresses.

Stage 1

During the initial stages of Parkinson’s disease, the symptoms are typically not severe. A person can perform everyday tasks with minimal issues, so many of the signs and symptoms of stage 1 can be missed.

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Some signs and symptoms of this stage include changes in:

. Posture

. Facial expressions

. Walking

In addition, a person may experience mild tremors on one side of the body. A doctor might prescribe medication at this stage that will help control the symptoms.

Stage 2

Tremors, trembling, and stiffness affect both sides of the body in stage 2 of the disease and are much more noticeable.

The increased stiffness is often enough to delay tasks. A person may find it difficult to maintain independent living, according to their age and other factors.

Walking, speech, and posture problems are often more noticeable in stage 2 of Parkinson’s.

Stage 3

Stage 3 or mid-stage Parkinson’s disease is characterized by an increase in symptoms. A person will experience most or all of the symptoms of stage 2, plus:

. Problems with balance

. Slow movements

. Slow reflexes

A person with stage 3 Parkinson’s must be aware of the increased likelihood of falling due to coordination issues. Dressing and other self-care tasks may become more difficult.

Treatment at this stage often involves both medication and occupational or physical therapy. Some people respond favorably to treatment, while others may not experience much improvement.

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Stage 4

During stage 4 Parkinson’s, daily activities may be challenging or even impossible. It is likely that a person will require some form of daily care, as independent living is not usually possible.

People at this stage may be able to stand on their own but may need a walker or other assistive device to walk.

Stage 5

Stage 5 is the last and most debilitating stage of Parkinson’s disease. A person will not be able to stand or move around due to stiffness. Depending on their age and health, they may be bedridden or use a wheelchair for mobility.

Unlike earlier stages, a person will need constant nursing aides. Aides will help the person do daily activities and prevent dangerous situations or accidents from occurring.

In stage 5, a person may also experience:

. Hallucinations

. Delusions

. Dementia

. Poor response to medication

. Confusion

 

10 common questions about Parkinson's disease stages

1How long can a person live with Parkinson's disease?
Parkinson's Disease is a Progressive Disorder Patients usually begin developing the disease around age 60, and many live between 10 and 20 years after being diagnosed. However, a patient's current age and general health status factor into the accuracy of this estimate
2What are the five stages of Parkinson's disease?
Different people experience progression at different speeds, as well. However, physicians have established stages that describe how the disease progresses. These five stages are known as the Hoehn and Yahr Scale used by physicians throughout the world to classify patients in research studies
3What do Parkinson's patients usually die from?
But the most common cause of death in those with Parkinson's is pneumonia, because the disease impairs patients' ability to swallow, putting them at risk for inhaling or aspirating food or liquids into their lungs, leading to aspiration pneumonia
4What foods should Parkinson's patients avoid?
Avoid orange and grapefruit juices because these are too acidic and may worsen nausea. Drink beverages slowly. Drink liquids between meals instead of during them. Eat light, bland foods (such as saltine crackers or plain bread)
5Is Parkinson's painful?
Pain is a common, but perhaps unexpected, non-motor symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD). Up to 75 percent of people can experience some form of discomfort during the course of their disease. Unfortunately, this symptom is often under-recognized and therefore undertreated
6Can you drive with Parkinsons?
Many people with early Parkinson's disease can safely continue driving, especially if symptoms are controlled. Because Parkinson's disease worsens over time, however, many people with Parkinson's disease eventually will need to give up driving a car and rely on other forms of transportation
7Can Parkinson's be detected by MRI?
MRI brain scans detect people with early Parkinson's. ... The new MRI approach can detect people who have early-stage Parkinson's disease with 85% accuracy, according to research published in Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology
8Is it OK to drink alcohol with Parkinson's?
While heavy alcohol use is undoubtedly detrimental to health, light to moderate alcohol consumption has been linked to lower risk of cardiovascular disease [1] and more recently to lower risk of cognitive decline and dementia [3], [4]. Little, however, is known about alcohol drinking and Parkinson's disease (PD).
9How quickly does Parkinson progress?
Symptoms usually get worse over time, and new ones probably will pop up along the way. Parkinson's doesn't always affect how long you live. But it can change your quality of life in a major way. After about 10 years, most people will have at least one major issue, like dementia or a physical disability
10Do Parkinson's patients sleep a lot?
Parkinson's disease can cause problems with sleep, and the medications used to treat it can cause even more. Difficulties sleeping during the night can cause daytime sleepiness, and the medications can also cause drowsiness. This disruption to the circadian rhythms can lead to more frequent, lower quality sleep

1 Comment

  1. Avatar Wyatt Hunter says:

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