Are You a Candidate for lasik eye surgery?
February 19, 2019
before lasik eye surgery
February 19, 2019

Facts about lasik eye surgery

Everything about lasik eye surgery

Approved by the FDA nearly 20 years ago, Lasik surgery is a household name around the conversation of vision. Need glasses? You better get LASIK eye surgery. Did the ref make a bad call? He definitely needs LASIK. Want to be a super hero and shoot lasers from your eyes? Get LASIK.

But, contrary to popular belief, LASIK is not for everyone nor does it fix every vision problem.

Let’s start with the basics about LASIK eye surgery

LASIK is an acronym for laser in situ keratomileusis and is a two-step procedure.

The first step makes a micron-thin, circular flap in the cornea – the surface of the eye. This takes just a few seconds and the surgeon uses either a microkeratome or femtosecond laser. Then, the surgeon gently lifts the flap to expose where the actual vision correction treatment will happen, just under the surface of the eye.

In the second step, a computer-guided excimer laser is used to permanently remove the microscopic pieces of tissue creating the patient’s vision problems. The flap is then laid back in place to act as a natural bandage and protect the reshaped portion of the cornea while it heals.

Since LASIK eye surgery was first approved by the FDA, more than 19 million LASIK procedures have been performed in the U.S. Further, LASIK has received more than 45 FDA approvals, treating myopia, hyperopia, presbyopia, astigmatism and more.

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Do they actually shoot lasers into your eyes?

Yes (and it’s pretty cool). First of all, lasers are simply beams of light that move together within the same wavelength at different speeds. For example, the femtosecond laser that is sometimes used to create the flap, is an infrared laser that pulses at one quadrillionth of a second to create microscopic tissue disruptions within the cornea. The excimer laser used to correct your vision is a cool, ultraviolet light beam with a pulse rate of up to 1000 Hz. Notice each laser references a different color? That is because any given laser uses exactly one color of light from the wavelength spectrum.

Lasers are used in surgeries of all types because they are incredibly precise. This is important because people often refer to LASIK as “slicing” or “cutting” into the eye. The descriptions are not quite accurate. The entire LASIK procedure occurs entirely within the layers of the cornea, no other part of the eye is involved. This is only possible because lasers can be used safely without damaging surrounding tissues.

Does it hurt?

LASIK eye surgery is relatively painless because numbing drops are used to anesthetize the eye before and during the procedure. Patients generally experience some pressure from the eyelid holder used to prevent blinking, but otherwise they are made comfortable with the numbing and lubricating drops. After the procedure some patients will have mild discomfort that on average lasts about 5 hours.

Are you awake?

Yes, and that usually makes some people cringe a bit. But, in addition to the numbing drops, you are given a valium (or other sedative) to help keep you calm. Further, there is nothing that you could do being awake that would be harmful to you. If your eye moves, the laser’s tracking capabilities follow your eye. If you sneeze or abruptly move your body too much, the laser automatically turns off.

Is LASIK safe?

Is LASIK safe? This is one of the number one questions people ask about LASIK. And, it’s a good one.

  • LASIK is among the most studied elective procedures. More than 7,000 clinical studies have been conducted and published about LASIK. As a result, there is a tremendous amount of data supporting its safety and effectiveness.
  • LASIK eye surgery has one of the highest patient satisfaction rates of any elective procedure: more than 96 percent.
  • Many LASIK patients have better vision than they did with their best glasses prior to surgery.
  • In more than 40 million procedures performed worldwide, there has never been a case of blindness because of LASIK in anyone who is a healthy, good candidate.

What are the side effects?

It is normal to experience some symptoms during the healing period after LASIK.   After all, it is a surgical procedure even if it only took 15 minutes. This recovery period is to be expected and your eyes may feel a little dry, light sensitive or irritated while they heal. Be sure to talk with your doctor about your symptoms during your post-LASIK visits.

Some patients experience side effects from LASIK which generally include night vision visual symptoms such as glare, halos, ghosting and starbursts, as well as dry eye. Typically, glare, halos, ghosting and starbursts gradually resolve by themselves over a period of a few weeks or months, perhaps as long as a year. Some people require additional courses of eye drops to help reduce inflammation and/or dry eye that can contribute to visual symptoms. In rare cases, less than 5 percent of the time, additional LASIK treatment may be recommended to address residual vision problems or you can wear much thinner glasses or contact lenses.

Can anyone have LASIK eye surgery?

No. In fact, most surgeons report that upwards of 20% of their LASIK consultations are not eligible. Thin or irregular corneas as well as certain eye diseases like glaucoma are likely to disqualify patients for LASIK. Certain autoimmune diseases like lupus or rheumatoid arthritis, and medications, like corticosteroids, that can impair the healing process, sometime make laser vision correction procedures a less-than-ideal choice.

Can I go anywhere and have LASIK?

A refractive surgeon (a board-certified ophthalmologist who has completed additional surgical training) performs LASIK, as well as other vision correction procedures.

Is it for me?

Only you can decide if LASIK eye surgery is right for you. Once you have determined if you are a good candidate, found a surgeon you trust and feel comfortable with, you have to make the decision if it’s right for you and your lifestyle. For those patients who want to be less dependent on glasses or contacts, LASIK technologies and outcomes are better than they’ve ever been and there is a huge body of clinical research and literature that backs it up.

10 common Questions about laser eye surgery

1What is the success rate of laser eye surgery?
LASIK has a high success rate, especially for nearsightedness (myopia). Follow-up studies suggest: 94% to 100% of myopia patients get 20/40 vision or better. 3% to 10% of all patients need another surgery.
2How Safe Is Lasik eye surgery?
Based upon the research into and clinical experience with LASIK, the rate of complications from LASIK eye surgery is estimated to be less than 1 percent, which makes it one of the safest elective surgical procedures available today.
3Can you go blind from Lasik?
Myth: LASIK complications can make you go blind. The truth is, there has never been a case of blindness as a result of LASIK eye surgery complications reported in the United States. The risk of going blind from a LASIK complication is actually comparable to the risk of blindness from wearing contacts.
4Does Lasik eye surgery have side effects?
What Are the Potential Side Effects of LASIK Eye Surgery? Some patients experience discomfort in the first 24 to 48 hours after LASIK eye surgery. Other side effects, although rare, may include: Glare.
5What are the disadvantages of laser eye surgery?
Risks of LASIK include: Dry eyes. LASIK surgery causes a temporary decrease in tear production. ... Glare, halos and double vision. After surgery you may have difficulty seeing at night. ... Undercorrections. ... Overcorrections. ... Astigmatism. ... Flap problems. ... Vision loss or changes.
6Is Lasik surgery painful?
In most cases, PRK and LASIK does not hurt during or immediately after the procedure. Before your LASIK eye surgery begins, numbing eye drops are used to alleviate any pain or discomfort to the eye during the procedure. ... LASIK does not hurt during the procedure, however you may feel some pressure on your eyes.
7How long does it take for vision to stabilize after Lasik?
three to six months Full recovery varies by patient, and it may take three to six months for your vision to fully stabilize. During this time, your LASIK surgeon will meet with you regularly to check on your vision.
8Are you awake during Lasik?
Do I Have To Be Awake During LASIK? LASIK surgery usually takes less than 10 minutes and does not require general anesthesia. ... If you fear you will be anxious during the procedure, your LASIK surgeon will give you a mild sedative or other medication prior to surgery to help you relax.
9Can laser eye surgery go wrong?
Sight-threatening complications such as significant loss of vision from LASIK surgery are extremely rare, and many side effects and laser eye surgery complications can be resolved with additional surgery or medical treatment. ... The first step is to determine if you are a good candidate for vision correction surgery.
10What is the best age to do Lasik?
Most eye surgeons agree the ideal lasik surgery age are people between 25–40 years old are the best candidates for LASIK eye surgery. By age 25, our eyes should have stopped changing. Having a stable prescription for at least two years is a general guideline that someone is a good LASIK candidate.

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