Helping someone else build a family by donating her eggs is something that only a select few women feel called to do. And while it’s a noble gesture to even consider egg donation, not everyone will meet the stringent criteria. You might be wondering if you’ve got what it takes to be an egg donor. Here are 5 things to know about egg donor disqualifications.
What Are All the Requirements to Donate Your Eggs?
There are several primary requirements that must be met in order for you to donate eggs. Medical requirements must be met to ensure the best possible outcome, and they are non-negotiable.
. Between 21-28 years of age
. BMI under 28
. Have regular monthly periods
. No reproductive disorders or abnormalities
. Physically and emotionally healthy
. Non-nicotine user, non-smoker, non-drug user; no vaping or psychotropic drug use
. Not currently on the Depo-Provera shot
. Not currently using the Implanon/Nexplanom arm implant
In addition, a donor must be:
. Willing to be under consideration for 6 months
. Willing and able to respond to communication within 24 hours
What Disqualifies You from Donating Eggs?
A number of factors are taken into consideration when a candidate submits an egg donor application. As mentioned previously, age is important. If a candidate is much older or younger than the required age range, she is more likely to yield poor quality, or aneuploid, eggs. These eggs have an abnormal number of chromosomes and cannot develop into viable embryos.
Other key factors that disqualify you from donating eggs are medical and mental health history. While no one’s family health history is completely clean, certain diseases and disorders will prevent an applicant from moving forward. Genetic testing during the medical workup can uncover such conditions. While it’s always disappointing when a cycle is cancelled, it is also important information for the donor to have.
Something else to keep in mind? Your level of commitment. Due to the time sensitive nature of egg donation, donors must be responsible, communicative and respectful of appointments and schedules. Consider your ability to make the donor cycle a priority; unresponsiveness is one of the most common egg donor disqualifications.
Five Common Egg Donor Disqualifiers
Potential donors are ruled out based on the below criteria:
. Health concerns – Egg donors must be physically healthy and within a normal BMI range. Our egg donation program does not include women who use tobacco products or those who currently take psychoactive drugs. Our program will not accept women with a history of substance abuse.
. Inheritable genetic disorders – As an egg donor, your genetic history is of great concern to prospective parents. An inheritable genetic condition will disqualify you from reputable egg donor programs.
. Contraception – Women using Depo-Provera injections or contraceptive implants will not be able to donate their eggs.
. Menstruation – Having a regular period is an important indicator of fertility. Women with irregular or abnormal periods may have reproductive conditions such as endometriosis or PCOS, which can affect your application. If you have been diagnosed with a reproductive condition, we recommend contacting Egg Donor America with questions prior to completing your application.
. Schedule – Becoming an egg donor requires a firm commitment to your appointments. Egg donors need to be dependable, mature and very reliable. If your schedule will not allow for the required appointments, then you will not be able to become a donor.
Is Contraception Important?
Yes! Contraception is crucial, in fact, both to the success of the donor cycle and for your own safety. Applicants are asked what kind of contraception they are using. This is important for a number of reasons.
. Donor candidates using a method of contraception that does not allow for regular monthly menstruation are ineligible. Certain pills, IUDs and implants alter hormones, which can have a negative impact on the cycle. Without a regular period, it is also not possible to track and sync with the intended mother or gestational carrier prior to the retrieval. A candidate who is not currently on birth control will be instructed to take it during the donor process.
. Donors who are not using contraception (or are having unprotected sex) are at a higher risk of sexually transmitted diseases. STD testing is part of a donor’s medical workup, and it is critical that she remain STD free for the duration of her participation in the program.
. While taking the required injectable medications prior to retrieval, a donor is extremely fertile. The medication induces a larger number of follicles than the body would normally produce, which means that the risk of pregnancy potentially with multiples is much higher. To prevent this, donors must abstain from intercourse during the medication phase of the process until she gets her next period after the egg retrieval.
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