After surgery, most people need pills for the rest of their life to replace lost thyroid hormones. If the parathyroid glands are also removed, calcium and vitamin D pills may also be needed.
To ensure proper hormone levels and prevent side effects from hormonal imbalances, most patients undergo periodic blood testing and dosage adjustments (if necessary). High hormone levels can lead to weight loss, heart palpitations, chest pains and cramping, while low hormone levels can cause weight gain, fatigue, hair loss and dry skin.
Side effects from radioactive iodine include: mild nausea during the first day, swelling and pain in the neck where thyroid cells remain and dry mouth. Rarely, men receiving high doses can lose fertility. Women are advised against getting pregnant for one year after a high dose. High doses also kill normal thyroid cells so thyroid hormone pills may be needed.
Read more about : Pancreatic cancer
Read more about : Prostate Cancer Treatments Pros and Cons
Read more about : Cancer Treatment
Read more about : Orchiectomy surgery for prostate cancer
Side effects depend on the dose. Radiation to the neck may cause a dry, sore mouth and throat, hoarseness, difficulty swallowing and fatigue.
Chemo can cause a number of issues depending on the type, dose and duration of treatment. Possible side effects include hair loss, mouth sores, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, increased risk of infection, easy bruising and fatigue. Oftentimes, these side effects can be managed with medications prescribed by a physician.
Most people are able to go back to work about 2 weeks after their operation. But this will depend on how strenuous your work is. After any operation you need time for your body to recover and your wound to heal. Thyroid surgery is quite a major operation. It will take some time to heal and adjust afterwards.
You may have some pain and stiffness around your neck. The nurses will give you medicines to help with the pain. To avoid any strain on your neck wound you shouldn't lift any heavy objects for about 2 weeks after thyroid surgery.
If you are working, you will need to take time off after your surgery. Most people are able to go back to work about 2 weeks after their operation. But this will depend on how strenuous your work is. If you have had lymph nodes removed from your neck you may need to take up to 8 weeks off.
Generally, if you have had surgery for thyroid cancer, you will be able to go back to most of the things you were doing before your operation. The recovery time varies and may take longer for some people.
If you are worried about anything, let your doctor or nurse know. They will be happy to answer any questions.
Unless diagnosed early and found during a thyroidectomy, most cases of anaplastic thyroid cancer lead to a rapid and untimely death. Anaplastic thyroid cancer tends to be found after it has spread, and is one of the most incurable cancers known to mankind. Anaplastic carcinoma (also called giant and spindle cell cancer) is the most dangerous form of thyroid cancer. It is rare, and spreads quickly. Follicular tumor is more likely to come back and spread. Medullary carcinoma is a cancer of non-thyroid hormone-producing cells that are normally present in the thyroid gland.
Chemo can cause a number of issues depending on the type, dose and duration of treatment. Possible side effects include hair loss, mouth sores, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, increased risk of infection, easy bruising and fatigue. Thyroid pills may have a few side effects. Occasionally, some patients develop a rash or lose some hair during the first months of treatment. The hair loss is typically reversed after your thyroid hormone levels are normalized.
While papillary carcinomas often spread to the lymph nodes in the neck, these cancers can usually be treated successfully and are rarely fatal. Thyroid cancer survivors report poor quality of life after diagnosis and treatment. For example, the 5-year survival rate for invasive thyroid cancer is 97.9 percent. Disease-free patients after thyroid carcinoma have a normal residual life span. In contrast, in cases of persistent disease the life expectancy ranges widely with its median being reduced to 60%. Overall, treatment including radioiodine is safe but unsuccesful in 20% of the patients.