Common side effects of thyroid cancer treatment:

Common side effects of thyroid cancer treatment

How long does it take to recover from thyroid cancer?

How dangerous is thyroid cancer?

Do you lose your hair with thyroid cancer treatment?

Will thyroid cancer kill you?


side effects of thyroid cancer


After surgery, most people need pills for the rest of their life to replace lost thyroid hormones. If the parathyroid glands are also removed, calcium and vitamin D pills may also be needed.

Thyroid Hormone Treatment

To ensure proper hormone levels and prevent side effects from hormonal imbalances, most patients undergo periodic blood testing and dosage adjustments (if necessary). High hormone levels can lead to weight loss, heart palpitations, chest pains and cramping, while low hormone levels can cause weight gain, fatigue, hair loss and dry skin.

Radioactive Iodine Therapy

Side effects from radioactive iodine include: mild nausea during the first day, swelling and pain in the neck where thyroid cells remain and dry mouth. Rarely, men receiving high doses can lose fertility. Women are advised against getting pregnant for one year after a high dose. High doses also kill normal thyroid cells so thyroid hormone pills may be needed.


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External Radiation Therapy

Side effects depend on the dose. Radiation to the neck may cause a dry, sore mouth and throat, hoarseness, difficulty swallowing and fatigue.


Chemo can cause a number of issues depending on the type, dose and duration of treatment. Possible side effects include hair loss, mouth sores, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, increased risk of infection, easy bruising and fatigue. Oftentimes, these side effects can be managed with medications prescribed by a physician.

How long does it take to recover from thyroid cancer?

Most people are able to go back to work about 2 weeks after their operation. But this will depend on how strenuous your work is. After any operation you need time for your body to recover and your wound to heal. Thyroid surgery is quite a major operation. It will take some time to heal and adjust afterwards.

You may have some pain and stiffness around your neck. The nurses will give you medicines to help with the pain. To avoid any strain on your neck wound you shouldn't lift any heavy objects for about 2 weeks after thyroid surgery.


Thyroidectomy scar



Taking time off work

If you are working, you will need to take time off after your surgery. Most people are able to go back to work about 2 weeks after their operation. But this will depend on how strenuous your work is. If you have had lymph nodes removed from your neck you may need to take up to 8 weeks off.

Recovery time

Generally, if you have had surgery for thyroid cancer, you will be able to go back to most of the things you were doing before your operation. The recovery time varies and may take longer for some people.

If you are worried about anything, let your doctor or nurse know. They will be happy to answer any questions. 


Thyroid cancer treatment in iran

Papillary Thyroid Cancer (PTC)


How dangerous is thyroid cancer?

Unless diagnosed early and found during a thyroidectomy, most cases of anaplastic thyroid cancer lead to a rapid and untimely death. Anaplastic thyroid cancer tends to be found after it has spread, and is one of the most incurable cancers known to mankind. Anaplastic carcinoma (also called giant and spindle cell cancer) is the most dangerous form of thyroid cancer. It is rare, and spreads quickly. Follicular tumor is more likely to come back and spread. Medullary carcinoma is a cancer of non-thyroid hormone-producing cells that are normally present in the thyroid gland.


Thyroidectomy Surgery in Iran

laryngoscopy thyroid surgery


Do you lose your hair with thyroid cancer treatment?

Chemo can cause a number of issues depending on the type, dose and duration of treatment. Possible side effects include hair loss, mouth sores, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, increased risk of infection, easy bruising and fatigue. Thyroid pills may have a few side effects. Occasionally, some patients develop a rash or lose some hair during the first months of treatment. The hair loss is typically reversed after your thyroid hormone levels are normalized.


Thyroidectomy complications

Thyroidectomy recovery


Will thyroid cancer kill you?

While papillary carcinomas often spread to the lymph nodes in the neck, these cancers can usually be treated successfully and are rarely fatal. Thyroid cancer survivors report poor quality of life after diagnosis and treatment. For example, the 5-year survival rate for invasive thyroid cancer is 97.9 percent. Disease-free patients after thyroid carcinoma have a normal residual life span. In contrast, in cases of persistent disease the life expectancy ranges widely with its median being reduced to 60%. Overall, treatment including radioiodine is safe but unsuccesful in 20% of the patients.


Thyroidectomy Surgery

Organ transplantation


10 common question about Common side effects of thyroid cancer treatment:

1What are the side effects of radiation for thyroid cancer?
Because of this, radioactive iodine (RAI, also called I-131) can be used to treat thyroid cancer. ... Short-term side effects of RAI treatment may include: Neck tenderness and swelling. Nausea and vomiting. Swelling and tenderness of the salivary glands. Dry mouth. Taste changes.
2Can chemo affect your thyroid?
In cancer patients, thyroid function is thought to be vulnerable to chemotherapy, as hypothalamic-pituitary axis is active and chemotherapy is systemic therapy for patients. The influence of chemotherapy on thyroid function was just seen as a late effect [1, 2], mainly presenting hypothyroidism.
3Will I lose my hair with thyroid cancer?
Symptom: Hair Loss Hair loss is another sign that thyroid hormones may be out of balance. Both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism can cause hair to fall out. In most cases, the hair will grow back once the thyroid disorder is treated.
4Can thyroid cancer go away on its own?
Thyroid nodule treatment The nodule may go away on its own or stay the same size. Patients treated this way should be checked by their doctor every 6 months to monitor the growth of the nodule. ... If a nodule is cancerous or grows despite hormone pill treatment, surgery to remove the nodule may be needed.
5Is radiation better than chemo?
Radiation therapy can take place on its own, but it's frequently combined with chemotherapy as a comprehensive cancer treatment program. Radiation therapy differs from chemotherapy — it is used to treat just the tumor, so it affects only the part of the body that has cancer.
6Do you gain weight after radioactive iodine treatment?
New eye disease developed in 45 patients after radioactive iodine therapy. ... Weight gain is common, but in this study was not measured against patients' normal weight prior to the development of hyperthyroidism, which has previously been shown to be associated with weight gain after treatment.
7What foods are bad for thyroid?
These foods have goitrogens or are known irritants if consumed in large amounts. Foods that contain gluten: Bread, pasta, cereals, beer, etc. Soy foods: Tofu, tempeh, edamame beans, soy milk, etc. Cruciferous vegetables: Broccoli, kale, spinach, cabbage, etc. Certain fruits: Peaches, pears and strawberries.
8What happens if thyroid is high?
High amounts of T4, T3, or both can cause an excessively high metabolic rate. ... Hyperthyroidism can cause more frequent bowel movements, weight loss, and, in women, irregular menstrual cycles. Visibly, the thyroid gland itself can swell into a goiter, which can be either symmetrical or one-sided.
9Does thyroid cancer need chemotherapy?
Chemotherapy is systemic therapy, which means that the drug enters the bloodstream and travels throughout the body to reach and destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy is seldom helpful for most types of thyroid cancer, but fortunately it is not needed in most cases.
10Do you have hypothyroidism look at your hands?
People with hypothyroidism often report having cold hands or feet, although they may feel that their whole body is cold. These symptoms are not exclusive to hypothyroidism, however. Circulation problems or anemia can also cause people to feel chilly.

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