Bartholin cyst surgery marsupialization

Bartholin cyst surgery marsupialization

What to Expect from Marsupialization?


What is marsupialization?

Marsupialization is a surgical procedure used to treat Bartholin’s cysts. Bartholin’s glands are tiny organs on the labia near the vaginal opening. The glands help provide lubrication for sexual intercourse. Under normal circumstances, you’d probably never notice these glands. But sometimes, skin grows over the opening of the gland, trapping fluid inside. A buildup of fluid results in a cyst.

If you have a small Bartholin’s cyst, there’s a good chance that it’s painless. However, they can grow large enough to cause discomfort and pain. They can occasionally become infected or abscessed. In those situations, your doctor will likely recommend treatment.

Marsupialization is also used to treat other types of cysts, such as Skene duct cysts, which develop near the opening of the urethra.


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Marsupialization uses

Marsupialization is often used to treat cysts that form in the Bartholin's glands. These are a pair of small, pea-sized glands found just inside the vagina that secrete lubricating fluid during sexual intercourse.

The fluid travels into the vagina down tiny tubes called ducts. If these ducts become blocked, they can fill with fluid and form a cyst.

No one knows for sure why these ducts get blocked and develop cysts. In rare cases, sexually transmitted infections may cause Bartholin's cysts.

Doctors may recommend marsupialization if a person has a history of recurring Bartholin's gland cysts, or if the cysts cause significant pain. It is also a good treatment option in situations where other treatments have failed.

Marsupialization is an effective treatment that has few risks. Doctors will not carry out the procedure if there is an abscess present, however. Sometimes the surgery is recommended but does not go ahead because the person declines the treatment.


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During Marsupialization

Marsupialization is the surgical technique of cutting a slit into an abscess or cyst and suturing the edges of the slit to form a continuous surface from the exterior surface to the interior surface of the cyst or abscess. Sutured in this fashion, the site remains open and can drain freely. This technique is used to treat a cyst or abscess when a single draining would not be effective and complete removal of the surrounding structure would not be desirable.


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Complications of marsupialisation

complications after marsupialisation are rare, they can include:

  • infection
  • the abscess returning
  • bleeding
  • pain – you may be given painkillers for the first 24 hours after the procedure

After marsupialisation, you'll be advised to take things easy for a few days. You should avoid having sex until the wound has completely healed, which usually takes about 2 weeks.


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10 common questions about Bartholin cyst surgery marsupialization

1What is Marsupialization of Bartholin cyst?
Marsupialization involves opening the Bartholin cyst or abscess and then suturing the edges, thereby forming a permananent open pocket or pouch and allowing continued drainage. ... The study included 82 women who were treated with a Word catheter and 79 who underwent marsupialization.
2Is Bartholin cyst surgery painful?
After surgery, you may have pain and discomfort in your vulva for several days. ... You may also have pain if your urine comes into contact with your wound. Your doctor may have put a small rubber tube, called a catheter, in the cut (incision). The catheter keeps the area open so fluid can drain out of it
3What is a Marsupialization surgery?
Marsupialization is the surgical technique of cutting a slit into an abscess or cyst and suturing the edges of the slit to form a continuous surface from the exterior surface to the interior surface of the cyst or abscess. Sutured in this fashion, the site remains open and can drain freely.
4Do they put you to sleep to remove a Bartholin cyst?
Because the vulva has an extensive blood supply, removing a Bartholin gland cyst can cause bleeding. This is best treated in a surgical setting. ... If the cyst is painful, your doctor probably will recommend a general anesthetic to put you to sleep
5Can a Bartholin cyst stay for years?
It is possible for Bartholin's gland cysts to come back after treatment. This can happen even years later. If so, your doctor can treat the cyst again. Your doctor also may completely remove the Bartholin's glands if cysts recur often
6What is the recovery time for Marsupialization of Bartholin cyst?
You can expect to feel better each day, but you will probably need 2 to 4 weeks to recover. Your doctor will advise you to avoid having sex for at least 2 weeks, or until your vulva is completely healed. After one of these surgeries, your cyst and any pain in your vulva should go away.
7Can a Bartholin cyst come back after surgery?
Surgical drainage. You'll feel better right away after the fluid has been drained. But you may need to take oral pain medication for several days afterwards. Keep in mind that a Bartholin's cyst or abscess may come back and need treatment again
8How did I get a Bartholin cyst?
What causes a Bartholin gland cyst? Things like an infection, thick mucus, or swelling can block a Bartholin gland duct and cause a cyst. The cyst can get bigger after sex, because the glands make more fluid during sex. Infected Bartholin cysts are sometimes caused by sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
9Is a Bartholin cyst an STD?
Although Bartholin's cysts are not sexually transmitted, gonorrhea (a sexually transmitted disease) is a common cause. A cyst is a closed sac-like structure full of liquid, which can be semisolid or include gas. A bacterial infection may cause the blockage and subsequent cyst
10Why do I have recurring Bartholin cyst?
Experts believe that the cause of a Bartholin's cyst is a backup of fluid. Fluid may accumulate when the opening of the gland (duct) becomes obstructed, perhaps caused by infection or injury. A Bartholin's cyst can become infected, forming an abscess


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