Endoscopic Sinus Surgery in Iran

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Endoscopic Sinus Surgery in Iran

endoscopic in iran

Endoscopic Sinus Surgery in Iran

Endoscopic Sinus Surgery is a surgical procedure performed to treat a condition called sinusitis or inflammation of the sinuses. In this method, an endoscope inserted through the nose is used to see and perform the surgical procedure with small scale surgical instruments. The endoscopic sinus surgery is thus a minimally invasive surgical procedure.

Sinusitis or inflammation of the sinuses may occur due to blockage of the sinuses, which then fills up with fluids and may become infected. Sinusitis gives rise to symptoms like stuffy and runny nose, cough, fatigue, fever, pain in the face, dental pain, etc. Sinusitis may be acute where the symptoms appear suddenly and are short lived, or chronic where the symptoms stay for an extended period of time.

Sinusitis occurs due to blockage of the sinuses, which may be caused by a number of factors including common cold, allergic rhinitis or hay fever, small tissue growths of the nasal and sinus lining, or a shift in the nasal septum due to disease or trauma. Treatment involves draining out the accumulated fluid. Acute sinusitis is usually resolved on its own. However, chronic sinusitis requires treatment. Surgical procedures are followed if medications and other procedures are unable to resolve sinus blockage and drain out accumulated fluid.

Endoscopic Sinus Surgery treatment in Iran


Medications are administered first to treat sinusitis. In case medications are unable to cure the condition, sinus surgery is advised, and most sinus surgeries are performed using endoscope. The endoscope is inserted into the nasal cavity through the nose to allow the sinuses o be visualized while the surgery is performed. Small scale surgical instruments as required according to the particular case being treated are inserted along with the endoscope to perform the surgery. Small tissue buildups, polyps, bones etc. may be removed by simple tools like scalpels and tweezers. Rotating burr like tools may be used to scrape off excess growing tissue. Lasers may be used in some cases to burn and remove excess tissue. Sometimes a balloon may be used to widen the sinus passage to facilitate draining.

All these procedures are minimally invasive and relatively simple and may be performed under general or local anesthesia.

Who is a good candidate for endoscopic sinus surgery?


Sinusitis may be acute, where the symptoms are short term, or chronic, where the symptoms persist for a long time. Treatment is required for chronic sinusitis, where symptoms like abnormal nasal discharge, stuffy and runny nose, facial and dental pain, etc. persist for a long time. Surgical procedures are required for treatment only when medications or other treatment methods are ineffective.

Who is not a good candidate for endoscopic sinus surgery?


Sinusitis is common and usually goes away without treatment. Acute sinusitis does not need to be treated with surgery. The chronic cases which are resolved through medications also do not need surgical treatment.

Is endoscopic sinus surgery has any side effects?


Some side effects may appear with endoscopic surgery for sinusitis in rare cases. Complications may include nasal bleeding, perpetual nasal discharge, pain in the base of the skull and eyes, eye pain that increases when bending forward, etc. Surgery may be completely unable to cure the original sinus problem in very rare cases.

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After endoscopic sinus surgery

A number of post treatment guidelines are prescribed after endoscopic sinus surgery. These include taking prescribed antibiotics, gauze packing inside nose to absorb blood, using prescribed nasal spray to prevent inflammation, nasal washing and irrigation with saltwater or prescribed formulae, using humidifier to maintain moisture inside the room, avoiding heavy exercise for a few days, etc.

How long does it take to recover?

Complete recovery takes place in about two to four weeks after the endoscopic surgery unless further complications develop.

What is the price of the treatment in Iran?

What affects the final cost of Sinus Surgery in iran?

Treatment method
Technology used
Qualifications/expertise of specialist
Accommodation
The patient's general health

Endoscopic Sinus Surgery costs start $500

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Longevity of the endoscopic sinus surgery results depend on the extent of the blockage treated and the nature of the blockage. In most cases the results are long term until further blockage occurs.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

A number of alternative treatment practices exist for sinusitis. Herbal and traditional medications may be beneficial in reducing the blockages of the sinuses. Aromatherapy using essential oils have been found to be moderately effective in preventing and reducing blockages and inflammation of the sinuses. Breathing exercises like Pranayam are also recommended to keep the sinus passages free from blockage.

Facts about endoscopic sinus surgery :

80% to 90% of people report a considerable reduction in symptoms after endoscopic sinus surgery.
Endoscopic sinus surgery was introduced in the 1960s but did not become widely used in the U.S. until the 1980s.
The endoscope, which utilizes fiberoptic technology, allows doctors to see inside the sinuses without cutting the face, and makes it possible to see parts of the sinuses that were formerly difficult to reach.
35 million Americans - about 14% of the population - experience symptoms of sinusitis every year.
It is estimated that 1% to 2% of adults in the U.S. have lost their sense of smell and taste to a significant degree.

What Conditions Are Treated With This Surgery ?

Endoscopic sinus surgery is used to treat : -

Sinusitis
Deviated septum
Polyps
Tumors

Frequently asked Questions About endoscopic sinus surgery

1How long does endoscopic sinus surgery take?
The operation may take anywhere from 2 to 4 hours depending on the extent of surgery that is required. An overnight hospital stay is only rarely required. Pain tends to be of the dull achy variety and is well treated with pain medication.
2What happens during endoscopic sinus surgery?
Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) FESS is a minimally-invasive approach to the sinus cavities using endoscopes (telescopes) to view the important structures of the nose and sinuses. The endoscope is inserted through the nose. ... The surgery is often performed on an outpatient basis.
3How is endoscopic sinus surgery performed?
Endoscopic Sinus Surgery. Endoscopic sinus surgery is a surgical procedure used to remove blockages in the sinuses. These blockages can cause sinusitis, in which the sinus mucous membranes swell and become blocked, causing pain, drainage and impaired breathing.
4What are the risks of endoscopic sinus surgery?
Sinus surgery has many risks and complications, for example: Failure to resolve infection. Recurrence of the original sinus problem. Bleeding. Chronic nasal drainage. Failure to resolve all original sinus problems. Damage to the eyes or base of the skull. Pain. Reduction or loss of sense of smell or taste.
5Are you put to sleep for sinus surgery?
Sinus surgery is performed with general anesthesia so you will be asleep during your procedure. After surgery you will spend a few hours in a recovery room to allow you to wake up.
6Is endoscopic sinus surgery painful?
Most patients manage sinus surgery pain with oral pain pills. Your doctor can tell you what to expect, based on the type of surgery you have. Facial swelling or bruising is rare, but the inside of your nose will be swollen and sore for a while. This may make breathing through your nose difficult for about two weeks.
7How long does it take to recover after sinus surgery?
You will probably be able to return to work or school in about 1 week and to your normal routine in about 3 weeks. However, this varies with your job and the extent of your surgery. Most people feel normal in 1 to 2 months. You will have to visit your doctor regularly for 3 to 4 months after your surgery.
8How dangerous is sinus surgery?
Brain fluid can leak into the nose and, in severe cases, can lead to an infection in the lining of the brain such as meningitis. While this issue is extremely rare, it is often identified and repaired while the initial surgery is taking place. Although eye damage is rare, surgery may cause bleeding or watery eyes.
9Can sinusitis be cured without surgery?
The sinusitis is much easier to treat, however. Fortunately, most patients are able to be treated without surgery. Ninety to 95% of patients with chronic sinusitis can be effectively treated with medical therapy
10Will I feel better after sinus surgery?
Pain: You should expect some nasal and sinus pressure and pain for the first several days after surgery. ... Fatigue: You can expect to feel very tired for the first week after surgery. This is normal and most patients plan on taking at least 1 week off of work to recover.

 

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