Heart valve surgery is a procedure to treat heart valve disease. Heart valve disease involves at least one of the four heart valves not working properly. Heart valves keep blood flowing in the correct direction through the heart.
The four heart valves are the mitral valve, tricuspid valve, pulmonary valve and aortic valve. Each valve has flaps — called leaflets for the mitral and tricuspid valves and cusps for the aortic and pulmonary valves. These flaps should open and close once during each heartbeat. Valves that don't open or close properly disrupt blood flow through the heart to the body.
In heart valve surgery, a surgeon repairs or replaces the damaged or diseased heart valve or valves. Many surgical approaches can be used to repair or replace heart valves, including open-heart surgery or minimally invasive heart surgery.
The type of heart valve surgery needed depends on various factors, including your age, your health, and the type and severity of heart valve disease.
Risks of Heart Valve Repair or Replacement
The risks of valve replacement surgery vary depending on your age and general health before surgery. Younger, healthy people have a lower risk of problems, while older people with other health problems have a higher risk.
In general, the risks include:
. Effects from the surgery itself. These include:
Risks from anesthesia.
. Heart attack and stroke.
. Death from the surgery. This risk can be higher or lower depending on many things such as age, heart health, and other medical problems.
. Blood clots caused by the new valve. Replacement with a mechanical valve requires lifelong treatment with anticoagulant medicine to prevent dangerous blood clots.
. Infection around the replacement valve.
. Failure of the new valve. There is a small chance that the valve will not work. Your doctor will need to check from time to time to make sure that your valve is working.
. The need for another valve replacement surgery. Replacement valves last only for a limited time. Having valve surgery again will depend on what type of valve you have and how long you live after your first surgery.
About Iranian Surgery
Iranian surgery is an online medical tourism platform where you can find the best heart (cardiac) surgeons in Iran. The price of Valve Replacement Surgery in Iran can vary according to each individual’s case and will be determined by an in-person assessment with the doctor.
For more information about the cost of Valve Replacement Surgery in Iran and to schedule an appointment in advance, you can contact Iranian Surgery consultants via WhatsApp number 0098 901 929 0946. This service is completely free.