How much does Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy cost in Iran?
The cost of Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy in Iran is much lower from the actual costs in other western countries and asian countries. Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy is a minimally invasive procedure, which is performed to remove stone from the kidney by inserting a tube through the skin into the kidney. The key issue is that the percutaneous nephrolithotomy surgery cost in Iran are currently much lower than in many other countries. Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy is performed to remove stones from the kidney and upper part of the ureter. It is also important to remember that due to the worldwide phenomenon of medical inflation, global treatment costs has become affordable. It is important to be aware that in Iran what will be the cost of the procedures at hospitals like Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy.
Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy is a minimally invasive procedure, which is performed to remove stone from the kidney by inserting a tube through the skin into the kidney. Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy is performed to remove stones from the kidney and upper part of the ureter. Only those stones that cannot be treated by Lithotripsy or Cystoscopy / Ureteroscopy due to it's shape, very large size, number or are treated and removed using Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy. If you have a kidney stone that fulfills all or one of the above criteria, then you are an ideal candidate for Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy. Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy is performed under general anesthesia and may take about 3 - 4 hours. An incision in the skin, about 1/2 inch in length is made in the flank area, overlying the kidney. A thin tube is passed through the incision under x-ray guidance to visualize the stone. A Lithotripter is used to break the stone and the stone fragments are then removed through the tube. The nephrostomy tube is left in the kidney to allow easy drainage of urine, blood and residual fragments of stone. A stent may be placed to ensure patency of the ureter and facilitate drainage from the kidney to the urinary bladder. A catheter will be placed to drain urine from your urinary bladder.
The Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy cost in Iran start from $850
The most common risks from percutaneous nephrolithotomy include the following:
Injury to the kidney
Injuries to other organs
Incomplete stone removal
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is performed in the hospital, and you will be given general anesthesia, meaning you will be asleep during the procedure.
Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to reduce your chance of developing an infection after the procedure.
During Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy surgery in Iran
Before undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy, your surgeon may have you go to the radiology department first. You will undergo local anesthesia, meaning you will be awake. The radiologist will use CT, ultrasound, or X-ray imaging to guide access to the kidney. You will then be transferred to the operating room for the actual procedure.
The surgeon may prefer to access the kidney in the operating room while you are under general anesthesia. In this case, the surgeon will put a tube through your bladder and up into your kidney, and will use X-ray imaging to make a puncture in your kidney so that the stones can be removed. If you have very large stones, the surgeon may need to make more than one puncture.
When the doctor has access to the kidney stones, he or she will place a sheath into the kidney and break up the stones using a specialized instrument. When the fragments are small enough, the doctor will remove them. When the procedure is complete, the surgeon may leave drainage tubes in the kidney to ensure that all the fragments are gone.
Your doctor may send the kidney stone fragments to be analyzed or to check for infection.
You may stay in the hospital for one or two days after the procedure. Your doctor will recommend that you avoid heavy lifting, pushing or pulling for two to four weeks. You may be able to return to work after a week.
If the doctor has left drainage tubes in the kidney, you will need to watch for any bleeding. If you notice significant bleeding in your urine or from the tube (thick blood, like ketchup, or blood clots), go to the emergency department.
If you develop a fever or chills, contact your doctor. These could be signs and symptoms of infection. Your doctor will probably take urine and blood tests and X-rays and then send you to the emergency department. If you have significant pain that is not relieved by your prescribed pain medicine, contact your doctor.