Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy surgery in Iran

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Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy surgery in Iran

percutaneous nephrolithotomy surgery Iran

How much does Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy cost in Iran?


The cost of Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy in Iran is much lower from the actual costs in other western countries and asian countries. Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy is a minimally invasive procedure, which is performed to remove stone from the kidney by inserting a tube through the skin into the kidney. The key issue is that the percutaneous nephrolithotomy surgery cost in Iran are currently much lower than in many other countries. Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy is performed to remove stones from the kidney and upper part of the ureter. It is also important to remember that due to the worldwide phenomenon of medical inflation, global treatment costs has become affordable. It is important to be aware that in Iran what will be the cost of the procedures at hospitals like Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy.

What is the percutaneous nephrolithotomy?


Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy is a minimally invasive procedure, which is performed to remove stone from the kidney by inserting a tube through the skin into the kidney. Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy is performed to remove stones from the kidney and upper part of the ureter. Only those stones that cannot be treated by Lithotripsy or Cystoscopy / Ureteroscopy due to it's shape, very large size, number or are treated and removed using Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy. If you have a kidney stone that fulfills all or one of the above criteria, then you are an ideal candidate for Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy. Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy is performed under general anesthesia and may take about 3 - 4 hours. An incision in the skin, about 1/2 inch in length is made in the flank area, overlying the kidney. A thin tube is passed through the incision under x-ray guidance to visualize the stone. A Lithotripter is used to break the stone and the stone fragments are then removed through the tube. The nephrostomy tube is left in the kidney to allow easy drainage of urine, blood and residual fragments of stone. A stent may be placed to ensure patency of the ureter and facilitate drainage from the kidney to the urinary bladder. A catheter will be placed to drain urine from your urinary bladder.

 

How much does Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy cost in Iran?

The Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy cost in Iran start from $850

Risk

The most common risks from percutaneous nephrolithotomy include the following:

Bleeding
Infection
Injury to the kidney
Injuries to other organs
Incomplete stone removal

Preparing for Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy surgery in Iran:

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is performed in the hospital, and you will be given general anesthesia, meaning you will be asleep during the procedure.

Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to reduce your chance of developing an infection after the procedure.

During Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy surgery in Iran
Before undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy, your surgeon may have you go to the radiology department first. You will undergo local anesthesia, meaning you will be awake. The radiologist will use CT, ultrasound, or X-ray imaging to guide access to the kidney. You will then be transferred to the operating room for the actual procedure.

The surgeon may prefer to access the kidney in the operating room while you are under general anesthesia. In this case, the surgeon will put a tube through your bladder and up into your kidney, and will use X-ray imaging to make a puncture in your kidney so that the stones can be removed. If you have very large stones, the surgeon may need to make more than one puncture.

Removing the stones


When the doctor has access to the kidney stones, he or she will place a sheath into the kidney and break up the stones using a specialized instrument. When the fragments are small enough, the doctor will remove them. When the procedure is complete, the surgeon may leave drainage tubes in the kidney to ensure that all the fragments are gone.

Your doctor may send the kidney stone fragments to be analyzed or to check for infection.

Recovery after the Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy surgery :

You may stay in the hospital for one or two days after the procedure. Your doctor will recommend that you avoid heavy lifting, pushing or pulling for two to four weeks. You may be able to return to work after a week.

If the doctor has left drainage tubes in the kidney, you will need to watch for any bleeding. If you notice significant bleeding in your urine or from the tube (thick blood, like ketchup, or blood clots), go to the emergency department.

If you develop a fever or chills, contact your doctor. These could be signs and symptoms of infection. Your doctor will probably take urine and blood tests and X-rays and then send you to the emergency department. If you have significant pain that is not relieved by your prescribed pain medicine, contact your doctor.

10 common Questions about this surgery

1What is the recovery time for percutaneous nephrolithotomy?
Most patients recover enough to be sent home one or two days after the procedure. It is important to avoid heavy lifting or strenuous exercise for two to four weeks after a percutaneous nephrolithotomy.
2Is percutaneous nephrolithotomy painful?
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is usually performed in the hospital under general anesthesia, meaning you will be asleep during the procedure and not feel any pain. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to reduce your chance of developing an infection after the procedure.
3Is kidney stone surgery a major surgery?
Most patients leave the hospital stone free. Occasionally, though, another procedure will be needed to remove a stone. Even though it involves an incision, it is less invasive than a full open surgery to treat the kidney stone.
4How long is recovery from kidney stone removal surgery?
A stent is placed in the ureter to help urine drain. You may need to stay in the hospital for a few days. It can take 4 to 6 weeks to fully heal after open surgery.
5Do you still pee with a nephrostomy tube?
The nephrostomy drains urine from one or both kidneys into a collecting bag outside your body. The bag has a tap so you can empty it. You may still pass some urine in a normal way even when you have a nephrostomy tube in one, or both, of your kidneys.
6Can kidney stone surgery kill you?
A risk with kidney stones is a kidney infection, which can lead to sepsis. ... Sepsis kills and disables millions and requires early suspicion and rapid treatment for survival. Sepsis and septic shock can result from an infection anywhere in the body, such as pneumonia, influenza, or urinary tract infections.
7How painful is a nephrostomy?
This causes pain, inflammation and infection. A nephrostomy tube is a narrow tube placed through the skin into the kidney to help drain urine and restore kidney function. A nephrostomy tube may also be used to allow healing of a kidney, ureter or bladder after procedure.
8What is considered a large kidney stone?
Kidney stones range in size from a fraction of an inch to several inches. Very small stones (like those that are less than ¼ inch or about 5 mm in size) usually can pass through the urinary tract and out of the body on their own with little or no pain. Larger stones can be quite painful, though.
9How do they remove a nephrostomy tube?
Removing the tube. Your nephrostomy tube is temporary and will eventually need to be removed. During removal, your doctor will inject an anesthetic at the site where the nephrostomy tube was inserted. They'll then gently remove the nephrostomy tube and apply a dressing to the site where it used to be.
10Can you pass a 7mm kidney stone?
Treating large kidney stones. If a kidney stone is too big to be passed naturally – 6-7mm (about 0.23 to 0.27in) in diameter or larger – you may need treatment to remove it another way. This could include: extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)

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