Infants usually show this condition. It occurs due to some abnormalities taking place in a mother's womb, when the baby is developing his testicles. Mostly, these defects get naturally cured within few months of birth. Adults may also sometimes develop this ailment when the body does not drain out excess fluid formed.
Simple hydroceles are painless and do not cause any discomfort. However, hydroceles developed from inguinal hernia need to be surgically treated as soon as possible. There are two surgical techniques prevalent for treating this physical condition. The type of technique you may undergo, depends on the size of hydrocele formed.
Hydrocele basically refers to a type of swelling that occurs specifically in the scrotum. It happens when there is too much fluid built up between the thin sheath that surrounds the testicles. This condition is actually very common in newborns and gets treated on its own. However, it can also appear in older boys as well as grown men due to an injury in the testicles or an inflammation. While this is not a painful condition, it can be very uncomfortable. Fortunately, there are effective treatments available for them.
More often than not, the course of treatment for young babies is supportive care. This basically means that though you must monitor the area and make a note of any drastic changes that may occur, you don’t have to do anything else. Usually, the condition goes away on its own and its common for it to be completely gone by the time your child reaches one years old. Since it does not cause the baby any pain, it is not a cause for alarm.
In grown men, however, the condition can indicate underlying problems or can even lead to further problems like infections in the area and testicular cancer. Therefore, it is vital to get a check-up as soon as something is amiss. Though it is not usually painful, the more the inflammation in the area increases, the more the chances of it becoming painful. Surgery is usually the recommended course of treatment.
Some babies are born with a hydrocele. Hydroceles are very common in babies. When babies develop in the womb (uterus), the testicles (testes) move from the abdomen to the scrotum. Sometimes the passage which allows this to happen does not close completely. This may then lead to a hydrocele developing.Hydroceles can sometimes be associated with a hernia. Premature babies have a higher risk to develop Hydrocele. In older children a hydrocele may have other causes such as injury, torsion of the testis or nephrotic syndrome.
If Hydrocele shows up in adult life, it is typically a result of groin related surgery or a physical injury. Sometimes, inflammation or infection (epididymitis) in the testicles can also be the cause. Older males have a higher propensity . Hydrocele may also surface along with testicle cancer in rare cases. There are two types of Hydroceles Ã¢â‚¬â€œ communicating hydroceles have the fluid flow in and out around the testicles while non communicating hydroceles occur when the body does not absorb the fluid away from the sac surrounding the testicles.
When the hydrocele does not go away on its own, your doctor may recommend a few treatment plans to help your baby. The first thing that will happen will be an examination of the scrotum to check for any tenderness in the area. Next, the doctor will apply pressure on the abdomen to see whether or not there is a hernia present. Finally, the doctor can also shine a light through the testicles. If clear fluid is shown, it means that you or your baby have hydrocele.
A surgery will be performed if the hydrocele does not clear up on its own. During the surgery, both general and local anaesthesia can be used, depending on the medical history of the patient and whether the doctor deems it fit to knock you out completely. Once the anaesthesia is administered, incisions are made on the scrotum to remove the hydrocele. Do not be alarmed as this is a fairly easy procedure. Often, doctors find hydroceles when treating hernias and remove them even if they weren’t bad enough to be detected. A tube is then added. This tube helps to drain the excess fluids in the scrotum, bringing the size back to normal. Furthermore, a bulky dressing is often added to the scrotum to keep the tube in place and to prevent any infections from occurring.
Any person with swelling in the scrotum is eligible for the treatment as long as they have been diagnosed with hydrocele.
Swelling in the scrotum can be caused by testicular issues or inflammation as well. Therefore, that does not qualify as hydrocele. People with swelling in the scrotum due to other medical conditions do not qualify for the treatment as their treatment will depend on the problem they have. Babies under one years old also do not qualify for the treatment as usually doctors prefer to wait until the child reaches 12 months to see if the condition clears up on its own, which it normally does.
Typically, there is no pain associated with Hydroceles. The only prominent symptom is a swelling around the scrotum. Adults may experience heaviness around the area and the swelling may wax and wane during the day. Other symptoms may include pain or redness.
There is no known medical cause for most hydroceles. However, you should seek urgent medical treatment if testicular torsion takes place (twisting of testes) Ã¢â‚¬â€œ this happens due to an accident or physical injury. The danger associated with this condition is that it can lead to blockage of blood supply to testes. It would typically happen suddenly with a sharp shooting pain.
As is the case with most medical treatments, especially surgeries, there are some side effects that you should be vary of. A certain amount of bruising and swelling in the scrotum and groin area is completely normal after a hydroelectomy. It normally goes away within 1 to 2 weeks on its own. As your incisions heal, you may experience a little bit of itching as well. There will be slight pain in your scrotum and groin area immediately after the surgery. All of these are normal for someone who has just been through surgery. Sometimes, the stress of surgery also leads to a slight rise in the body temperature. You can ask your doctor to monitor this in case it is a sign of an infection.
Once the surgery is over, there are certain guidelines to follow. The first is not to strain too much when you are having bowel movement. This is because it can put unnecessary pressure on your groin and cause more pain. Irregular bowel movements after surgery are normal so be sure to include fiber in your diet to combat this. You will have to avoid strenuous physical activity for at least 48 hours after the surgery. This is mainly because of the fact that you have had general anaesthesia. Thus, you should not be driving or operating any type of heavy machinery. Do not lift anything that is heavy for at least two weeks. You cannot ride a bike or bicycle. You also cannot have sex for at least 2 weeks, and this includes all sexual activities.
The recovery time from the surgery is usually around two weeks on an average, though it may take slightly more or less than that. This is because everyone responds differently to surgeries and medicines and some people tend to heal faster than others. The recovery from the condition is almost instantaneous. The minute the fluids are all drained out, the swelling in your scrotum should subside and it should go back to looking and feeling normal in no time. Of course, that may not be apparent as the surgery itself will leave its own fair share of swelling and pain.
The price of getting the treatment in Iran varies from hospital to hospital. On an average, it can start from $370. It depends largely on the hospital where you are getting the procedure done at, the doctor you are seeing, and even the city that you live in. Metropolitan cities are more expensive than smaller towns, which is why there is a fair bit of difference in the price range that you can expect.