Hemorrhoid Surgery Types
There are several different types of hemorrhoid surgery, as described below:
Rubber band ligation
This is a procedure for treating bleeding or prolapsing internal hemorrhoids. It involves placing a rubber band around the base of a hemorrhoid. This will restrict its blood supply, eventually causing the hemorrhoid to fall off.
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Coagulation can treat bleeding internal hemorrhoids that are not protruding. A doctor will use an electric current or infrared light to create scar tissue on the hemorrhoid. This tissue will restrict the blood supply to the hemorrhoid, again, causing it to fall off.
This procedure involves a doctor injecting a chemical solution into an internal hemorrhoid. The solution helps to relieve pain by making nerve endings numb around the area. It also causes scar tissue to form, and the hemorrhoid to fall off.
This procedure aims to remove the hemorrhoid. A surgeon performs the procedure in a hospital where the patient receives either a spinal block or a local anesthetic.
The surgeon will open the anus and gently cut out the hemorrhoids. They can make the cut using a variety of surgical instruments, such as surgical scissors or a laser. There is no difference in discomfort between these devices.
After removing the hemorrhoids, the surgeon will seal the wounds, leave the wounds open, or use a combination of both methods.
The reason for leaving a wound open is typically either that the wound is difficult to close due to its location or that other health conditions are present.
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This procedure helps treat internal hemorrhoids that have grown large, or prolapsed. It cannot treat external hemorrhoids.
A surgeon will perform this process by using anesthetic. During it, the surgeon will use a special device to staple the hemorrhoids into a normal position within the anal canal. This restricts the blood supply to the hemorrhoids and causes them to reduce in size slowly.
Some studies have found that hemorrhoid stapling can be less painful than traditional hemorrhoidectomy and may have a shorter recovery time. However, there is a greater chance of the condition occurring again.