Cervical Fracture Surgery

Cervical Fracture surgery in iran

Causes of cervical fracture (Neck Fractures)

Cervical Fracture Risks

Signs and symptoms of a cervical fracture

Common types of cervical fractures

What is a Cervical fracture (Neck Fracture)?

A cervical fracture in Iran also called Neck Fracture is a break in 1 or more of the 7 cervical vertebrae (bones) in your neck. The 7 cervical vertebrae are called C1 through C7. Cervical vertebrae support your head and allow your neck to bend and twist. The vertebrae enclose and protect the spinal cord, which controls your ability to move, support the neck and allow for movement.

The seven bones in the neck are the cervical vertebrae. They support the head and connect it to the shoulders and body. A fracture, or break, in one of the cervical vertebrae is commonly called a broken neck.

 

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Causes of cervical fracture (Neck Fractures)

A neck fracture is caused by severe trauma to the neck, which is strong enough to break the vertebra. Trauma may be caused by:

Falls

Car, motorcycle or pedestrian collisions

Diving into shallow water

Severe and sudden twist to the neck

Severe blows to the head or neck area

Injuries from contact sports

Skateboarding injuries

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Cervical Fracture Risks

Factors that increase your risk of neck fracture include:

Falls from heights, such as a ladder, bike or horse

Advancing age

Osteoporosis

Certain diseases or conditions that result in bone or mineral loss, such as abnormal or absent menstrual cycles, or post-menopause.

Certain diseases and conditions that weaken bones, such as tumors or cysts

Decreased muscle mass

Playing certain sports that may result in neck fracture, such as football, rugby or ice hockey.

Not wearing your seatbelt or protective sports equipment

Head or other traumatic injury, such as severe chest trauma, pelvic or femur fractures.

Violence

Signs and symptoms of a cervical fracture

A neck fracture is very serious and can lead to paralysis or possibly death. A person with a neck injury should not be moved without competent medical care, which is needed immediately.

Pain, tenderness, swelling, or muscle spasms in your neck

Problems moving your neck

Trouble swallowing

Loss of feeling or pinprick pain in your arms or legs

Numbness, pain, or tingling at the base of your head

Double vision or loss of consciousness

Muscle weakness or paralysis of the arms or legs

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Common types of cervical fractures

. Odontoid fracture: The odontoid is a part of your C2 vertebrae, also called the axis. When the odontoid breaks, you cannot turn and twist your neck freely. Odontoid fractures are common in children.

. Hangman's fracture: A hangman's fracture is another type of break in the axis.

. Jefferson fracture: A Jefferson fracture is 3 or 4 breaks in your C1 vertebrae, also called the atlas. Bones in the axis may also be broken.

. Teardrop fracture: Teardrop fractures are large, triangle-shaped breaks in 1 or more of the lower cervical vertebrae. They can also affect nearby ligaments and discs.

How is a cervical fracture diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will ask how your injury occurred. He will ask about your signs and symptoms and feel for painful areas on your neck. Your healthcare provider will check for problems with your muscles, reflexes, and sense of touch. You may need the following tests:

C-spine x-ray: This is a picture of your cervical spine. Healthcare providers will look for broken bones or other neck problems.

A CT, or CAT scan, takes pictures of your skull and brain. You may be given contrast liquid before the scan. Tell a healthcare provider if you have ever had an allergic reaction to contrast liquid.

MRI: This scan uses powerful magnets and a computer to take pictures of your neck. The pictures will show if you have pressure on or damage to your spinal cord. You may be given dye, also called contrast, before the test. Tell healthcare providers if you are allergic to dye, iodine, or seafood. Remove all jewelry, and tell healthcare providers if you have any metal in or on your body. Metal can cause serious injury. Tell healthcare providers if you cannot lie still or are anxious or afraid of closed spaces.

How is a cervical fracture treated?

. Pain medicine: Healthcare providers may give you medicine to take away or decrease your pain.

   . Do not wait until the pain is severe to ask for your medicine. Tell healthcare providers if your pain does not decrease. The medicine may not work as well at controlling your pain if you wait too long to take it.

   . Pain medicine can make you dizzy or sleepy. Prevent falls by calling for help when you want to get out of bed.

. Traction: Traction uses weights to pull your bones back into place and to straighten the cervical spine.

. Immobilization: This is a method used to keep your head and neck from moving as your cervical fracture heals. Immobilization will limit your movement for months as your injury heals. You may need the following:

. Halo brace: A halo brace and vest prevent most head and neck movements. The halo brace is attached to your head with pins placed in your skull. It cannot be removed during treatment. Ask your healthcare provider for more information about halo brace placement and care.

. Semirigid collar: Semirigid collars use plastic plates to stop side-to-side or up-and-down motion in your neck.

. Soft collar: A soft collar is a flexible brace placed around the neck. It is often used after a more rigid collar has been worn.

. Surgery: You may need surgery to repair your cervical fracture. You may also have surgery after immobilization if your fracture has not healed. During surgery, healthcare providers repair your fracture through an incision in the front or back of your neck. Ask your healthcare provider for more information about surgeries to treat a cervical fracture.

. Therapy: A physical therapist and an occupational therapist may exercise your arms, legs, and hands. They may also teach you new ways to do things around the house. A speech therapist may work with you to help you talk or swallow.

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Hospitalization

People with neck fractures usually need to stay in the hospital. Serious injuries may need to be watched in an intensive care unit. Some people with neck fractures need to have help breathing. A tube is inserted and mechanical ventilation is used to protect and assist breathing.

Medications

You may need the following:

Pain medication

Antibiotics if an infection is present or possible

Rest and Recovery

Healing time varies by age and your overall health. Children and people in better overall health heal faster. In general, it may take several weeks to several months for a neck fracture to heal.

As you recover, you may be referred to physical therapy to keep your muscles strong. Do not return to activities or sports until your doctor gives you permission to do so.

It is possible that you may have permanent damage or paralysis even if your neck heals. If this is the case, you will need long-term rehabilitation.

Long-term Rehabilitation

A neck fracture can sometimes result in spinal cord and nerve injury and paralysis. This may require major life changes, involving work, family, and social life. Extensive rehabilitation may be required, including occupational therapy, psychotherapy or support groups.

If you have a neck fracture, follow your doctor's instructions.

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Preventing Neck Fractures

To help reduce your chance of getting a neck fracture, take these steps:

Avoid situations that put you at risk of physical harm.

Always wear a seatbelt when driving in a car.

Do not drive under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

Wear proper padding and safety equipment when participating in sports or activities.

Use proper tackling techniques in football. Do not spear with your helmet.

Never dive in the shallow end of a pool.

Never dive into water where you do not know the depth or what obstacles may be present.

Do weight-bearing exercises to build strong muscles and bones.

To help reduce falling hazards at work and home, take these steps:

Clean spills and slippery areas right away.

Remove tripping hazards such as loose cords, rugs and clutter.

Use non-slip mats in the bathtub and shower.

Install grab bars next to the toilet and in the shower or tub.

Put in handrails on both sides of stairways.

Walk only in well-lit rooms, stairs and halls.

Keep flashlights on hand in case of a power outage.

How long does it take for a neck fracture to heal?

A simple break that doesn’t affect your spinal cord can be treated with a neck brace worn for six to eight weeks until the bone heals.

More complicated breaks can require surgery and other treatments such as a stiff neck brace for up to three months.

With breaks that also damage the spinal cord, recovery may not be possible. The bone may heal, but the nerves in the spinal cord can be permanently damaged and cause lasting effects such as paralysis. There’s currently no treatment to fix the spinal cord. In general, it may take several weeks to several months for a neck fracture to heal.

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How long does it take to heal a c2 fracture?

Treatment for type I C2 (axis) fractures is hard-collar immobilization for 6-8 weeks, which usually is quite successful.

Type II fractures can be managed conservatively or surgically. In general, it may take several weeks to several months for a neck fracture to heal. As you recover, you may be referred to physical therapy to keep your muscles strong.

Can you drive with a broken neck?

Do not drive until the doctor says it is safe to do so. Even a minor car accident could cause further injury to the neck, and turning the head to drive may interfere with healing.

How do you sleep with a broken neck?

Here are a few tips for sleeping with a cervical collar:

  • Make sure your mattress offers good support. A mattress that’s too soft may not give your neck the support you need.
  • Try to keep your neck in a neutral position, not bent forward, backward, or to the side.
  • Don’t sleep in a twisted position. Try to keep your neck aligned with your body.
  • Try sleeping on your back with a thin pillow. Using extra pillows can put extra pressure on your neck.
  • To get out of bed, first roll gently onto your side. Then, swing your legs over the side of the bed and push up with your arms.

How long do you have to wear a neck brace after cervical fusion?

After surgery, you can expect your neck to feel stiff and sore. This should improve in the weeks after surgery. You may have trouble sitting or standing in one position for very long and may need pain medicine in the weeks after your surgery.

You may need to wear a neck brace for a while. It may take 4 to 6 weeks to get back to your usual activities, but it may depend on what kind of surgery you had.

Your doctor may advise you to work with a physiotherapist to strengthen the muscles around your neck and back.

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10 common question about Cervical Fracture Surgery in Iran

1Can you fully recover from a broken neck?
In general, it may take several weeks to several months for a neck fracture to heal. As you recover, you may be referred to physical therapy to keep your muscles strong. ... It is possible that you may have permanent damage or paralysis even if your neck heals.
2How long does it take for a c7 fracture to heal?
Spinal cord injuries to the C6, C7, and C8 levels that are treated immediately have the best chance for recovery. Patients will typically know the extent of the long-term damage within six months of the injury. Learning to deal with the limitations of the injury is a very important part of the recovery phase.
3What are the signs and symptoms of a cervical spine fracture?
Emergency signs and symptoms Extreme back pain or pressure in your neck, head or back. Weakness, incoordination or paralysis in any part of your body. Numbness, tingling or loss of sensation in your hands, fingers, feet or toes. Loss of bladder or bowel control.
4Why do you die instantly when your neck is snapped?
A properly executed hanging breaks the neck just below the brainstem. This in turn causes rapid swelling of the spinal cord and disrupts blood flow and nerve signals in the brainstem, leading to death. ... Too short or too slow a drop and the victim dies by strangulation/suffocation, which can take 20 minutes or longer.
5Can you be paralyzed from the neck up?
Generalized paralysis is broken down based on how much of the body is paralyzed: Monoplegia affects one limb only, such as one arm or one leg. ... Quadriplegia affects both arms and both legs and sometimes the entire area from the neck down.
6How long does a neck fracture take to heal?
A minor compression fracture can be treated with a cervical brace worn for 6 to 8 weeks until the bone heals. A more complex or extensive fracture may require traction, surgery, 2 to 3 months in a rigid cast, or a combination of these treatments.
7What does c6/c7 affect?
This disc protects the vertebrae by providing shock-absorption during neck motion. C7 spinal nerve. The C7 spinal nerve exits through the intervertebral foramen between the C6 and C7 vertebrae. This nerve has a sensory root and a motor root.
8Can you get paralyzed from cervical myelopathy?
Cervical Myelopathy tends to cause weakness from the level of the compression down, and the thing about Myelopathy is, people can be fully pain-free and go paralyzed. There are no nerve endings in the spinal chord." ... Most Myelopathy patients require surgeries between the C-3 and the C-7 discs in the spine.
9What is severe cervical fracture?
A cervical fracture, commonly called a broken neck, is a catastrophic fracture of any of the seven cervical vertebrae in the neck. ... Abnormal movement of neck bones or pieces of bone can cause a spinal cord injury resulting in loss of sensation, paralysis, or usually instant death.
10What happens if you fracture c1?
The most frequent cause of a C1 fracture is diving, followed by vehicular accidents, and then falls that impact the head. ... In addition to the initial vertebrae injury, the interference at C1 and C2 can cause the vertebral arteries to inflict neurological damage; leaving the brain without a vital source of blood.

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