Testicular Biopsy in Iran

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Testicular Biopsy in Iran

testicular biopassy in iran

Testicular Biopsy in Iran As Infertility Treatment

Male infertility problems are seen in a vast percentage of couples all over the world. Treatment for male infertility is totally related to the cause or the reason of infertility as there is a wide range of different infertility evaluation process and treatments leading to the diagnosis of causes of male infertility.


Sometimes, the cause is the decreasing ability to produce sperms, therefore, a fertility treatment to increase the productivity of sperms is given to the male partner. Other times, it could be due to hormonal reasons and steps are taken by doctors to alter the hormones in such a way that it naturally increases sperm production. Sometimes, in cases like that of Varicocele, a surgery is required. Varicocele is a dilated vein in the testicular area, which can lead to a decrease in natural sperm production.

A surgical procedure is conducted to improve sperm count and production in case of varicocele. Twelve months of unprotected intercourse is a general guideline before a couple starts to seek fertility treatment and evaluation. For some couples, couples in their thirties, a time frame of six months is generally recommended to get an infertility evaluation done in order to speed up their conception process. Many times, when couples have difficulty in achieving pregnancy, it is because of the male partner.
Contrary to the societal belief that women are usually the problem, studies have found that men can contribute to fertility issues in 40-50 percent of couples. The sperm count is usually the first sign when you may notice that something is wrong. When any kind of abnormalities in a semen sample is observed, it should be evaluated by a fertility specialist. When the percentage of motile sperms is low, or there is the presence of abnormally shaped sperms, it can contribute to abnormal male fertility. Sometimes the treatment options could be medical wherein men may have hormonal imbalance it is when he is given oral medications that usually can correct any type of hormonal dysfunction.
Sometimes, a man can be infertile because of abnormal hormonal secretions relating to a brain tumor, so at times, they may need brain surgery. Other times a surgical treatment is required when the problem is of obstruction, where sperm cannot come out properly. In such cases, surgical procedures are conducted to help sperms come out properly. Sometimes sperm retrieval is done through testicular biopsy where a tissue sample from the testicle is retrieved for laboratory analysis.

testicular biopassy in iran

Testicular Biopsy Procedure in Iran

Testicular Biopsy is done when a piece or sample of tissues is extracted from the testicles to analyze it in the fertility laboratories. Testicular biopsy or aspiration is usually performed in the cases when a male partner has obstructive azoospermia. In azoospermia and obstruction, sperms are taken either through aspiration or through a testicular biopsy. The sperms are then sent in the IVF labs for performing Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) methods such as In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) or Intrauterine Insemination (IUI). Usually, the testicular biopsy is performed for males who have obstructive azoospermia. Usually, the patient is discharged on the same day of the procedure. The patient is generally put on an oral course of antibiotics and is advised to avoid doing heavy activities for at least one week.

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Types of Testicular Biopsy procedure in Iran

A testicular biopsy is generally performed in order to investigate the cause of male infertility after conducting hormonal assays and semen analysis. The procedure is also performed to evaluate men with risks of testicular cancer. It is to be noted that testicular biopsy is rarely conducted to test testicular cancer as it can lead to the spread of cancer. There are two types of testicular biopsy:

Percutaneous Biopsy:  Percutaneous biopsy is a procedure conducted through the skin and it is also called as fine needle biopsy. A small piece of tissue is taken out of the skin using a small incision. The tissue is then examined at the labs under a microscope. Some blood tests are performed prior to percutaneous biopsy in order to ascertain the risk of bleeding.
Open Biopsy: An open biopsy is performed under sedation and local or general anesthetics to numb the area. In order to expose and remove tissues, a small surgical incision is made through the skin. The biopsy tissue is then examined under a microscope in laboratories. An open biopsy is done at a doctor’s clinic or in a fertility hospital in India. The procedure is performed to ascertain the presence of cancer or any other abnormal cells in the body.

Testicular Biopsy in iran

Risks Associated with Testicular Biopsy
The advancement of modern technologies has lessened the risk of testicular biopsy. But the patients should know the side effects or risks associated with testicular biopsy prior to the procedure. The procedure usually has temporary and in some cases, severe side-effects but if you notice excessive bleeding or infection post procedure, contact elawoman.com. The other side effects of testicular biopsy are:

Intolerable pain or swelling in the biopsy area
Blood soaking through the dressing or bandage
Infection at the site of the incision
Discolored scrotum
You can talk to the fertility experts at elawoman.com to discuss possible risk factors associated with a testicular biopsy.

10 common Questions about Testicular Biopsy

1How is a testicular biopsy performed?
A testicular biopsy takes a tissue sample from your testicle for laboratory analysis. The two testicles are the male reproductive organs. They produce sperm and the male sex hormone testosterone. Your testicles are located in your scrotum, which is the fleshy pouch of tissue that hangs under your penis.
2How long does it take to get results from a testicular biopsy?
2 to 4 days Results. Results from a testicular biopsy are usually ready in 2 to 4 days. A pathologist looks at the sample through a microscope. He or she will then look for anything abnormal with the sperm.
3Is Testicular biopsy painful?
Testicular puncture is not painful. It is performed under regional anaesthesia and does not cause discomfort while awaiting its effects. When testicular biopsy is performed under sedation, patients do not feel any pain.
4How is a biopsy done for testicular cancer?
Diagnostic surgery Unlike other cancers for which a biopsy (the removal of a sample of cells for examination) is performed, when testicular cancer is suspected the entire testicle is removed in a procedure called an orchiectomy through an incision in the groin and pulling the testicle up from the scrotum.
5Is testicular surgery painful?
You'll be asleep and won't feel pain during the surgery. The surgeon will make a small cut in your scrotum and untwist your spermatic cord.
6What is Tese procedure?
TESE is a surgical sperm retrieval procedure used in fertility treatment for men who have no sperm in their ejaculate.
7How does testicular cancer look on an ultrasound?
During an ultrasound you lie on your back with your legs spread. ... An ultrasound test can help your doctor determine the nature of any testicular lumps, such as whether the lumps are solid or fluid-filled. An ultrasound also tells your doctor whether lumps are inside or outside of the testicle. Blood tests.
8How long does orchiectomy surgery take?
about 30 minutes The first two types are usually done under local or epidural anesthesia, and take about 30 minutes to perform. An inguinal orchiectomy is sometimes done under general anesthesia, and takes from 30 minutes to an hour to complete.
9Can doctors extract sperm after a vasectomy?
If your physician recommends IVF, then the male partner's sperm can be extracted from his testicle, a procedure called sperm aspiration, and injected into your eggs in the embryology lab. ... After a vasectomy, sperm aspiration and ICSI avoid any issues with the vas being blocked.
10What is testicular azoospermia?
Azoospermia is a condition in which there is no sperm in the ejaculate. ... In post-testicular azoospermia, also called obstructive azoospermia, sperm is produced by normal testicles but is not ejaculated due to an obstruction of the genital tract.

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