Laparoscopic surgery

Laparoscopic surgery

Why is laparoscopic surgery done?

What is Laparoscopic Surgery?

Laparoscopic surgery is a way to perform operations using only very small incisions (cuts) into the skin. This type of surgery uses a thin rod-shaped instrument with a tiny camera on the tip, called a laparoscope. The laparoscope is put into the body and moved from the outside by the surgeon. The camera sends pictures to a TV monitor or other viewing device. During the operation, the surgeon can see the organs inside the body on the viewing device.

Because this modern surgical technique does not require opening up the body as much as traditional open surgery does, medical people call laparoscopy minimally invasive surgery.

Laparoscopy is used for many different types of surgery on the abdomen and pelvis. Depending on the type and reasons for the surgery, the laparoscopy may take several hours. Your doctor also can obtain biopsy samples during this procedure.

Read more about : Rest and exercise after Laparotomy

About Iranian Surgery

Iranian surgery is an online medical tourism platform where you can find the best Surgeons in Iran. The price of a Laparoscopic surgery (Laparoscopy) in Iran can vary according to each individual’s case and will be determined based on photos and an in-person assessment with the doctor. So if you are looking for the cost of Laparoscopic surgery (Laparoscopy) in Iran, you can contact us and get free consultation from Iranian surgery.

Before Laparoscopic surgery (Laparoscopy)

Why is Laparoscopic surgery (laparoscopy) performed?

Laparoscopy is often used to identify and diagnose the source of pelvic or abdominal pain. It’s usually performed when noninvasive methods are unable to help with diagnosis.

In many cases, abdominal problems can also be diagnosed with imaging techniques such as:

. Ultrasound, which uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of the body

. CT scan, which is a series of special X-rays that take cross-sectional images of the body

. MRI scan, which uses magnets and radio waves to produce images of the body

Laparoscopy is performed when these tests don’t provide enough information or insight for a diagnosis. The procedure may also be used to take a biopsy, or sample of tissue, from a particular organ in the abdomen.

Your doctor may recommend laparoscopy to examine the following organs:

. Appendix

. Gallbladder

. Liver

. Pancreas

. Small intestine and large intestine (colon)

. Spleen

. Stomach

. Pelvic or reproductive organs

By observing these areas with a laparoscope, your doctor can detect:

. An abdominal mass or tumor

. Fluid in the abdominal cavity

. Liver disease

. The effectiveness of certain treatments

. The degree to which a particular cancer has progressed

As well, your doctor may be able to perform an intervention to treat your condition immediately after diagnosis.

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Advantages of Laparoscopic surgery (laparoscopy)

The advantages of laparoscopic surgery versus open surgeries, include:

. Smaller incisions, resulting in less scarring.

. Shorter hospital stays, often with a same day discharge.

. Shorter overall recovery time.

. Less pain, reducing the need for opioid or other pain medications.

. Reduced risk of infections.

. Lower risk of hemorrhaging.

. Lower rate of incisional hernias.

Patients often comment that the minimally-invasive procedure was much easier than they imagined it would be, and that recovery time was shorter than they expected.

How do I prepare for Laparoscopic surgery (laparoscopy)?

You should tell your doctor about any prescription or over-the-counter medications you’re taking. Your doctor will tell you how they should be used before and after the procedure.

Your doctor may change the dose of any medications that could affect the outcome of laparoscopy. These drugs include:

. Anticoagulants, such as blood thinners

. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including aspirin (Bufferin) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB).

. Other medications that affect blood clotting

. Herbal or dietary supplements

. Vitamin K

You should also tell your doctor if you’re pregnant or think you might be pregnant. This will reduce the risk of harm to your developing baby.

Before laparoscopy, your doctor may order blood tests, urinalysis, electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG), and chest X-ray. Your doctor might also perform certain imaging tests, including an ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI scan.

These tests can help your doctor better understand the abnormality being examined during laparoscopy. The results also give your doctor a visual guide to the inside of your abdomen. This can improve the effectiveness of laparoscopy.

You’ll probably need to avoid eating and drinking for at least eight hours before laparoscopy. You should also arrange for a family member or friend to drive you home after the procedure. Laparoscopy is often performed using general anesthesia, which can make you drowsy and unable to drive for several hours after surgery.

Risks and Complications

What are the risks of Laparoscopic surgery (laparoscopy)?

The most common risks associated with laparoscopy are bleeding, infection, and damage to organs in your abdomen. However, these are rare occurrences.

After your procedure, it’s important to watch for any signs of infection. Contact your doctor if you experience:

. Fevers or chills

. Abdominal pain that becomes more intense over time

. Redness, swelling, bleeding, or drainage at the incision sites

. Continuous nausea or vomiting

. Persistent cough

. Shortness of breath

. Inability to urinate

. Lightheadedness

There is a small risk of damage to the organs being examined during laparoscopy. Blood and other fluids may leak out into your body if an organ is punctured. In this case, you’ll need other surgery to repair the damage.

Less common risks include:

. Complications from general anesthesia

. Inflammation of the abdominal wall

. A blood clot, which could travel to your pelvis, legs, or lungs

In some circumstances, your surgeon may believe the risk of diagnostic laparoscopy is too high to warrant the benefits of using a minimally invasive technique. This situation often occurs for those who’ve had prior abdominal surgeries, which increases the risk of forming adhesions between structures in the abdomen. Performing laparoscopy in the presence of adhesions will take much longer and increases the risk of injuring organs.

During Laparoscopic surgery (Laparoscopy)

How is Laparoscopic surgery (laparoscopy) performed?

Laparoscopy is usually done as an outpatient procedure. This means that you’ll be able to go home the same day as your surgery. It may be performed in a hospital or an outpatient surgical center.

You’ll likely be given general anesthesia for this type of surgery. This means that you’ll sleep through the procedure and won’t feel any pain. To achieve general anesthesia, an intravenous (IV) line is inserted in one of your veins. Through the IV, your anesthesiologist can give you special medications and well as provide hydration with fluids.

In some cases, local anesthesia is used instead. A local anesthetic numbs the area, so even though you’ll be awake during the surgery, you won’t feel any pain.

During laparoscopy, the surgeon makes an incision below your belly button, and then inserts a small tube called a cannula. The cannula is used to inflate your abdomen with carbon dioxide gas. This gas allows your doctor to see your abdominal organs more clearly.

Once your abdomen is inflated, the surgeon inserts the laparoscope through the incision. The camera attached to the laparoscope displays the images on a screen, allowing your organs to be viewed in real time.

The number and size of incisions depends upon what specific diseases your surgeon is attempting to confirm or rule out. Generally, you get from one to four incisions that are each between 1 and 2 centimeters in length. These incisions allow other instruments to be inserted. For example, your surgeon may need to use another surgical tool to perform a biopsy. During a biopsy, they take a small sample of tissue from an organ to be evaluated.

After the procedure is done, the instruments are removed. Your incisions are then closed with stitches or surgical tape. Bandages may be placed over the incisions.

After Laparoscopic surgery (Laparoscopy)

Recovery

How long does it take to recover from Laparoscopic surgery (laparoscopy)?

When the surgery is over, you’ll be observed for several hours before you’re released from the hospital. Your vital signs, such your breathing and heart rate, will be monitored closely. Hospital staff will also check for any adverse reactions to the anesthesia or the procedure, as well as monitor for prolonged bleeding.

The timing of your release will vary. It depends on:

. Your overall physical condition

. The type of anesthesia used

. Your body’s reaction to the surgery

In some cases, you may have to remain in the hospital overnight.

A family member or friend will need to drive you home if you received general anesthesia. The effects of general anesthesia usually take several hours to wear off, so it can be unsafe to drive after the procedure.

In the days following laparoscopy, you may feel moderate pain and throbbing in the areas where incisions were made. Any pain or discomfort should improve within a few days. Your doctor may prescribe medication to relieve the pain.

It’s also common to have shoulder pain after your procedure. The pain is usually a result of the carbon dioxide gas used to inflate your abdomen to create a working space for the surgical instruments. The gas can irritate your diaphragm, which shares nerves with your shoulder. It may also cause some bloating. The discomfort should go away within a couple of days.

You can usually resume all normal activities within a week. You’ll need to attend a follow-up appointment with your doctor about two weeks after laparoscopy.

Here are some things you can do to ensure a smoother recovery:

. Begin light activity as soon as you’re able, in order to reduce your risk of blood clots.

. Get more sleep than you normally do.

. Use throat lozenges to ease the pain of a sore throat.

. Wear loose-fitting clothes.

Results of Laparoscopic surgery (laparoscopy)

If a biopsy was taken, a pathologist will examine it. A pathologist is a doctor who specializes in tissue analysis. A report detailing the results will be sent to your doctor.

Normal results from laparoscopy indicate the absence of abdominal bleeding, hernias, and intestinal blockages. They also mean that all your organs are healthy.

Abnormal results from laparoscopy indicate certain conditions, including:

. Adhesions or surgical scars

. Hernias

. Appendicitis, an inflammation of the intestines

. Fibroids, or abnormal growths in the uterus

. Cysts or tumors

. Cancer

. Cholecystitis, an inflammation of the gall bladder

. Endometriosis, a disorder in which the tissue that forms the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus.

. Injury or trauma to a particular organ

. Pelvic inflammatory disease, an infection of the reproductive organs

Your doctor will schedule an appointment with you to go over the results. If a serious medical condition was found, your doctor will discuss appropriate treatment options with you and work with you to come up with a plan for addressing that condition.

 

10 common questions about Laparoscopic surgery

1Why is laparoscopic surgery done?
Laparoscopy, also known as diagnostic laparoscopy, is a surgical diagnostic procedure used to examine the organs inside the abdomen. It's a low-risk, minimally invasive procedure that requires only small incisions. ... Laparoscopy allows your doctor to see inside your body in real time, without open surgery
2Is laparoscopy a major surgery?
Laparoscopy is a way of doing surgery using small incisions (cuts). It is different from “open” surgery where the incision on the skin can be several inches long. Laparoscopic surgery sometimes is called "minimally invasive surgery.
3How much does laparoscopic surgery cost?
Typical costs: Laparoscopy typically costs between $1,700 and $5,000, depending on the doctor and whether is it just diagnostic or used to treat a condition. Laparoscopy can treat endometriosis, ovarian cysts, scar tissue or blocked or damaged fallopian tubes.
4How dangerous is laparoscopic surgery?
Although patients tend to think of laparoscopic surgery as minor surgery, it is major surgery with the potential for major complications – visceral injury and bleeding, injury to the bowel, or injury to the bladder.
5Which is better open surgery or laparoscopy?
CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic surgery has demonstrably better quality-of-life outcomes than open surgery for cholecystectomy, splenectomy, and esophageal surgery. However, open hernioplasty has at least as good, if not better, health status outcomes than laparoscopic repair.
6How many days should I take rest after laparoscopy?
You may take a shower or bath 2 days after your surgery. You may return to school or work when you feel ready (usually about 2 days after your surgery). You may swim in the ocean or in a swimming pool 2 days after your laparoscopy
7How long do you bleed after laparoscopy?
Vaginal bleeding up to 1 month after surgery is normal. Many women do not have their next normal menstrual cycle for 4 to 6 weeks after surgery. When your normal cycle returns, you might notice heavier bleeding and more discomfort than usual
8How long will I be off work after a laparoscopy?
Most women feel able to return to work one to three weeks after a laparoscopy. If you have had a diagnostic laparoscopy or a simple procedure such as a sterilisation, you can expect to feel able to go back to work within one week.
9Can I drive after laparoscopy?
do not drive a car or any other vehicle, or ride a bicycle, for 48 hours after your anaesthetic. After this time you need to consider whether your wound or any pain may prevent you from driving. An indication of whether you are able to drive safely is if you are able to perform an emergency stop comfortably.
10How long do you have to stay in hospital after a laparoscopy?
The length of your hospital stay will depend on the type of procedure you have and how quickly you recover. For example, the average hospital stay for a laparoscopic rectopexy ranges from one to two days, and up to three days for a laparoscopic bowel resection

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