Craniosynostosis (say "kray-nee-oh-sih-noh-STOH-sus") is a problem with the skull that causes a baby's head to be oddly shaped. In rare cases it causes pressure on the baby's brain, which can cause damage. It is also called craniostenosis.
A baby's skull is not just one bowl-shaped piece of bone. It is made up of five thin, bony plates that are held together by fibrous material called sutures. The sutures let the skull expand as the brain grows. Over time, the sutures harden and close the skull bones together.
When a baby has craniosynostosis, one or more of these sutures close too soon. How the problem affects your baby depends in part on how many of the sutures close too soon:
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If you decide to have Craniosynostosis surgery in Iran, reading this article can improve your knowledge about Craniosynostosis treatment in Iran to a great extent and help you to choose the best city and hospital to perform Craniosynostosis treatment in Iran.
In this article we provide you with a comprehensive description of Craniosynostosis treatment in Iran, the cost of Craniosynostosis treatment in Iran and the best surgeons.
General information about Craniosynostosis treatment in Iran
The following table describes general information about Craniosynostosis treatment in Iran including Craniosynostosis treatment recovery time, and to name but a few
Duration of Operation
Minimum Stay in Iran
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The most common sign is an oddly shaped head at birth or by the time the child is a few months old. For example, the skull may become long and narrow. Or it may be very flat and broad in front or back or on the sides. The baby may have a misshapen nose or jaw.
An oddly shaped head may be the only sign of craniosynostosis.
In rare cases, the disease causes pressure to build up on the baby's brain. This can cause brain damage and can make the baby develop more slowly than other children
Experts aren't sure what causes this problem. In some cases, it runs in families. If you've had a baby with craniosynostosis and are planning another pregnancy, you may want to talk to your doctor about genetic counseling.
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You or your doctor may notice that your baby has an odd-shaped head at birth, shortly after birth, or later at a well-child checkup.
Just because your baby has an oddly shaped head doesn't mean that he or she has craniosynostosis. Head shape may be affected by how your baby was positioned in your uterus, the birth process, or your baby's sleep position. Talk to your doctor if you are concerned about the shape of your baby's head.
Your doctor will:
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Surgery is the usual treatment to correct craniosynostosis. It's usually done in the first year of life. The earlier your child has surgery, the better the results.
The surgeon removes strips of bone in the skull to create artificial sutures. This surgery prevents or relieves pressure on the brain and allows the skull to expand normally. It also corrects the shape of your baby's head. Your child may wear a special helmet or other device after surgery.
If there is pressure on the brain, your child needs surgery right away. If your baby doesn't seem to have pressure on the brain, your doctor may advise you to wait and see if the head shape returns to normal without surgery. But your child may still need surgery later.
If your child needs surgery, talk with your doctor about what to expect. It may help to see some before-and-after pictures of other children who have had the same type of surgery so that you are prepared for how your child will look right after the surgery. There may be a lot of swelling and bruising at first.
Being involved in your baby's care while he or she is in the hospital may help you feel more comfortable when you take your baby home. You'll need to know how to care for your baby's incision and what problems to watch for. Problems after surgery aren't common.
It's normal to feel a wide range of emotions when your child has a problem like craniosynostosis.
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Craniosynostosis will not correct itself over time, and often does indeed require surgery. Mild cases of craniosynostosis may not need treatment. Your doctor may recommend a specially molded helmet to help reshape your baby's head if the cranial sutures are open and the head shape is abnormal. In this situation, the molded helmet can assist your baby's brain growth and correct the shape of the skull.
However, for most babies, surgery is the primary treatment. The purpose of surgery is to correct the abnormal head shape, reduce or prevent pressure on the brain, create room for the brain to grow normally, and improve your baby's appearance. This involves a process of planning and surgery.
Craniosynostosis can create pressure inside the skull (intracranial pressure). That pressure can lead to development problems, or to permanent brain damage. If not treated, most forms of craniosynostosis can have very serious results, including death.
Mild cases of craniosynostosis may not need treatment. Your doctor may recommend a specially molded helmet to help reshape your baby's head if the cranial sutures are open and the head shape is abnormal. Because of the progressive nature of the cranial deformity, most children with craniosynostosis are recommended for surgery. Without treatment, further complications can arise.
The skull will continue to grow in an unusual way, and this may affect other functions. There may be vision loss on the one side, for example.
If craniosynostosis is mild, people may not notice it until a later stage. This can cause pressure to build up on the brain known as increased intracranial pressure as late as the age of 8 years.
The symptoms of increased intracranial pressure include:
These symptoms do not necessarily mean that there is intracranial pressure, but it is important to seek medical help if these symptoms occur.
Without treatment, increased intracranial pressure can lead to further complications, such as brain damage, blindness, and seizures.
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Your child will be discharged four or five days after surgery. You will be given a prescription for an antibiotic and for pain medication. You will be told how to care for the incision and will be given the supplies to continue the incision care for one week after surgery. Things to remember:
Once your child is home, it is fine to resume a regular diet and activity level. Remove low-lying furniture with sharp edges such as coffee tables to prevent possible head injuries. Scars may seem to get more noticeable before they get better. For about six weeks after surgery, the scar will continue to become red, firm and hard. Over the next four months, it will soften and lose the redness. This is the body’s normal process of scarring. Although scars remain forever, typically the scar will blend into the normal skin creases so that it is hardly noticeable six months after surgery. Every scar is different, and some may not follow this exact timeline. It can take up to two years for some severe scars to fully heal.
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