craniosynostosis treatment

Craniosynostosis treatment in Iran

What is craniosynostosis?

Craniosynostosis (say "kray-nee-oh-sih-noh-STOH-sus") is a problem with the skull that causes a baby's head to be oddly shaped. In rare cases it causes pressure on the baby's brain, which can cause damage. It is also called craniostenosis.

A baby's skull is not just one bowl-shaped piece of bone. It is made up of five thin, bony plates that are held together by fibrous material called sutures. The sutures let the skull expand as the brain grows. Over time, the sutures harden and close the skull bones together.

When a baby has craniosynostosis, one or more of these sutures close too soon. How the problem affects your baby depends in part on how many of the sutures close too soon:

  • If only one suture closes too soon, the baby's brain usually develops normally, but the head has an odd shape. This is what happens in most cases.
  • If more than one suture closes too soon, the baby's brain may not be able to grow as fast as it should. If severe pressure builds up around the brain, it may cause brain damage, seizures, blindness, and developmental delays. But this severe pressure is rare.

 

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Why Craniosynostosis treatment in Iran?

If you decide to have Craniosynostosis surgery in Iran, reading this article can improve your knowledge about Craniosynostosis treatment in Iran to a great extent and help you to choose the best city and hospital to perform Craniosynostosis treatment in Iran.

In this article we provide you with a comprehensive description of Craniosynostosis treatment in Iran, the cost of Craniosynostosis treatment in Iran and the best surgeons.

General information about Craniosynostosis treatment in Iran

The following table describes general information about Craniosynostosis treatment in Iran including Craniosynostosis treatment recovery time, and to name but a few

General Information

 

Anesthesia

General

Hospital Stay

4-5 Days

Duration of Operation

3-7 Hours

Minimum Stay in Iran

2-3 Weeks

About Iranian surgery

Iranian surgery  is an online medical tourism platform where you can find the best Surgeons in Iran. The price of Craniosynostosis treatment in Iran can vary according to each disease and types of surgery. So, if you are looking for the cost of Craniosynostosis treatment in Iran, you can contact us and get free consultation from Iranian surgery.

 

Before Craniosynostosis surgery

What are the signs and symptoms of craniosynostosis?

The most common sign is an oddly shaped head at birth or by the time the child is a few months old. For example, the skull may become long and narrow. Or it may be very flat and broad in front or back or on the sides. The baby may have a misshapen nose or jaw.

An oddly shaped head may be the only sign of craniosynostosis.

In rare cases, the disease causes pressure to build up on the baby's brain. This can cause brain damage and can make the baby develop more slowly than other children

What causes craniosynostosis?

Experts aren't sure what causes this problem. In some cases, it runs in families. If you've had a baby with craniosynostosis and are planning another pregnancy, you may want to talk to your doctor about genetic counseling.

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How is craniosynostosis diagnosed?

You or your doctor may notice that your baby has an odd-shaped head at birth, shortly after birth, or later at a well-child checkup.

Just because your baby has an oddly shaped head doesn't mean that he or she has craniosynostosis. Head shape may be affected by how your baby was positioned in your uterus, the birth process, or your baby's sleep position. Talk to your doctor if you are concerned about the shape of your baby's head.

Your doctor will:

  • Look at each side of your baby's face and head.
  • Measure your baby's head.
  • Feel the sutures and soft spots (fontanelles) on the skull.
  • Feel the top and sides of the head, where sutures are located, for unusual ridges or bumps.

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During Craniosynostosis surgery

How is craniosynostosis treated?

Surgery is the usual treatment to correct craniosynostosis. It's usually done in the first year of life. The earlier your child has surgery, the better the results.

The surgeon removes strips of bone in the skull to create artificial sutures. This surgery prevents or relieves pressure on the brain and allows the skull to expand normally. It also corrects the shape of your baby's head. Your child may wear a special helmet or other device after surgery.

If there is pressure on the brain, your child needs surgery right away. If your baby doesn't seem to have pressure on the brain, your doctor may advise you to wait and see if the head shape returns to normal without surgery. But your child may still need surgery later.

If your child needs surgery, talk with your doctor about what to expect. It may help to see some before-and-after pictures of other children who have had the same type of surgery so that you are prepared for how your child will look right after the surgery. There may be a lot of swelling and bruising at first.

Being involved in your baby's care while he or she is in the hospital may help you feel more comfortable when you take your baby home. You'll need to know how to care for your baby's incision and what problems to watch for. Problems after surgery aren't common.

It's normal to feel a wide range of emotions when your child has a problem like craniosynostosis.

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Can craniosynostosis be fixed?

Craniosynostosis will not correct itself over time, and often does indeed require surgery. Mild cases of craniosynostosis may not need treatment. Your doctor may recommend a specially molded helmet to help reshape your baby's head if the cranial sutures are open and the head shape is abnormal. In this situation, the molded helmet can assist your baby's brain growth and correct the shape of the skull.

However, for most babies, surgery is the primary treatment. The purpose of surgery is to correct the abnormal head shape, reduce or prevent pressure on the brain, create room for the brain to grow normally, and improve your baby's appearance. This involves a process of planning and surgery.

Is craniosynostosis serious?

Craniosynostosis can create pressure inside the skull (intracranial pressure). That pressure can lead to development problems, or to permanent brain damage. If not treated, most forms of craniosynostosis can have very serious results, including death.

Can craniosynostosis be fixed without surgery?  

Mild cases of craniosynostosis may not need treatment. Your doctor may recommend a specially molded helmet to help reshape your baby's head if the cranial sutures are open and the head shape is abnormal. Because of the progressive nature of the cranial deformity, most children with craniosynostosis are recommended for surgery. Without treatment, further complications can arise.

The skull will continue to grow in an unusual way, and this may affect other functions. There may be vision loss on the one side, for example.

If craniosynostosis is mild, people may not notice it until a later stage. This can cause pressure to build up on the brain known as increased intracranial pressure as late as the age of 8 years.

The symptoms of increased intracranial pressure include:

  • blurry or double vision
  • low quality of school work
  • a constant headache

These symptoms do not necessarily mean that there is intracranial pressure, but it is important to seek medical help if these symptoms occur.

Without treatment, increased intracranial pressure can lead to further complications, such as brain damage, blindness, and seizures.

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After Craniosynostosis surgery

Your child will be discharged four or five days after surgery. You will be given a prescription for an antibiotic and for pain medication. You will be told how to care for the incision and will be given the supplies to continue the incision care for one week after surgery. Things to remember:

  • You can wash your child’s incision each day with a mild shampoo, but do not soak the area of the incision in the tub.
  • The incision will need about two weeks to heal.
  • Cover your child’s head when going outside and use sunscreen at all times as the incision will easily get sunburned. Sunscreen protects from harmful burns and prevents the scar from darkening.
  • The sutures are absorbable and will not have to be removed by the surgeon.
  • We recommend you keep your child home from school or daycare until after your first follow-up visit.

Once your child is home, it is fine to resume a regular diet and activity level. Remove low-lying furniture with sharp edges such as coffee tables to prevent possible head injuries. Scars may seem to get more noticeable before they get better. For about six weeks after surgery, the scar will continue to become red, firm and hard. Over the next four months, it will soften and lose the redness. This is the body’s normal process of scarring. Although scars remain forever, typically the scar will blend into the normal skin creases so that it is hardly noticeable six months after surgery. Every scar is different, and some may not follow this exact timeline. It can take up to two years for some severe scars to fully heal.

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10 common question about craniosynostosis

1Is craniosynostosis serious?
Craniosynostosis is a condition in which the bones in an infant's skull grow together too early, causing problems with brain growth and head shape. ... If left untreated, craniosynostosis can lead to serious complications, including: Head deformity, possibly severe and permanent. Increased pressure on the brain.
2Can craniosynostosis be fixed?
It can sometimes limit how much the brain can grow. An x-ray or computed tomography (CT) scan can be used to diagnose craniosynostosis. Surgery is usually needed to correct it. Surgery frees the sutures that are fused.
3How do you treat craniosynostosis?
Treatments for Craniosynostosis The main treatment for craniosynostosis is surgery to make sure your child's brain has enough room to grow. Surgeons open the fused fibrous seams (sutures) in your child's skull. Surgery helps the skull grow into a more typical shape and prevents a buildup of pressure on the brain.
4Can craniosynostosis cause brain damage?
Craniosynostosis Symptoms and Effects If not corrected, craniosynostosis can create pressure inside the skull (intracranial pressure). That pressure can lead to development problems, or to permanent brain damage. If not treated, most forms of craniosynostosis can have very serious results, including death.
5Is craniosynostosis a disability?
Some children, however, have developmental delays or intellectual disabilities, because either the craniosynostosis has kept the baby's brain from growing and working normally, or because the baby has a genetic syndrome that caused both craniosynostosis and problems with how the brain works.
6Is craniosynostosis surgery dangerous?
Cosmetic abnormality is an important indication for surgery. ... Most severe complications and deaths from surgery for craniosynostosis are related to blood loss. There also is a risk of injury to the underlying brain that can cause significant neurological abnormalities, including weakness and seizures.
7Is craniosynostosis surgery necessary?
Mild cases of craniosynostosis may not need treatment. Your doctor may recommend a specially molded helmet to help reshape your baby's head if the cranial sutures are open and the head shape is abnormal. ... However, for most babies, surgery is the primary treatment.
8Can craniosynostosis be fixed without surgery?
Because of the progressive nature of the cranial deformity, most children with craniosynostosis are recommended for surgery. However, children with mild deformities or those who present late without signs of increased intracranial pressure (ICP) are occasionally treated without surgery.
9How long does craniosynostosis surgery take?
The operation takes approximately two and three hours. You can expect your child to remain in the hospital post-surgery for an average of two to three days. The posterior cranial vault distraction is less invasive than a formal open vault expansion, and allows for more significant expansion of the bone and soft tissue.
10How do I know if my baby has craniosynostosis?
The signs of craniosynostosis are usually noticeable at birth, but they'll become more apparent during the first few months of your baby's life. These can include: A misshapen skull, with the shape depending on which of the sutures are affected. An abnormal feeling or disappearing fontanel on your baby's skull.

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