there are at least four different types of colectomy surgery:
Total colectomy (removal of the entire colon)
Partial colectomy (removal of part of the colon)
Hemicolectomy (removal of the right or left portion of the colon)
Proctocolectomy (removal of both the colon and the rectum)
The procedure can be performed as a standard open colectomy (requiring a larger incision) or a laparoscopic colectomy (requiring several small incisions).
Discuss the different options with your doctor. In some cases, you may be able to choose which procedure is best for you.
The surgical team will then proceed with your colectomy. Colon surgery may be performed in two ways:
Open colectomy. Open surgery involves making a longer incision in your abdomen to access your colon. Your surgeon uses surgical tools to free your colon from the surrounding tissue and cuts out either a portion of the colon or the entire colon.
Laparoscopic colectomy. Laparoscopic colectomy, also called minimally invasive colectomy, involves several small incisions in your abdomen. Your surgeon passes a tiny video camera through one incision and special surgical tools through the other incisions.
The surgeon watches a video screen in the operating room as the tools are used to free the colon from the surrounding tissue. The colon is then brought out through a small incision in your abdomen. This allows the surgeon to operate on the colon outside of your body.
Once repairs are made to the colon, the surgeon reinserts the colon through the incision.
The type of operation you undergo depends on your situation and your surgeon’s expertise
10 common questions about colectomy surgery type
What is a colectomy surgery?
Colectomy is a surgical procedure to remove all or part of the colon. When only part of the colon is removed, it is called a partial colectomy. The procedure is also known as a bowel resection. The colon is part of the body’s digestive system
Is a colectomy the same as a colostomy?
A total colectomy is just like a partial colectomy, but the entire colon is removed instead of just a piece. This procedure may be necessary if you have ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease. After a colectomy, you may have a colostomy or ileostomy. … If the stoma is in the colon, it is called a colostomy
What is a transverse colectomy?
A colectomy is a surgical procedure in which all or part of the large intestine is resected. The large intestine is the part of the alimentary tract that consists of the cecum, the ascending colon, the transverse colon, the descending colon, the sigmoid colon, and the rectum
How long does it take to recover from colectomy surgery?
Most often you will take your normal medication with a sip of water. Your recovery—The average length of stay is 3 days for a laparoscopic or open colectomy.2 The time from your first bowel movement to eating normally is about 3 to 4 days
How serious is a colectomy?
Colectomy carries a risk of serious complications. Your risk of complications is based on your general health, the type of colectomy you undergo and the approach your surgeon uses to perform the operation. In general, complications of colectomy can include: Bleeding
Is a colectomy a major surgery?
A colectomy is a type of surgery used to treat colon diseases. These include cancer, inflammatory disease, or diverticulitis. The surgery is done by removing a portion of the colon. … When treating cancer, the surgeon will often remove the part of the colon that appears to have cancer
What is a full colectomy?
Total abdominal colectomy is the removal of the large intestine from the lowest part of the small intestine (ileum) to the rectum. After it is removed, the end of the small intestine is sewn to the rectum
How many hours is colectomy surgery?
Colectomy usually takes between 1 and 4 hours
Can you live a normal life without a colon?
People can live without a colon, but may need to wear a bag outside their body to collect stool.
Is a colon resection a major surgery?
Colon resection is a surgery that’s done to treat colon cancer. The part of your colon containing the cancer is removed. The healthy ends of your colon are then sewn back together. … Depending on what type of surgery you have, your surgeon will make 1 or more incisions (surgical cuts) in your abdomen (belly).
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