Breast biopsy is a simple procedure to determine whether the lumps in your breast are cancerous or not. Although most breast lumps are non-cancerous, if the doctor also has enough reason to suspect any cancerous growth, a breast biopsy will be performed.
In breast biopsy in Iran, a sample of the breast tissue is removed and sent to a laboratory to identify and diagnose any abnormalities in the cells. The quicker a tumour is detected, the sooner can the treatment begin, impacting your overall health and longevity.
Although 99% of the breast cancer occur in women, men are also susceptible to breast cancer. Men with a genetic disorder called Klinefelter syndrome have the same risk of developing cancer as that of women. Therefore, it is equally important for men to be aware and get themselves checked.
There are different biopsy procedures and the method most appropriate for you will depend on the following factors such as:
The size of the lump or suspicious area in your breast
Location of the lump
Surgical biopsies are done in a hospital or surgical center, and they can cost thousands of dollars. But breast biopsy cost in Iran start from $500.
When blood is unable to flow easily through the arteries of your heart, you may need to undergo coronary artery bypass surgery.
The heart delivers oxygen throughout your body by pumping blood through your arteries. When the coronary arteries of your heart contain blockages, portions of your heart may be deprived of oxygen and, if severe enough, may actually die. Coronary bypass surgery involves placing artery and/or vein grafts around these blockages to improve the blood supply to your heart muscle.
During coronary bypass surgery, your breastbone is divided in half to expose your heart. Your heart is then connected to a heart-lung machine which completely takes over the function of your heart and lungs, permitting the surgeon to temporarily stop your heart. With the heart still, the surgeon then bypasses the blocked coronary arteries with vein taken from your leg or arteries taken from your chest or arm. Your heart is then allowed to resume beating, it is disconnected from the heart-lung machine, and your breastbone is closed with wires. The operation usually takes from three to five hours.
In some cases, the surgeon can perform this operation while your heart is still beating. This is called "off-pump" coronary bypass surgery.