Breast Biopsy in Iran
Breast biopsy is a simple procedure to determine whether the lumps in your breast are cancerous or not. Although most breast lumps are non-cancerous, if the doctor also has enough reason to suspect any cancerous growth, a breast biopsy will be performed.
In breast biopsy in Iran, a sample of the breast tissue is removed and sent to a laboratory to identify and diagnose any abnormalities in the cells. The quicker a tumour is detected, the sooner can the treatment begin, impacting your overall health and longevity.
Although 99% of the breast cancer occur in women, men are also susceptible to breast cancer. Men with a genetic disorder called Klinefelter syndrome have the same risk of developing cancer as that of women. Therefore, it is equally important for men to be aware and get themselves checked.
There are different biopsy procedures and the method most appropriate for you will depend on the following factors such as:
The size of the lump or suspicious area in your breast
Location of the lump
How much does it cost to get a biopsy in Iran?
Surgical biopsies are done in a hospital or surgical center, and they can cost thousands of dollars. But breast biopsy cost in Iran start from $500.
What is it?
When blood is unable to flow easily through the arteries of your heart, you may need to undergo coronary artery bypass surgery.
Why is it necessary?
The heart delivers oxygen throughout your body by pumping blood through your arteries. When the coronary arteries of your heart contain blockages, portions of your heart may be deprived of oxygen and, if severe enough, may actually die. Coronary bypass surgery involves placing artery and/or vein grafts around these blockages to improve the blood supply to your heart muscle.
How is it done?
During coronary bypass surgery, your breastbone is divided in half to expose your heart. Your heart is then connected to a heart-lung machine which completely takes over the function of your heart and lungs, permitting the surgeon to temporarily stop your heart. With the heart still, the surgeon then bypasses the blocked coronary arteries with vein taken from your leg or arteries taken from your chest or arm. Your heart is then allowed to resume beating, it is disconnected from the heart-lung machine, and your breastbone is closed with wires. The operation usually takes from three to five hours.
In some cases, the surgeon can perform this operation while your heart is still beating. This is called "off-pump" coronary bypass surgery.
Before the procedure:
- You must not take any drugs containing aspirin for three days before the surgery. These drugs may cause you to bleed more than normal. Check with your doctor about stopping medication.
- You must stop smoking. People who smoke have more mucous in their lungs, which is hard to remove after surgery.
- You will need to find someone to stay with you after you get home from the hospital. You may hire a home health aide, but their services can be costly.
- You may need blood while you are in the hospital. If you would like to donate your own blood, please tell you doctor.
- You may not eat or drink anything after midnight the night before the surgery. You may take your normal pills with a small sip of water. If you are diabetic, check with your doctor about your diabetic medicines.
- You will need a chest X-ray, a urine test, and EKG of your heart and blood tests before surgery. These tests may be done at an outside facility or in the hospital the day before surgery.
- The day before surgery, you will need to scrub your abdomen and legs several times with a special soap to kill germs. (This recommendation may change over time).
During the operation
- If you are in the hospital the day before the surgery, you will have time to see loved ones before the surgery. Please limit the visit to two people. They may go with you to the door of the surgery room, but then they will have to go to the waiting area on Blalock 7.
- You will be asked to remove all dentures and non-permanent bridgework, hair clips, jewelry and nail polish before going in to surgery.
- The morning of the surgery, your chest, groin and legs will be shaved.
- Your nurse will start an IV in your arm to give you fluids. You may also receive drugs to help you relax and you may have a facemask to breathe oxygen.
- You will be asked to go to the bathroom five to ten minutes before the surgery. During and immediately after the surgery, you will have a small tube in your bladder to drain urine.
- The operating room may be cool, but you may have a blanket if you wish.
- You will receive drugs to put you to sleep and to block pain. You will not be awake during the surgery.
- The surgeon then will divide the breastbone and spread the ribs to get to the heart. The heart-lung machine will take over the work of your heart and lungs.
- The surgeon will remove a small length of blood vessel from your leg or chest. Then he will begin sewing it to your heart vessels.
After the procedure:
- You will be taken to the Cardiac Surgery Intensive Care Unit.
- You will have a breathing tube in your windpipe. The nurse may use a small tube to remove mucous from your lungs and mouth to prevent a build-up in your lungs. The procedure can cause pain, make you cough and make it hard to breathe, but you may be given drugs to treat these symptoms.
- As you wake up, you will be weaned from the machine that is helping you to breathe. Once this happens and you are breathing on your own, the tube in your windpipe will be taken out.
- After the breathing tube is removed, you will have a mask on your face to give you oxygen.
- The facemask will be taken off and you will have a small tube under your nose to provide oxygen.
- If you are in pain, please tell your nurse, who can give you drugs to ease the pain.
- You must take deep breaths and cough 10 to 20 times an hour to prevent fluid build-up in your lungs. You will learn to use a small gauge, called an incentive spirometer, to see how deep your breaths are and to train yourself to breathe deeply.
- After the surgery, you should get up as soon as you can and talk with family and friends. This may speed up your healing and helps family and friends feel less worried about you. Be sure to ask for help when you need it.
- You will walk, with help, the day after surgery.
- If the vessel for the bypass was taken from your leg, you may have some swelling in your legs. Raise your legs above your heart when sitting and do not cross your legs.
- You will slowly start walking more, begin exercises to help you heal and learn what to do when you get home. You will see a video about your care at home.
- You will need to see your surgeon about four weeks after you go home. You will receive a letter about this within two weeks.
- You should arrange a follow-up visit with your own doctor.