What are the causes of pilonidal sinus?

What are the causes of pilonidal sinus

What are the pilonidal sinus symptoms?

How to Prevent from pilonidal cysts

Are pilonidal cysts cancerous?

What happens if pilonidal cyst goes untreated?

Why do pilonidal cysts smell so bad?

Does everyone have a pilonidal sinus?

How long can a pilonidal cyst go untreated?

 

What are the causes of pilonidal sinus?

It's not clear what causes a pilonidal sinus.

A skin problem, pressure or friction may cause hair between the buttocks to be pushed inwards.

This may either be hair growing around the buttock area, or loose hair shed from the buttocks or elsewhere that gathers around the buttock cleft and enters the pilonidal sinus.

Pilonidal sinuses are more common in men because they tend to be hairier.

Sitting for long periods can also increase your chances of getting a pilonidal sinus.

 

 

What are the pilonidal sinus symptoms?

  • pain when you are sitting (sometimes it can be very painful)
  • redness and swelling in the area of your tailbone and just above the crease between your buttocks
  • pus oozing from the swollen area
  • tenderness when the swollen area is touched
  • sometimes fever, weakness, or nausea

The size of the pilonidal cyst may range from a small tender dimple to a large painful area.

Read more about: Pilonidal cyst surgery recovery wound

How to Prevent from pilonidal cysts

To help prevent pilonidal cysts, try to:

  • Keep the area clean
  • Lose weight if needed
  • Avoid prolonged sitting

If you've had pilonidal cysts in the past, you might want to regularly shave the area or use hair removal products to reduce the risk of recurrence.

 

Read more about: Endoscopic Sinus Surgery

Are pilonidal cysts cancerous?

While the cyst is not serious, it can become an infection and should therefore be treated. When a pilonidal cyst gets infected, it forms an abscess, eventually draining pus through a sinus. The abscess causes pain, a foul smell, and drainage. This condition is not serious. If a chronically infected pilonidal cyst isn't treated properly, you may be at slightly increased risk of developing a type of skin cancer called squamous cell carcinoma.

Read more about: Exercise after pilonidal cyst surgery

What happens if pilonidal cyst goes untreated?

Pilonidal cysts can cause pain and need to be treated. Pilonidal cysts can be a one-time (acute) problem or you may have chronic (returning) cysts. If they're not treated, chronic pilonidal cysts can also lead to abscesses (swollen pockets of infection) and sinus cavities (empty spaces underneath the skin).

Why do pilonidal cysts smell so bad?

When a pilonidal cyst gets infected, it forms an abscess, eventually draining pus through a sinus. The abscess causes pain, a foul smell, and drainage. The cells that form the walls of the cysts secrete a protein, keratin, into the cyst. When the cyst drains, the secretions can be foul-smelling.

Read more about: Pilonidal sinus surgery recovery time

Does everyone have a pilonidal sinus?

Pilonidal sinuses are most common in young adults and are rarely seen in children or people over 40 years old . They happen slightly more often in men than women and seem to occur more often in people with a lot of body hair Certain factors increase the risk of developing a pilonidal sinus including:

- spending lots of time sitting down

-obesity.

-a previous injury to the skin

-frequent irritation of the skin

- a family history of the condition.

Read more about: Pilonidal sinus treatment

How long can a pilonidal cyst go untreated?

If a chronically infected pilonidal cyst is left untreated, you may be at a slightly increased risk of developing skin cancer. Such type of skin cancer caused by pilonidal sinus is called squamous cell carcinoma(SCC). This occurs in rare and severe cases of pilonidal sinus, but if SCC occurs the right treatment of both cancer and the pilonidal sinus is required. If a person leaves pilonidal sinus untreated or faces the troubles of recurrent pilonidal sinus, he or she is at increased risk of skin cancer. Such type of skin cancer that pilonidal sinus causes are called squamous cell carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma occurs in rare and severe cases of pilonidal sinus. But, if it occurs, proper treatment of both cancer and the pilonidal sinus is mandatory.

Read more about: Pilonidal Sinus

 

10 common questions about What are the causes of pilonidal sinus

1Is pilonidal sinus dangerous?
It may terminate at a small cavity. Although this condition is often called a pilonidal cyst, it's better known as a pilonidal sinus because of its channel structure. The typical understanding of pilonidal disease is that the tract itself is not a cause for serious concern because it is generally harmless
2How does pilonidal sinus occur?
A pilonidal cyst is almost always located near the tailbone at the top of the cleft of the buttocks. Pilonidal cysts usually occur when hair punctures the skin and then becomes embedded. If a pilonidal cyst becomes infected, the resulting abscess is often extremely painful
3What is the fastest way to get rid of a pilonidal cyst?
The only way to get rid of a pilonidal cyst is through a minor surgical procedure. But there are a few things you can do at home to ease pain and discomfort in the meantime. Try applying a hot, wet compress to the cyst a few times a day. The heat will help pull out the pus, allowing the cyst to drain
4Does everyone have a pilonidal sinus?
A pilonidal sinus is a small hole or "tunnel" in the skin. It usually develops in the cleft of the buttocks where the buttocks separate. More than one hole may develop, and often these are linked by tunnels under the skin. Most people associate the word sinus with the nose, but sinuses can occur anywhere in the body
5Is pilonidal sinus cancerous?
First described by Wolf, the malignant degeneration of pilonidal cyst is a rare disease and occurs in approximately 0.1% of pilonidal cyst cases. The most common histologic type is squamous cell carcinoma, occurring in approximately 88% of cases. Pilonidal cysts arise in the sacrococcygeal region near the anus.
6What happens if a pilonidal sinus goes untreated?
In many with pilonidal disease, surgery is curative. Pilonidal cysts are exquisitely painful. ... Furthermore, if left untreated, a pilonidal cyst can infect the blood and result in deadly sepsis. For most, the only panacea for the persistent pilonidal disease is surgery.
7Does pilonidal sinus go away?
After the abscess goes away, either by itself or with medical care, many patients develop a pilonidal sinus. The sinus is a cavity below the skin surface that connects to the surface through one or more small openings. Some sinus tracts may resolve on their own, however, most patients need minor surgery to remove them
8Is pilonidal sinus curable?
The prognosis for a pilonidal cyst is generally good, and often the cyst can be cured with surgery. Unfortunately, reoccurrence of abscesses is frequent if extensive scar tissue or sinus formation occurs. ... Complications include infection or scarring to the area.
9Will pilonidal sinus closed its own?
If left untreated a pilonidal sinus that has broken open may close back over on its own and the swelling may go down. However in most cases this area will re-swell, become painful, and leak once again
10Why do pilonidal cysts smell so bad?
When a pilonidal cyst gets infected, it forms an abscess, eventually draining pus through a sinus. The abscess causes pain, a foul smell, and drainage. This condition is not serious. But, since it is an infection, it can enlarge and become uncomfortable

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