Spinal Tumor surgery in Iran is provided with best medical services, high quality equipment and modern technology by competent medical professionals. Iran has got the specialist in around the world and in Iran as well and also has got the world eminent doctors and hospitals where all the services are provided to the patients. Iran harnessed its vast pool of skilled doctors and nurses along with access to the most modern medical technology at par with the best in the world. Iran enjoys the advantage of a skilled medical workforce fluent in English. All medical procedures including hospitalization and recovery are the best as compared to America and Europe. Hospitals providing Spinal Tumor surgery in Iran adhere to global quality standards for treatment and surgery.
The three major parts of the brain control different activities:
Cerebrum: The cerebrum uses information from our senses to tell us what is going on around us and tells our body how to respond. It controls reading, thinking, learning, speech, and emotions.
The cerebrum is divided into the left and right cerebral hemispheres. The right hemisphere controls the muscles on the left side of the body. The left hemisphere controls the muscles on the right side of the body.
Cerebellum: The cerebellum controls balance for walking and standing, and other complex actions.
Brain stem: The brain stem connects the brain with the spinal cord. It controls breathing, body
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Spinal tumor rarely occurs and is either benign or malignant. Some tumors are known to metastasize (spread) via arteries, veins, the lymphatic system, and directly. A spinal tumor is a cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (benign) growth that develops within or near your spinal cord or within the bones of your spine. Although back pain is the most common indication of a spinal tumor, most back pain is associated with stress, strain and aging not with a tumor. In most areas of your body, noncancerous tumors aren't particularly worrisome. That's not necessarily the case with your spinal cord, where a spinal tumor or a growth of any kind can impinge on your nerves, leading to pain, neurological problems and sometimes paralysis. A spinal tumor, whether cancerous or not, can threaten life and cause permanent disability. Yet advances in spinal tumor treatment offer more options than ever before.
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Depending on the location and type of spinal tumor, various signs and symptoms can develop, especially as a tumor grows and impinges on your spinal cord or on the nerve roots, blood vessels or bones of your spine. Signs and symptoms may include:
-Back pain, often radiating to other parts of your body and worse at night
-Loss of sensation or muscle weakness, especially in your legs
-Difficulty walking, sometimes leading to falls
-Decreased sensitivity to pain, heat and cold
-Loss of bowel or bladder function
-Paralysis that may occur in varying degrees and in different parts of your body depending on which nerves are compressed
-Scoliosis or other spinal deformity resulting from a large, but noncancerous tumor
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Surgery: Even with advances in treatment, not all tumors can be removed completely. Surgical removal is the best option for many intramedullary and intradural-extramedullary tumors, yet large ependymomas at the end of the spine may be impossible to extricate from the many nerves in this area. Although noncancerous tumors in the vertebrae can usually be completely removed, metastatic tumors are less likely to be operable. When a tumor has spread to the spine, radiation alone is usually the treatment of choice. However, research has found that surgery combined with radiation may be more effective at preventing loss of nerve function in people who are healthy enough to tolerate an operation and who have tumors that have spread from an unknown location, have some evidence of nerve injury, have tumors resistant to radiation or have recurrent tumors that were previously irradiated.
Standard radiation therapy : This may be used following an operation to eliminate the remnants of spinal tumors that can't be completely removed or to treat inoperable tumors. It's also often the first line therapy for metastatic tumors. Radiation may also be used to relieve pain or when surgery poses too great a risk.
Stereotactic Radio surgery (SRS) : This newer method, capable of delivering a high dose of precisely targeted radiation, is being studied for the treatment of spinal tumors. In SRS, doctors use computers to focus radiation beams on tumors with pinpoint accuracy, and from multiple angles. This approach has been proved effective in the treatment of brain tumors. Research is under way to determine the best technique, radiation dose and schedule for SRS in the treatment of spinal tumors.
Chemotherapy : A standard treatment for many types of cancer, chemotherapy hasn't proved beneficial for most spinal tumors. However, there may be exceptions. Your doctor can determine whether chemotherapy might be beneficial for you, either alone or in combination with radiation therapy.
Other drugs : Because surgery and radiation therapy as well as tumors themselves can cause inflammation inside the spinal cord, doctors sometimes prescribe corticosteroids to reduce the swelling, either following surgery or during radiation treatments. Although corticosteroids reduce inflammation, they are usually used for short periods only to avoid such serious side effects as osteoporosis, high blood pressure, diabetes and an increased susceptibility to infection.
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Recovery post Spinal Tumor surgery depends on patient’s health before surgery. The patient's care is monitored by periodical office visits and re-evaluation by the treating physician. This is important because some tumors, benign or malignant, may reoccur. Usually when the treatment period has ended, the symptoms clear up. Analgesics are given to control post-operative pain and cancer pain. Cancer pain may be difficult to control (e.g. 'break through pain'). A pain management specialist may provide assistance if conventional drugs (e.g. pill, skin patch) do not provide relief. Any surgery, radiation treatment, or chemotherapy can drain the patient nutritionally. Therefore, a proper diet is important to regain strength, lost weight, and a measure of health. A professional nutritionist can provide guidance. Depending on the extent of the surgery and the patient's medical status, a course of physical therapy may be prescribed. Through exercise and modalities the patient can build strength, endurance, and flexibility.
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Surgery is the usual treatment for most brain tumors. A craniotomy is the most common type of operation for a brain tumour. During a craniotomy, the neurosurgeon cuts out an area of bone from your skull. This gives an opening so that they can operate on the brain. You have scans before the operation to help your surgeon know where the tumour is.
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The 5-year survival rate for people with a cancerous brain or CNS tumor is almost 36%. The 10-year survival rate is almost 31%. Survival rates decrease with age. The 5-year survival rate for people younger than age 15 is more than 74%.Reports of survival rate or life expectancy greater that five years (which is considered to be long-term survival) vary from less than about 5% to a high of 86%, no matter what treatment plan is used; recovery (cure) from brain cancer is possible, but realistically, complete recovery does not occur often.
As with any brain surgery, awake brain surgery has the potential for risks and complications. These include bleeding, brain swelling, infection, brain damage or death. Other surgical complications may include seizures, muscle weakness, and problems with memory and thinking.
Surgery is one of the main treatments for brain and spinal cord tumours. You might have an operation to:
Having brain surgery might sound like a frightening procedure, but it is quite safe. Doctors who carry out these surgeries are very skilled specialists. You can share your concerns and worries with your doctors and cancer nurse specialist. They will be able to tell you what will happen during the operation.
Brain surgery is not suitable for everyone. It’s a major operation so you need to be well overall. And some tumours grow in areas of the brain that are difficult for doctors to operate such as the brain stem.
Grade I brain tumors may be cured if they are completely removed by surgery. Grade II, the tumor cells grow and spread more slowly than grade III and IV tumor cells. They may spread into nearby tissue and may recur (come back). Brain tumors are treated with surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
brain tumor surgery cost in Iran start from $2500.